ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Mount Bromo and its legend

Updated on March 3, 2011

Mount Bromo is a well known tourist destination in Indonesia. For those who wants to know about mount Bromo, read on. This is an active volcano with stunning view in east Java, Indonesia. The image is from scenicreflection.com

Mount Bromo and its legend

MOUNT BROMO AND ITS LEGEND

Mount Bromo is located in east Java, Indonesia. It is not far from Surabaya, the second biggest city in Indonesia and the capital city of the province of east Java. It is easily accessible from Surabaya and Malang. Tourists can stay in good hotels in Surabaya and Malang, or in many small hotels in surrounding areas like Sukapura, Pasuruan or Probolinggo. It takes about three hours by car from Surabaya to the peak of Mount Bromo. From Surabaya visitors can enjoy good streets to the town of Probolinggo. But as we turn right just before entering Probolinggo, we will pass narrow street. Therefore it is best to go there by minibus or car or jeep. Big bus must stop at Sukapura, where we can find good hotel and restaurant, and then we change with smaller vehicle.

As we enter the small roads, we will climb the mountain. The roads become winding and ascending. The view is different from the city. At first we will pass dry villages. But as we climb higher, the environment will be greener. From Sukapura, we will see valleys and mountains. The weather is often cloudy. At the day time we can see farmers cultivate potatoes and vegetables in valleys and hills. Finally we will get to Cemoro Lawang, the last village which is located in the rim of the Tengger caldera.

Our vehicles stop in Cemoro Lawang, right in the rim of the Tengger caldera. The distance between Cemoro Lawang and the crater is only about three kilometers but the terrain is hard. So from here we will cross the caldera by horse. You may try to walk if you have excellent physical condition.

The view is really stunning. In the summit of mount Bromo there is a caldera, a sea of sand. Inside it there are two peaks – mount Bromo and mount Batok. Mount Bromo is an active crater. Although it is not as dangerous as Merapi, it erupts from time to time.

The best time to visit mount Bromo is very early in the morning so you can enjoy sunrise from its summit. So if you stay in Surabaya you’d better start at 2 PM. Then you will get to Cemoro Lawang at about 5PM. Then at about 6 PM you will get to the peak. If you stay in Sukapura then you can start at 4. PM. And if you stay in Cemoro Lawang you can start at 5 PM. But some people prefer to visit it at the day time because it is easier for them.

The weather in mount Bromo is very cold, so don’t forget to bring sweater and jacket. The coldest place is inside the caldera. When we start from Cemoro Lawang we will descend to the caldera. There is the coldest place. I was told that the lowest temperature is about 4 degree Celsius. For me it is very hard since I am used to the heat.

We can easily find any horses there in Cemoro Lawang. The local people known as the Tengger provide many small horses. They will guide us from Cemoro Lawang to the crater and then back to Cemoro Lawang. They will hold the horse. And when we are on top of mount Bromo they will guard the horses.

The local people are called the Tengger. Actually they belong to the Javanese ethnic group but they have their unique identity which makes them slightly different from the rest of the Javanese. They speak an archaic dialect of Javanese language. The main difference is in the pronunciation. Perhaps it is a result of a long isolation. For hundreds of years they have been isolated from other Javanese since the fall of Majapahit Empire in 13th century. Their religion is also different. They worship Hindu gods, guardian of certain places and their ancestors.

There is a legend behind the name Tengger. Some people said that it derived from the name of their ancestor –Roro Anteng and Joko Seger. The end of their name was taken and became Tengger. This legend is handed down for hundreds of years from generation to generation so sometimes the details vary but the main points remain the same. Here is the story in brief.

Long long time ago there lived a couple in the village near the top of mount Bromo. Joko Seger is his name. He lived peacefully with his wife Roro Anteng. But they were not happy because after some time they did not have any children. Then Joko Seger meditated in mount Bromo asking for god to give them children.

Some times later Joko Seger had a dream. In his dream he was told that he would have descendants but on one condition. The god asked him to sacrifice his children to the crater of mount Bromo. If he refused to sacrifice, then the god will be angry. Without thinking twice Joko Seger agreed to the condition.

After that every year Roro Anteng gave birth to twenty five children. They were very happy and they loved their children so much that they were reluctant to sacrifice them to the crater. They did not give anything to the crater. Then something happened.

One day there was a big eruption of mount Bromo. Smoke, fire, hot cloud of ash came out of its crater. The earth was trembling. The sky was dark. Animals ran away from the mountain. People were very scared since some of them became victims of the hot cloud.

Joko Seger and Roro Anteng remembered their promise to god. He realized that god was very angry. So he decided to sacrifice one of his sons. Then he went to the crater with his youngest son Kusuma and threw him to the crater. Since then on Joko Seger and Roro Anteng gave offerings to the crater. Every year on the 14th day of the month of Kesada the people of Tengger held a ceremony to give offerings.

YouTube

New Guestbook

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • bbudoyono lm profile imageAUTHOR

      bbudoyono lm 

      4 years ago

      I really appreciate it Gaby.

    • Gaby81 profile image

      Gaby81 

      5 years ago

      Thanks for sharing the whole legend. I added your lens to mine, since it is related Trekking Indonesia's Mount Bromo

    • bbudoyono lm profile imageAUTHOR

      bbudoyono lm 

      6 years ago

      Thanks a lot for reading ideadesign.

    • profile image

      ideadesigns 

      6 years ago

      You have described this Mt Bromo very nicely and make one feel like they've seen it.

    • bbudoyono lm profile imageAUTHOR

      bbudoyono lm 

      7 years ago

      Thanks pak Agus. Please join us here at Squidoo.

    • profile image

      agusfanani 

      7 years ago

      Hello Pak Bambang ! I find you finally. This is a great article about Bromo which I want to visit again. Good luck Pak !

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)