The San: The Oldest People on Earth
The Oldest Memory of our Ancestors
The San People or the Bushmen of Africa
Hanging on to the edge of livable land by your finger nails is a hard way to live a life. But the Innu do it, the Bedou manage in a different kind of desert and in the furthest tip of Africa, the San people teach us about life on the fringe.
The gods must have been crazy to park a nation in a desperately dry scrub landscape, but here they are and here they developed culture with art and music and a way of life that would shame the values of "progressive" cultures.
With their click language, their synergies with the world around them and smiles that would break your heart, we have more to learn from the San then than they will ever learn from us. We have much to thank them as they carry the oldest memory of our ancestors.
Drawings of the San People
The San -The Oldest People on Earth
The San are maybe the oldest people on earth. Sometimes called the Bushmen or the Kaang, they have lived in and around the Kalahari for about 20,000 years. This area spans South Africa, Botswana, Angola and Namibia. They are distinguished by the clicking sounds (!) in their language.
The ancient San were hunter gatherers. They lived in small groups of 3 or 4 families, easy to support and move as they search for better hunting grounds. Later on, as new migrations of pastoralists people called the Khoi arrived, this new group after failing to pasteur the land, joined the hunter gatherers San and were both later referred to as Khoi San. The colonialists called them Hottentots or bushmen.
This group now called Khoisan still lives in the Kalahari where it is still possible for them to continue their lifestyle. Some have gone on and because their culture is slowly disappearing, they set up this center in South Africa called, !khwa tuu. It is their way of not only sharing their way of life with other people but also to educate the new generation of the old ways of their ancestors.
The paintings depict in vivid colours how the San people live, what they do together as communities. They educate visitors how the ancient people lived, being so much more united with their natural environment.
Paintings of the San
The San Cultural and Educational Center
When we went to South Africa, one of the things we set out to do is learn as much as we could of its culture and given that the San were the earliest inhabitants of the place, we wanted to know more about them.
Undeterred by the distance of the center where we could learn more about the San, we drove early one morning from Cape Town to Yzerfontine, 70 kms. northwest of Cape Town to !Khwa ttu, the San Cultural and Educational Center. Set on 850 acres of land, the center is there to preserve the heritage of the San, educate the public on the life of the San and give training to San people on rock art, anthropology, an community tourism.
A San guide brought us around and as the center has recreated the San way of life, we were immediately transported into their world, the way they lived, the food they ate and how they looked at life in general.
The Centre has recreated the old San way of life by planting the food and natural medicines they used, their common habitat and practices, and the animals important to them. The San also expressed in paintings the way looked at their world and these adorn the walls of the Centre.
The tiny "village" of the San - Recreated in !Khwa tuu
How the San lived
The San lived together but really as a small group in very crude shelters of grass and wood. Some also lived in rock shelters.They followed the trek of the animals they hunted.
There was no hierarchy in the San community. They lived in small huts and just a common place for their weapons. They used bows and arrows that were poisoned and with these and their acute sense of where the animals were, they got their food and clothing. Ostrich eggs, as an example, were used to hold water or any liquid.
They also know of plants that they can depend on for food and medicines.
Our San Guide - Explaining the Way of Life of the San People
The San descendants try to know as much of their cultural heritage as more of the older folks are passing on. Here, this San young man explained to us how the San in the ancient days built the fire, how they hunted, fed and clothed themselves. As in the past, they tell stories to pass on their knowledge, traditions and beliefs to younger generation.
The Wealth of the Ancient San - Symbols of Prowess
The Mystical Symbols of the San - The Eland and the Mantis
Nature is the San's World
Animals and nature play an important role in the San people's lives. They survive on nature, including animals that they trap and hunt, roots, berries and fruits, leaves and bark of plants.
The Eland and the Mantis are two mythical symbols among the early San. The Mantis is the manifestation of the god they worshipped, Kaggen, which is translated into Mantis. Kaggen, of course, has other forms of manifestion like an Eland.
The Eland features in one of the bushmen's rituals: the first kill. A male San will only be considered an adult in the community after he has successfully killed an Eland. Elands are spiral horned antelopes. These two symbols recreate for them life, creation, death, fertility, and birth.
They have rituals they followed with the shaman leading in these ceremonies which included predicting a good hunt, predicting the future, the weather as well as taking care of the well being and health of the community through knowledge of natural healing properties of plants and nature.
Have you heard of the San before?
The Old Way from the San of the Kalahari - A Story of the Old People
San Plants for Healing - San knew their plants well
San Use of Plants
The San used plants for tea, healing and food. They even brewed their own beer. Many of these plants are now recognized for their medical uses.
Wild Rosemary Used by the San - Guide explaining its uses
Have you visited South Africa? - Let us know
Have you been to South Africa?
© 2012 Mary Norton