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PARTS OF A MERCHANT SHIP IN GENERAL

Updated on March 8, 2013

FROM THE EDITOR"S DESK :

DEAR VISITOR,


There are many parts of a ship and it varies as per the ship type and length . However a general list of the various part of the ship has been detailed here. This list contains the parts of a cargo vessel .



A CARGO SHIP

 A CARGO SHIP
A CARGO SHIP

PARTS OF A MERCHANT SHIP ( IN GENERAL )


Starting from the top most point on a ship :


  • The MONKEY ISLAND ( a place where all the antenna and transmission and reception units antennas are situated) it is the place ( open deck ) just above the ship's navigational bridge.


  • The Navigation Bridge ( it is a place / deck from where a ship MASTER ( CAPTAIN ) and ship's officers control the movements of a ship.


  • The CREW ACCOMMODATION deck ( several decks / plateforms and cabins are designed for the ship's officers , engineers and crews residence )


  • FUNNEL DECK ( a place where all the exhaust pipes from main engine and generators are leading out )


  • BOAT DECK ( a deck on which life boats are placed in ready positions , on the davits , usually on both PORT and STARBOARD sides of the ship ) i.e. left and right hand side


  • Then there are MESS ROOMS / SMOKE ROOMS / REST ROOMS / SWIMMING POOL / GALLEY ( KITCHEN ) / GYM ROOM etc.


  • WEATHER DECK / UPPER DECK ( It is the uppermost continuous deck on a ship , it is open to weather and sea on this deck mooring equipments and machineries are mounted in the forward and after parts of the ship.


  • STEM ( the foremost plate line of the ship )
  • STERN ( the after part of the ship )
  • FORECASTLE DECk ( forward part deck where all the mooring appliances are kept)


  • POOP DECK ( after part where all the mooring appliances are kept )
  • FORECASTLE STORE ( a storeroom in the front part of the ship used for general purpose)
  • SHIP'S CARGO GEAR ( It may be a RADIAL HYDRULIC CRANE , GANTRY CRANE, or A DERICK


These are some parts of ship visible to the outsiders when the ship is moving through the water. But there a many more in the list which are visible to the outsiders when the ship is in the DRY DOCK.

However we will see some more parts of a cargo ship in the following list

A GENERAL CARGO SHIP

IT IS A GENERAL CARGO SHIP WITH GANTRY CRANE
IT IS A GENERAL CARGO SHIP WITH GANTRY CRANE

PARTS OF A CARGO SHIP ( IN GENERAL )

  • CARGO HOLD ( a storage place where the cargo is loaded and stored safely )


  • HATCH COVER ( It is a cover for the cargo holds for the protection of the cargo from the various natural and atmospheric conditions )


  • ENGINE ROOM (It is the designated space for the ship's main engine and its various components )


  • EMERGENCY FIRE PUMP ( It is a designated pump for supply of sea water in case of any emergency .)


  • EMERGENCY GENERATOR ( It is a designated machinery / generator for the electric supply in case of any emergency i.e. black out. )


  • BATTERY ROOM ( It is the location of the ship's spare batteries which are kept ready and charged to provide back up in case of any emergency such as black out. etc. )


  • BALLAST TANK (These are the tanks made in the ship's hull or say in the ship's bottom part to carry the ballast water i.e. sea water to enable the ship to gain some stability and draft )


  • LUB OIL TANK ( These are the tanks constructed in the ship's hull to store the lub oil required for the main engine and generator engines )


  • BUNKER TANK (These are the tanks constructed in the ship's hull to store the ship's fuel oil i.e. diesel and heavy oil to run the ship's machinery.)


  • AIR BOTTLE ( These are the air bottles designed to store preserve the compressed air for the main engine starting purposes and for deck work as well )


  • UNDER DECK PASSAGE ( These are the tunnels or under deck passages to enable the ship's personnel to move from the forward to after part of the ship. )


  • DUCT KEEL ( It is the small diameter tunnel or low height passage way in the ships bottom part near the ship's fore and aft center line - through which  most of the electric cables and pipelines run from forward to after par of the ship. )


  • BOW THRUSTER ( These are the small size thruster fans fitted in the forward bottom part of the ship - to create the high power thrust in the bow part of the ship thus enabling the ship to swing the head in the desired direction. )


  • PROPELLER (This is a huge size fan or say assembly of big size blades which , when rotated under power , generates very high thrust  and that propels  the ship ahead. It is fitted in the after bottom par of the ship. In short, the "propeller" enables the ship to move under power )



  • RUDDER ( It is the big size plating  enabled  to move radially - fitted just behind the propeller,  to alter the direction of the thrust , thus changing the heading of the ship. )



A PASSENGER SHIP

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    • profile image

      ship spare parts 6 years ago

      "Marine and Ship spares parts such as oil separator and plate heat exchanger from Alfa Laval and Westfalia Separators by Premier Separator Services"ship spare parts

    • Hugh Williamson profile image

      Hugh Williamson 6 years ago from Northeast USA

      Not too many maritime Hubs are written.

      Good info and enjoyable reading too.

    • profile image
      Author

      oceanking.sk 6 years ago from India

      Dear Hugh ,

      Thanks for your comments. It is just beginning and basics of the marine equipments which i have tried to put up for normal visitors. There are vast details and theory behind all and I can explain them all.

      Just for your convenience , If you like to ask any thing, you are most welcome with your questions.

      Wish you good day.

    • profile image

      Aditya kaul  6 years ago

      respected sir ,

      information provided is benefecial . kindly also include details regarding the engineering aspects of the ships .

      thank you and good day.

    • profile image

      BRADZ lara 5 years ago

      i will be SOON

    • profile image

      Cadet Guru 5 years ago

      Sir, It is awesome. We want so many description of all the parts of the sir.

    • profile image

      cadet gurcharan 5 years ago

      thanks for this sir

    • profile image

      Rito Palahang Jr. 5 years ago

      The details are of great help for us as beginners.It enables as to visualize the real life as a seafarer.Hope that you will include more information that will help preserve the marine environment.

    • profile image

      jorgensen 5 years ago

      I am an author writing a book where much of the story takes place on a merchant vessel. I sailed on this vessel when I was younger and remember most of maritime nomenclature. However,in order to give my story credibility, I need the correct names for various parts of the ship. Are you able or, if not, can you direct me to a reliable source to which I may refer as the need arises?

      S. Jorgensen

    • profile image

      Varinder Singh 5 years ago

      this information gave me a lot of knowledge about ship that i didn't know

      thanks for that .

    • profile image

      Tallyman LIRA, Santos-BRAZIL 5 years ago

      Just great! Sr, I need to know the diferent locations inside a cargo hold where in we could load bulk cargo or grains (something like: fwd, aft, fwd-sb, aft-ps, etc). I'm teaching english do port workers in Santos, and these informations will be very valious. Thanks a lot!

    • profile image
      Author

      oceanking.sk 5 years ago from India

      Hello dear,

      Thanks for your comments.

      As for your concern regarding the loading the bulk cargo like grains ,

      there are two basic divisions of a cargo hold on the conventional ships such as 1. Main cargo hold which is subdivided by tween decks at certain depth of the cargo hold. Present day , many ships are built with no tween deck where the complete hold is loaded with the same grade of the cargo to its full capacity.

      For strengthening these cargo holds there are many strengthening members inserted in to it. such as : transeverse stiffners , frames , bulkhead stiffners , brackets , bottom longitudinals , beams and girders etc.

      I hope this information will be usefull to you .

      Do write to me soon.

      regards.

    • profile image

      balamurali 5 years ago

      Thanq sir. pls include the other aspects I. E. Engineering level

    • profile image

      cadet vasudev 5 years ago

      Respected sir,this was really good and u helped me by giving these important parts , i will be more thankfull to you if u keep more parts in all types of vessel . Thanku sir have a nice day

    • profile image

      Pratyush 5 years ago

      kindly upload an image of a cargo ship pointing its various parts in the the image.plz help me out.

      regards Pratyush

    • profile image

      nikhil 5 years ago

      thank u sir for give information

    • SHIPPY profile image

      SHIPPY 5 years ago from INDIA

    • profile image

      Cedet Audu u Mathew 5 years ago

      Nice to have a brief studies of parts of ship in your write up i wish to have more thanks (isms Lokoja kogi nigeria)

    • profile image

      jayree formento G. 5 years ago

      now i knew the parts of general cargo.

    • profile image

      Awopetu oluwaseyi 4 years ago

      Thanks to the writter of this parts of ships for easier learning of student!but sire-i will like if the safety aspect is included except from IMO Policy just the safety of each department or part of the ship

    • profile image

      Woonha Jee 4 years ago

      Dear Sirs

      I have many parts for vessels for sale from our stocks

      make :Rolls-Royce

      mainly tunnel thruster ( stern and bow)

      Ulstein compass thruster

      and many CPP parts consisiting of reduction gear ,

      propeller hub with shaft

      Deck machinery consisting of tugger winch and windlass

      Details with photos as well as price will follow upon request

      Best regards

      Woon H Jee

      --

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      Sunaero 54

      Seongnam city, Kyonggido

      463-825 Korea

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      Mobile :82 10 38999768

      Email : INSOL22@GMAIL.COM

      Skype ID : INSOL22

    • profile image

      stranger 4 years ago

      it was helpful...thank u

    • profile image

      roland 4 years ago

      hi sir , can you do a research paper about the parts of a ship?

      so that i can look how a research paper " parts of the ship" do.

      thank for reading this comment

    • profile image

      festo alphonce hume 3 years ago

      i like

    • profile image

      jose santos 2 years ago

      Please, Mr.

      I would like you show a strutural plan of bulk carrier.I need for to calculate stell parts because damage.ground damage.bow back to frame 200.damage bulkhead frame 240.i need calculate longitudinals.stringers.floors.etc.Please help me.

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