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Facts about Africa

Updated on December 23, 2013

Interesting facts about Africa

Travelling is one of the most interesting endeavors to enjoy. It gives us an opportunity to explore the fascinating things in other parts of the world and appreciate nature better. Having a little prior knowledge of the cities, countries or continent we are visiting on our vacation or tour will help us get the best out of our trips.

I have written this article for all travellers and all those who enjoy acquiring knowledge about other places. Have fun reading it!

Africa is the world's second most populous and largest continent. There are 54 countries in Africa which are sub categorized into north, west, east, central and southern (this shouldn't be confused with South Africa) Africa.

  • Ethiopia and Liberia are the only two countries in on the continent that were never colonized. Although this fact is very debateable.
  • Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with an estimated population of sixty-three million people.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is the highest mountain in Africa. It measures 19,340 feet above sea level (5895 m) at its highest point and is the highest free standing mountain in the world.
  • Equatorial Guinea is Africa's richest country with a GDP per capita is $30,200. Botswana's GDP of $15,800 places it second. On the other end, Zimbabwe is the continent's poorest country at $200 per year.

  • Chad boasts of the second fastest growing economy in the world.
  • Sadly, the continents accounts for the top 10 poorest countries in the world.
  • Gabonese capital, Libreville is the 5th most expensive city in the world to live in. Tokyo is at the top of the list.
  • One of the world’s oldest universities is in Mali (Timbuktu to be specific).
  • Civilization is believed to have begun in Africa.
  • In most African countries the predominant language is either English or French.

  1. Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia is the 4th most dangerous city in the world. Johannesburg, South Africa is placed in 10th position. (For perspective sake Washington, DC is the world’s 5th most dangerous city!!!)
  2. The Nile is the longest river in the world. The 6,670 km long river runs through Tanzania, Egypt, Sudan and Uganda.
  3. Six of the world’s driest places in Africa. They are: Aswan and Luxor both in Egypt, Wadi Halfa in Sudan, Al’Kufrah in Libya, Pelican Point in Namibia and Aoelef in Algeria.
  4. Al’Aziziyah in Libya holds the record for the hottest temperature ever recorded in the world. In 1992 the temperature measured 57.8 Celsius.
  5. Approximately half of the world’s diamonds come from central and southern Africa. The largest gem quality diamond ever found (the 3106.75 carat Cullinan Diamond) was found in Pretoria in 1905.
  6. Three of the world’s major gold producing companies have their primary operations in Africa .
  7. Eighteen Africans have been awarded a Nobel prize. They hail from Algeria, Ghana, Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa.

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      tonyleather 3 years ago

      Very informative lens!

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      diligentwheel lm 4 years ago

      @darkflowers: Great! Most people that visit North Africa go to Egypt -befre their present crisis. It's cool to see someone different for once.

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      Anja Toetenel 4 years ago from The Hague, the Netherlands

      I was in Tunisia, a beautiful country!