My Country Croatia
This is my country and I love it!
The special is because it is unspoiled nature, we have clear blue sea and the friendly and hospitable people!
I'll try you describe, but it is only a small part of this beautiful country!
Here in Croatia, the grace of nature made everything better than man could do, proofing right those who claim that nature is the greatest artist. The only miraculous fact is that, on the coast of Croatia, the creative passion of nature was unfolded in such abundance that one becomes breathless in presence of all that beauty.
In present tendency of the return to Nature, our Adriatic Sea, as very few seas in the world, can offer what elsewhere has been destroyed by the explosion of the mass tourism: so many unique is lands, quiet coves, mysterious caves and unique beauties cannot be found anywhere else. The most beautiful are the numerous islands that are the last oasis for those who yearn to experience the untouched nature, peace and beauty.
Croatia is indeed unique, not only for its crystal clear, clean blue sea, but also for a thousand years of different cultures that have replaced each other and sometimes assimilated in these areas. The Adriatic Sea is not only a deep gulf in the Mediterranean cut into the Continent of Europe thereby creating most economical trade route between Europe and the East, it is also the cradle of ancient civilizations. There is much material evidence about that which is finally beginning to come to light, from the depths of Adriatic caves and from the deep blue sea. The east coast of the Adriatic Sea was inhabited as early as the beginning of the early Stone Age, and there is proof that most of the accessible islands were also inhabited (archaeological findings in caves near the islands of Hvar and Palagruza, etc.).
Thanks to the favorable geographical characteristics of our coast, with its numerous bays, inlets and coves, the coastal belt has ever been a significant mercantile and nautical route.
Archaeological findings prove that in the 6th century BC the ancient Greeks had commerce with the Illyrian by means of the sea, and that they founded their colonies there (Pharos, today's Starigrad, on the islands of Hvar and Issa - or Vis).
Later on, the Romans arrived, and they not only built palaces and summer residences but they also spent a considerable amount of time on the sea, and there are many underwater findings located between Pula and Cavtat which show this to be true. Such findings are mainly amphorae, which were at the time commonly used for storing everything from wine to wheat, oils and perfumes. Wherever you choose to go diving, you will find the remains of Antique ships and their cargoes. One of the most precious findings from that time are remains of pythos or dolias, large pottery vessels which were built into ships and used to transport bulk cargo (wheat, etc). One such site is near Cavtat, while another is near Murter.
A new era dawned with the arrival of the Slavs, a period characterized by constant struggle for supremacy and by defense against diverse enemies. Dubrovnik, eminent in its position as a republic, played a leading role in culture and trade. A 17th-century shipwreck bears witness to those times - a galley which sailed from Venice carrying murano glass, window glass, and other valuable objects, and was fitted with cannons. But during a storm it sank near the island of Olipe, off the coast of Dubrovnik.
In the 18th century, Napoleon ruled for a short period of time, after which he was replaced by the Austrian monarchy. During the next hundred years, Italy and Austria fought each other for supremacy of the east coast, culminating in the battle of Vis in 1866. The Austrian fleet, led by Admiral Tegetthoff, who commanded the battleship Erzherzog Ferdinand Max, was opposed by Admiral Persano, commander of the Italian fleet. In the battle, Persano, on his flagship the battleship Re d'Italia, was roundly trounced by Tegetthoff, and the Italian fleet withdrew in defeat.
Testimony to those glorious times can be found not only on the mainland, but also under the sea in the shape of shipwrecks and remains of the detritus of great ships. The period of Austro- Hungarian rule commenced thereafter. Ports were built and fortified, trade and shipbuilding flourished. During the two World Wars, the Adriatic was one of the more important areas of battle, and there are many shipwrecks dating from those periods. Near Pula, for example, which at the time was a strategically vital naval harbour, twenty shipwrecks have been located, including a number of submarines, destroyers, and torpedo-boats The Adriatic Sea has always been an important maritime route between East and West, which can still be seen today because of the numerous relics, which remind us that the past should never be forgotten, but rather used as a lesson for the future.
One important part of history
TheBaska tablet is one of the earliest written, carved in stone monuments of the Croatian language, dating back to around 1100. The inscription carved on a board of 13 lines talking about the construction of the Church and King Zvonimir, who donated land for the church.The tablet has an extremely high not only scientific but also cultural and national significance for the Croats.
Translation of Baska tablet:
In the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, I,
abbot Drzixa, wrote this concerning the land which
Zvonimir, the Croatian king, gave in
his days to St. Lucia. And the witnesses [were]
Zupan Desimira in Krbava, Martin in Lika,
Piribineg in Vinodol and Yakob in
Otok. Whoever denies this, let him be cursed by God and the twelve apostles and the four
evangelists and Saint Lucia. Amen. And whoever lives here
let him pray for it to God. I, abbot Dobrovit,
built this church with nine of my brethren
in the days of prince Cosmas ruling
over the entire province. And in those days [the parish of St.]
Nicholas in Otocac was joined with [the parish of] St. Lucia.
Have you ever been in Croatia?
Lakes and hills in the continental north and northeast (Central Croatia and Slavonia as part of the Pannonian Basin);
wooded mountains in Lika and Gorski Kotar, which belongs to the Dinarides;
rocky coast on the Adriatic Sea (Istria, Dalmatia and North Coast).
Coastal sea area: 33.200 km Â²
Total commercial area: 113.680 km Â²
Length of terrestrial border: 2028 km
Length of Coastline: 5,835 km
Length of continental coastline: 1.777 km
Length of coastline on the island: 4058 km
Number of islands: 1246 (67 inhabited)
Important cities in Croatia, Zagreb (the capital), Split, Dubrovnik, Rijeka, Osijek, Zadar, Karlovac, Zagreb, Sisak, Knin, Gospic (highest seat of Croatian counties) Dubrovnik, Osijek, Mali Losinj (the largest and most developed island city) and Vukovar (the biggest river port in Croatia). (See also Appendix: List of cities in Croatia)
The climate in the interior of the Croatian moderate continental climate, the mountain region and the mountainous coastal region in the Mediterranean (with dry and warm summers and wet and mild winters), and in the hinterland of sub-Mediterranean (with somewhat colder winters and warmer summers). On the Croatian climate influenced by its position in the northern temperate zone.
The average temperature in the inland: January 0 to 2 Â° C, August 19 to 23 Â° C while the average temperature at the seaside: January 6 to 11 Â° C, August 21 to 27 Â° C.
With an average of 2,600 hours of sunshine a year, the Adriatic coast is one of the sunniest in the Mediterranean, and the average temperature in summer is 25 Â° C to 27 Â° C.
Despite - or because of - repeated invasions over the centuries and amalgamation with other countries, Croatians have maintained a strong, distinctive culture. Croatians depict their daily life through folklore. Songs, dances and costumes exist for every occasion in all parts of the country. Croatian dances are physically demanding, as dancers sing while they perform brisk and lively movements. In the kolo, men and women dance in a circle to the music of violins or the tambura, a three- or five-string mandolin. Guitars and accordions are other common folk instruments. Folk arts are performed at special events and regional gatherings such as the Zagreb International Folklore Festival. .
WOW CROATIA must see!
American journalist/producer Ashley Colburn has won an Emmy Award for her documentary "WOW Croatia" which was filmed in our beautiful country.
The Flag of Croatia
The Flag of Croatia is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (white and blue) and the Kingdom of Dalmatia (red and blue). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom. In the middle is the Coat of Arms of Croatia.
Coat of arms of Croatia
The coat of arms of Croatia consists of one main shield and five smaller shields which form a crown over the main shield. The main coat of arms is a checkerboard (chequy) that consists of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields. It's commonly known as sahovnica ("chessboard", from sah, "chess" in Croatian) or grb (literally coat of arms). The five smaller shields represent five different historical regions within Croatia.
Five shields - from left to right:
The oldest known Croatian coat of arms: a golden six-pointed star (representing the morning star) over a silver moon on a blue shield.
An older coat of arms of the Republic of Dubrovnik: two red stripes on a dark blue shield. The coat of arms on the flags and stone portals of Dubrovnik were painted black as a sign of grief by Dubrovnik' s citizens after the invasion by Napoleon.
The coat of arms of Dalmatia: three golden, crowned leopards, two over one, on a blue shield. This coat of arms originates from the Roman Emperor Diocletian who made his palace (the core of city of Split) the capital of the Western Roman Empire. His palace, to this day, still stands in Split.
The coat of arms of Istria: a golden goat with red hooves and horns, on a dark blue shield.
The coat of arms of Slavonia: two silver stripes on blue shield (representing the rivers Drava and Sava that mark the northern and the southern border of Slavonia), between them on a red field a black, running marten (kuna in Croatian - note national currency is related to the marten - Croatian kuna), above a six-pointed, golden star.This coat was to Slavonia was officially recognised by king Ladislaus Jagiello in 1496.
How to Speak Basic Croatian
Have you ever dreamed of visiting Croatia and Adriatic coast, or maybe just learning a bit of the language? Well this guide to very basic Croatian may help you.
Hello- Halo! (HA-lo)
How Are You? - Kako ste? (KAH-ko steh)
I am good - ja sam dobro (Ya SAM dowebro)
I am bad - Nisam dobro (NiSAM dowebro)
What is your name? - Kako se zoves? (KA-ko say zoveish)
How Old Are You? - Koliko imas godina? (Koleeko ee-mash go-dee-NA)
Sorry, I do not understand - oprostite, ja ne razumijem (O-pro-stee-ta Ya nay raz-um-ee-yem)
Can You speak English? - Govorite li engleski? (gowe-vor-ee-TEE lee Ehn-GLEH-skee)
Where is the bathroom? - Gdje je toalet? (Gdee-yAY yay towe-let?)
Excuse Me - oprostite (Mo-LIM o-pro-STEE-ta)
I would like - Zelio bih... (Zhay-LEO bee)
Can you help me? - Mozete li mi pomoc? (MO-zhay-tay lee po-MOchy)
Thank You - Hvala Vam (Hiv-AH-la VAM)
Please - molim Vas (Mow-LEEM Vahs)
Is the Croatian alphabet difficult?
No. The 30 letters of the Croatian Latin alphabet are very easy to learn. Only five of the letters are written with special marks and are learned almost immediately.
How hard is it to learn to read and write Croatian?
Spelling Croatian is never a problem. There are no double consonants. Each of the five vowels are always pronounced clearly and openly. There are no dipthongs in Croatian
How hard is it to learn to speak Croatian?
Croatian grammar is extremely simple and consistent. There are very few irregular Croatian verbs and compound tenses are not used in ordinary conversation.
Do you like Croatia?
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