ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Okinawa, Japan

Updated on January 25, 2013

Okinawa is an island of Japan; in the Pacific Ocean about 350 miles (560 km) south of the main islands; in the prefecture of the Ryukyus. Area 454 square miles (1,176 sq km); island group 544 square miles (1,409 sq km).

Okinawa is the largest of the Ryukyu Islands. It extends for about 65 miles (105 km) from southwest to northeast and is 2 to 15 miles (3 to 24 km) wide. The northern part of the island has rugged hills that rise to more than 1,600 feet (490 meters). The southern part is lower and more rolling. Okinawa has a humid subtropical climate, with typhoons from May to October.

The people of Okinawa are closely related to other Japanese, but they are also partly of Chinese and Malayan ancestry. Most of the people speak Japanese, although English is widely understood. The main occupations are farming and fishing, and the chief crops are sugarcane and sweet potatoes. However, the economy of Okinawa depends to a very large extent on the huge U.S. military bases that are located on the island. The chief town of Okinawa is Naha, which has a population of about 276,380 (1970).

Before the transfer of the Ryukyus to Japan in 1972, the islands were governed by a U.S. high commissioner, who was appointed by the U.S. secretary of defense. Since 1968 the chief executive has been chosen by the legislature, which was itself elected.

Before the 14th century, the Ryukyus were an independent kingdom. From the 14th to the 19th centuries Okinawa paid tribute to China, and in 1609 it was conquered by the Japanese. However, Japan did not actually annex the island until 1875.

On April 1, 1945, U.S. forces landed on Okinawa in one of the major battles of World War II. The island was finally captured on July 2. The Japanese lost more than 90,000 men, and almost 100,000 Okinawan civilians were killed. U.S. casualties included more than 12,000 killed.

In 1951 the United States and Japan signed a peace treaty, which allowed the United States to administer the Ryukyus. The treaty provided that the United States could not annex or grant independence to the islands. In 1972, in accordance with an agreement reached earlier, the United States returned the Ryukyus to Japan. It retained the use of military facilities on Okinawa, which played a major role in the U.S. war effort in Indochina.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)