ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Burma

Updated on January 16, 2012
Source

About 65% of the people in Burma belong to the Tibeto-Burmese group of peoples. In the highlands is a host of minorities, each with its own language and customs. The restlessness of the hill peoples, such as the Karens, against the ruling Burmese has been constant. Most Burmese are Buddhists. The population is increasing by about 2.2% a year.

The Pyus and the Mons of the lower Irrawaddy valley were the earliest known inhabitants of Burma. By the 11th century the Burmese kingdom in the north began to expand and the country was first united under the Pagan dynasty (840-1287) which introduced Buddhism.

Mongols invaded Burma and for the next five centuries it was split into warring states. By 1800, however, a Burmese empire founded by Aleungpaya extended into Assam and Thailand.

After a series of wars in 1824-86 the country was annexed by Britain, though many of the hill tribes never accepted British rule and it was strongly resisted throughout Burma.

The Japanese invaded in 1942 and granted Burma nominal independence. The people were soon disillusioned, and Aung San, a nationalist leader who had sided with the Japanese, helped the British to defeat them in 1945.

The Second World War and the savage political dissensions that followed have reduced Burma from one of the most prosperous countries in Asia to one of the poorest. In 1940 it was the world's leading rice exporter, but now has difficulty in satisfying even its home market.

There are five landscape regions. In the mountainous north are peaks of nearly 6096 meters, and from here the Irrawaddy and Chindwin rivers flow south. To the west the Paktai and Chin Hills form the border with India. The central plain includes the Irrawaddy delta, one of the world's major rice-producing areas. To the east lies a continuation of the Yunnan plateau of China, with an average height of 609 meters.

To the south of the plateau is the long coastal strip of Tenasserim which provides further agricultural land.

Burma has a typical monsoon climate.

The coastal regions and mountains receive up to 530 cm a year, most of it from May to October. The delta, including Rangoon, receives about 250 cm a year and has temperatures averaging 27°C all the year. In the central valley, rainfall is as little as 50 cm.

Natural vegetation varies with the rainfall and altitude. Tropical rain forest covers much of the country. In drier regions there are monsoon forests which produce valuable cabinet wood, including teak. In the dry central area the forest degenerates into scrub.

Tropical rain forests dominate Burma's coastal areas, but the interior lowlands have extensive deciduous monsoon forests which degenerate in the Dry Zone to open jungle and drought-resistant scrub.

On the Shan Plateau the denser forests of the lower altitudes give way to open woodland and savanna, though rain forests extend for some distance up the Salween valley. Subtropical and temperate forests of pines, oaks, chestnuts and ferns occur above 1,000 meters in the northern mountains. The waterlogged soils of the deltaic zone support wide tracts of swamp vegetation and mangroves.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • mapeo profile image

      mapeo 

      6 years ago from Poland

      I will go there someday... After trip to Thailand and Malaysia, Burma is the next one in my mind.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)