ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel


Updated on March 29, 2012

The capital of Brazil, the city of Brasilia was inaugurated on 21 April 1960. Situated 933 km north-west of Rio de Janeiro, the former capital, Brasilia, a planned modern city, lies in the Federal District, which covers an area of 5864 km2 in the highlands of central Brazil. Located at the headwaters of the Parana River, Brasilia has an elevation of 900 meters above sea level. It enjoys a dry, mild climate and was formerly a cattle raising and mining area.

The site of Brasilia was selected after an extensive study of the topography and natural resources of the area and construction was commenced in 1957. The airport had first priority as, until proper roads were constructed building materials had to be flown in. The two men largely responsible for the city's design were Lucio Costa, the city planner, and Oscar Niemeyer, the celebrated architect. The layout of the city is based on two intersecting axes- one curved, the other straight. The curved axis is the main transport artery and is largely residential, with blocks of apartment buildings containing shops and essential services. The straight axis, which is 8 km long and 240 km wide, and which is delineated by the Avenida Monumenta, contains administrative, commercial and industrial sections.

The triangular Placa dos Tres Poderes (Plaza of the Three Powers) is situated at one end and contains the executive, legal and judicial branches of government. An artificial lake surrounds the central area and the marble Alvorada Palace, Palace of the Dawn), the president's residence, is situated on its shore. Beside the lake stands a shrine to St John Bosco, an Italian priest who, on 30 August 1883, prophesied that a great civilization would arise near the present site.

The history of Brasilia dates from 1889, when Brazil became a republic. In its new constitution there was a clause recommending the building of a new inland capital to integrate the northern and southern regions of the country and open up the interior, a popular idea since colonial times. President Juscelino Kubitschek (1956-1961) was responsible for instigating the project. The site was selected and a commission was formed to finance and build the new capital city. Although its main function is administrative Brasilia supports some industry, largely concerned with building materials, furnishings, publishing and printing.

The population has increased from 141,700 in 1960 to 2,562,963 in 2010. There is much speculation as to the value of this ultra-modern, expensively built city, but it has definitely played a part in boosting the economy and generating migration into Brazil's interior.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)