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Highlights of Fort McHenry, Birthplace of the Star-Spangled Banner

Updated on September 22, 2014

Visiting Fort McHenry, the Site of the Battle That Inspired America's National Anthem!

Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine is a great place to visit, full of inspiring history, lovely grounds and cool views. It's also a place to learn more about the birth of the National Anthem and the War of 1812 -- a conflict that is one of the lesser-known in U.S. history. Run by the National Park Service, Fort McHenry is the only place in the U.S. that is both a national monument and historic shrine.

Fort McHenry: the Movie!

A Great Film Detailing the Battle!

The tour begins in the visitor center, with a movie detailing the events leading up to the Sept. 13-14, 1814 battle at the fort. The movie explains why the fort was so important: The British couldn't take Baltimore only by land, they needed naval muscle. While British soldiers on the mainland struggled against American earthworks, the British planned on floating up the Patapsco River to attack the city from the inner harbor.

The men in the fort held out under intense shelling and bad weather, and when the morning came and the British withdrew Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the Star-Spangled Banner. The live-action movie really does a good job of showing the fear of the Baltimore residents and the horrible weather conditions of the night.

At the end, the movie screen scrolls up and there's a beautiful view through a large window of the magnificent flag waving over the fort. (HINT-- click on the map!).

It's such a great climax that it's hard not to feel that the flag should hold a special place in every American's heart!

Touring the Visitor Center's Museum

See an Early Draft of the Star Spangled Banner!

After the movie, there's a small museum that does a good job explaining the history of the American flag, the national anthem and the War of 1812, with several interactive computer displays to keep the kids interested. One highlight is a video with people across the country explaining what the anthem means to them.

Another highlight -- and my favorite -- is the earliest known copy of the song in Francis Scott key's handwriting, with revisions and scribbles in the margin. The museum says this is likely the first draft, although there's no way to know for sure.

In addition to displaying historical relics from the era, such as musket balls and a powder keg, the museum takes you through the War of 1812 year by year. The timeline puts the conflict in context and talks about the aftermath in a clear, concise manner. It's well worth spending the time to read before heading out to the fort.

What About You? - What are your plans?

I wrote this lens after a visit to the fort. Have you ever visited the fort, or do you plan to? If yes, what did you think? If no, why not?

Have You Ever Been to Fort McHenry?

See results

The Park's Grounds

A Pleasant Stroll

The fort sits in beautiful parkland that is well worth the stroll. You can see the working waterfront across the river, and the Francis Scott Key bridge in the distance.

On the grounds is a statue of Major George Armistead, commander of the fort during the battle. Also in the park is a much-larger statue of Orpheus, the mythological Greek hero of music and poetry, which was erected in 1922 to honor Francis Scott Key and the men who fought in the battle.

Outside the fort are some 15-inch Rodman guns and batteries from the 1840s that replaced the ones that were present during the War of 1812. After walking along the fort's bastions, you can enter the fort proper.

Inside the Fort

Oddly enough, the first room we came across wasn't actually from the War of 1812. It was actually a guard house from the Civil War. Confederate soldiers were held at the fort, along with members of the Maryland legislature accused of southern sympathies.

We then went into the regular soldiers' barracks and marveled at how tight the bunks and rooms seemed to be. Another section of the barracks gives a complete history of the fort through its life as a military hospital in World War I and it being turned over to the park service.

The junior officers' quarters were closed for renovation, but a peek through the window revealed the officers lived in much better rooms than the enlisted men. A period dinner table was set up and looked like it belonged in a fancy restaurant. UPDATE 8/8/2011: My wife took some friends to Fort McHenry this week and the junior officers' quarters are now open! The dinner table is still set, and the beds the officers slept in were much nicer than the enlisted mens', as would be expected!

I really enjoyed the commanding officer's quarters, mainly because Major George Armstead was a true hero. Showing courage leading up and through the battle, the war took its toll on his health and he died in 1818 at age 38. Very sad. On the grounds is one of the bombs that hit the fort during the battle but didn't explode.

Folding the Star-Spangled Banner! - A Group Effort Helps Out The Park Rangers

At the end of the day the park rangers recruit the visitors to help fold the Star Spangled Banner. At 17 feet by 25 feet, it takes more than a couple of people to do it properly. This isn't the largest flag that Fort McHenry flies -- there's an even larger one that gets flown during the summer when the weather is good and there is no wind. The 17X25-foot flag that was flying the day we visited is the same size as the one that flew over Fort McHenry on the night of the historic battle..

What should be the National Anthem? - What do you think?

Some people say the Star-Spangled Banner is very fitting as the national anthem. Others would like the anthem to be ''America the Beautiful.'' Which side of the song controversy are you on?

Which side of the song controversy are you on?

Keep the Star-Spangled Banner!

Keep the Star-Spangled Banner!

Submit a Comment

  • jseven lm 3 years ago

    Anything this historical should stay and same with our constitution. We should be willing to learn it and sing both with passion and loyalty. :)

  • bossypants 4 years ago from America's Dairyland

    If my mom were here to vote, she'd be on the other side. She always said the Star Spangled Banner is too difficult to sing well. But, I'll stick with the only anthem I've ever known.

  • Peggy Hazelwood 4 years ago from Desert Southwest, U.S.A.

    I love the Star-Spangled Banner. Let's keep it.

  • Maria Burgess 5 years ago from Las Vegas, Nevada

    Leave things as they are!!! But both songs are great!

  • agoofyidea 5 years ago

    I agree that the Star-Spangled Banner is hard to sing, but everytime I hear it I pause and reflect. I think that is what our national Anthem should do so I say keep the Star-Spangled Banner. Plus it is a history lesson that should be taught to everyone. We are more than just a beautiful country, we are a country who has fought and always will fight for freedom.

  • AgingIntoDisabi 6 years ago

    I passed through briefly several years ago. A nice place to visit.

  • Sunflower Susan 6 years ago

    I think we should have more than one anthem, but then again, I love to sing.

  • goldenrulecomics 6 years ago

    I favor the Star-Spangled Banner, especially after learning about the bravery of the men at Fort McHenry.

Switch to America the Beautiful!

Submit a Comment

  • June Parker 4 years ago from New York

    I have always thought it was weird for the "Star Spangled Banner" to be set to the tune of the British national anthem. But what do I know? I was born in Hawaii when it was still a US Territory and not a state.

  • Virginia Allain 4 years ago from Central Florida

    The Star Spangled Banner has a glorious history but most people struggle to sing it. I think America the Beautiful might work well for a national anthem.

  • Tony Payne 5 years ago from Southampton, UK

    As a Brit who was living in the USA, I found it rather weird singing a song about the defeat of the British. Almost as weird as hearing out national anthem used in the USA with different words.

The Star-Spangled Banner Over Fort McHenry - May the flag forever wave!

This is a very short video that my daughter shot of the flag flying over Fort McHenry on the day we were there.

Folding The Fort McHenry Flag
Folding The Fort McHenry Flag

Getting Ready to Fold the Flag!

Tourists Ready to Lend a Hand at National Park

Here's another photo of the flag-folding at Fort McHenry, where everybody gets a chance to help the park rangers!

Ford's Theatre, National Portrait and the National Zoo!

Reviews of Nearby Washington, D.C.

If you are planning on going to Baltimore you might want to combine it with a trip to Washington, D.C., which is only about an hour's drive away.

We took a family trip to the nation's capital earlier this year and wrote reviews of many places that we visited. Check these out as they will help you plan your trip!

Ford's Theatre, Where Lincoln Was Assassinated: A Washington D.C. Family Day Trip
Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C. was the scene of America's greatest tragedy. On April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln, having successfully guided the c...

National Museum of American History: A Washington D.C. Family Day Trip
The National Museum of American History in the heart of Washington D.C. is one of those places that can really capture the attention of every member of the f...

The National Zoo: A Washington D.C. Family Day Trip
The Smithsonian National Zoological Park, commonly known as the National Zoo, is a great place to take the kids when they need a break from all the monuments...

Highlights of the National Portrait Gallery and Smithsonian American Art Museum
The Smithsonian American Art Museum and the National Portrait Gallery are located in the same building, and are officially called the Donald W. Reynolds Cent...

Highlights of the Library of Congress: Thomas Jefferson, Bob Hope and the Gutenberg Bible!
The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, photographs, maps and other items in its collection. The Thomas Jefferso...

Renoir and Highlights of the Phillips Collection: A Washington D.C. Family Day Trip
The Phillips Collection opened in 1921 as America's first museum of modern art, and it is still considered one of the premiere places to see such masterpiece...

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Of Family Vacations and Comic Books

About Goldenrulecomics

For more about us and what we write about please see here:

Of Comic Books and Family Vacations: Who is GoldenRuleComics?
Who is GoldenRuleComics? Actually, the better question is who ARE GoldenRuleComics! I am the father of a teenage daughter, and we live in New Jersey. I hand...

Hello. This guestbook is your opportunity to say what you liked or didn't like about Fort McHenry, this blog or just about anything else I've written about above! Thanks for stopping by!

It's Your Turn Now! - Here's your chance to voice your opinion

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    • Squirt2Squidoo profile image

      Squirt2Squidoo 3 years ago

      This is a Great Lens!

    • Kailua-KonaGirl profile image

      June Parker 4 years ago from New York

      The history of Fort Henry is very interesting. If I ever make it back to Baltimore, I will be sure to visit.

    • bossypants profile image

      bossypants 4 years ago from America's Dairyland

      Your tour of the fort and grounds is a great read. I almost feel like I've been there! Nice article!

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 4 years ago from Canada

      My husband and I will be doing some traveling in the US this year but probably not to Fort McHenry. It looks like a wonderful historic site to visit though.

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Great lens! LOL!

    • lovetolink profile image

      lovetolink 5 years ago

      That's a big flag! What a great experience to be able to help fold it. We learned about Maryland and Ft. McHenry this past year. We found it fascinating that a flag has been flying there 24 hours a day since 1948. Glad you enjoyed my Facts about Louisiana. Hope you get back to New Orleans one day. Thanks for leaving a note!

    • MBurgess profile image

      Maria Burgess 5 years ago from Las Vegas, Nevada

      um...what I said above!! =) (there was more to this lens!! ) Nice! Putting this spot on my places to see list!

    • floppypoppygift1 profile image

      floppypoppygift1 5 years ago

      I nominated this for the 4th of July LOTD!

    • agoofyidea profile image

      agoofyidea 5 years ago

      When I was in the 6th grade my friends and I made a video of the Battle at Fort McHenry and Francis Scott Key. It was for a history competition. We didn't win, but it was a lot of fun. I recommend everyone visit this site. It is a great slice of American history.

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 5 years ago from Southampton, UK

      Nicely done, I would love to visit here one day.

    • uneasywriter lm profile image

      uneasywriter lm 5 years ago

      Great lens about an important place in American history! Thank you!

    • senditondown profile image

      Senditondown 5 years ago from US

      Hi, had stopped by a while back and neglected to leave a comment. I have visited Fort McHenry and found it to be an excellent and educational time. Looking out over the harbor and picturing what Francis Scott Key saw that evening is truly humbling. Adding a visit to the Fort with a side trip to the Inner Harbor is just great. There are a lot of things to see and do in Baltimore. P.S. I enjoyed my visit to this lens as well. Nicely done.

    • Brandi Bush profile image

      Brandi 5 years ago from Maryland

      Great lens! Thank you for suggesting this for my Patriotic Lenses on Squidoo lens. It has been added under the "Proud To Be An American" section! :)

    • goldenrulecomics profile image
      Author

      goldenrulecomics 5 years ago

      @Brandi Bush: Thank you for adding it to your lens, which everyone should visit by the way. You did a great job!

    • profile image

      tincredibleindia 5 years ago

      It is an awesome post.

      Thanks & Regards

      India Tourism

    • profile image

      celeBritys4africA 6 years ago

      A great virtual tour.

    • Sunflower Susan profile image

      Sunflower Susan 6 years ago

      I was reading The Last of the Mohicans to my son last summer. It was really fun to pull out the map as we were reading and find those places.