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Historic City of York, England

Updated on May 14, 2015
York Minster at Night
York Minster at Night | Source

York - Steeped in History

York, the county of Yorkshire's major city and a magnet for visitors from all over the world.

They are attracted by the quaintness of the streets, the city's beauty, York Minster and the city's long history which includes Romans, Angles, Vikings and Normans.

York has many interesting museums including one devoted to trains and railways that displays full size train engines and carriages. There are festivals throughout the year that bring people from many different countries to take part and the city even has its own saint, Margaret Clitheroe.

York in the North-east of England

A map showing the York unitary authority in relation to the rest of Yorkshire
A map showing the York unitary authority in relation to the rest of Yorkshire | Source

The History of York

Although there is evidence of settlements in the area many thousand years, York was founded in AD 71 as the Roman settlement of Eboracum. It was established as a fort and military headquarters to keep down potential rebellions and to guard against raids by the northern tribes and it eventually became one of the two capitals of Roman Britain (the other was Londinium).

By the 5th century AD, the Roman legions were withdrawing from Britain to defend Rome. As they left, attacks along the coast increased until the 7th century when the Angles invaded and called the city Eorforwic. It became the capital of the kingdom of Northumbria. In AD 866 the Vikings took over and called the city Jorvik. By 1000 AD it was known as York.

The Harrying of the North

After the Norman Invasion in 1066, William the Conqueror set about imposing his rule on the whole country. He marched north and entered York where he built two castles. Much of the North of England resisted Norman rule and York was retaken by the Anglo Saxons. This resistance was broken after 'the harrying of the north' in 1069. This was a horrific period of English history. The Norman army burnt villages and food stores, killed livestock, salted the land to prevent crops growing and slaughtered everybody they could find.

In the chronicles of 11th century monk, Orderic Vitalis, it says:

"The King stopped at nothing to hunt his enemies. He cut down many people and destroyed homes and land. Nowhere else had he shown such cruelty. To his shame he made no effort to control his fury and he punished the innocent with the guilty. He ordered that crops and herds, tools and food should be burned to ashes. More than 100,000 people perished of hunger.

I have often praised William in this book, but I can say nothing good about this brutal slaughter. God will punish him."

After the north was pacified, all positions of power were held by Normans although the general population were still Anglo-Saxon. According to the Domesday Book, 20 years after the harrying, the population of York had fallen from 8000 to 2000.

York Rises from the Ashes

The walls of the city were rebuilt, wooden building were replaced with stone, trade increased and York became a prosperous centre. Buildings like the Merchant Adventurers' Hall and the Guildhall were constructed reflecting the city's prosperity.

York Minster

York Minster, picture taken from a nearby rooftop
York Minster, picture taken from a nearby rooftop | Source
York Minster
York Minster

Learn about the amazing York Minster.

 

The Magnificent York Minster

No visit would be complete without seeing York Minster, the largest medieval cathedral in Britain.

The first cathedral in the city was completed in 633 AD but the magnificence of Durham Cathedral and the great Yorkshire Cistercian abbeys spurred on the authorities here to build something even greater.

Construction of the present building started in the 13th century and took about 250 years to complete.

The Minster was spared during the Civil War because the citizens surrendered to the Parliamentary army, led by Sir Thomas Fairfax, on condition that none of their churches, including the Minster, would be damaged.

The cathedral has many wonderful things to see.

Medieval Glass Amongst these are the glorious windows with their original glass, the largest collection of medieval glass in Britain.

The Chapter House This octagonal room is the meeting place for the Dean and Chapter. Alongside each of the eight walls are six seats. This is to emphasize the importance of each member. This beautiful room, completed in 1286, was built in the decorated Gothic style and its walls are decorated with very fine carvings.

York Minster's Tower The climb to the top of the Tower is not for the fainthearted or those easily tired. There are 275 steps which take the visitor to some of the best views in the country. Not only do you get a good view of the Minster's gargoyles and pinnacles, you see over the medieval streets to the countryside beyond. As climbing the Tower is something of an achievement, once you have done it, you can buy a certificate to prove it.

The Undercroft, Treasury & Crypt In the 1960s there was a risk that the Central Tower would collapse so the foundations needed to be shored up. The workmen were astounded at what they found when they dug beneath the Tower. There were both Roman and Viking remains The Tower was built upon the original Roman headquarters and the earlier Anglo-Saxon cathedral. There is an excellent audio guide to accompany the tour of this area of the Minster.

The Shambles

The Shambles in the city of York was a medieval street that has survived into the 21st century.
The Shambles in the city of York was a medieval street that has survived into the 21st century. | Source

The Shambles - a Medieval Street

The Shambles is said to be York's oldest street and one of the best-preserved medieval streets in Europe. It was mentioned in the 11th century Domesday Book and many of its buildings date from the 15th century with the overhanging eaves typical of the period.

This was once the street where butchers sold their meat and animals were slaughtered. The channel in the centre of the street allowed blood and other detritus to be washed away. You might notice that the shops have wide windowsills. These acted as butchers' counters for selling their wares.

Now it's a magnet for visitors and one of York's most popular attractions. No butchers there now, instead you can find restaurants, antiques and other specialist shops.

A York Mystery Play from 2010

York's Mystery Plays

York is famous for its medieval mystery plays which are still performed every four years in the city.

History

The first record of a performance of York's Mystery Plays was in 1376. They were performed regularly until the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century when they were suppressed.

Recognised as some of the oldest pieces of English literature, Mystery Plays were performed on the streets of medieval cities on the church Feast Day of Corpus Christi, around midsummer.

The best preserved of these religious pageant performances are those of York which were staged by members of the City Guilds and performed on carts or wagons drawn through the streets. Each craft guild or 'mysterie' would perform its own play as part of an agreed cycle which would take a full day to view at various stations throughout the City.

The Mystery Plays Today

In York, the Mystery Plays were revived as part of the Festival of Britain in 1951. For many years they were performed in the Museum Gardens, with the last production there in the 1980s. Productions took place in the Theatre Royal and the Minster Production in 2000 was a 'one-off' highly successful event organised for the Millennium and was specially written for the occasion.

Since 1992, the Plays in York have returned to their origins by being performed in the streets of the city on both wagons and as 'processional' plays. In 1994 the seven York Guilds and Companies funded and took part in a production on wagons and began to establish a four-yearly cycle of Plays. In 1998 the Guilds again helped fund and facilitate a much larger event.

In 2002, to much popular, academic and critical acclaim, the Guilds took full control of a large scale production of the plays on wagons performed on various locations throughout the City, which involved people from a wide cross-section of the community and the open-air performances harked back to the original spectacle of the medieval Corpus Christi day festivities.

The Guilds again raised substantial sponsorship for the 2006 production. Without question, the Mystery Plays are integral to the culture and of historic significance in the City of York. This is an important event in the city's overall calendar and it is the Guilds' intention to continue with a four yearly cycle of productions.

The Plays are steeped in history, have a Christian message and are full of pageantry. The Plays presented in this traditional manner have received considerable acclaim from overseas.

The Ghosts of York Video

Ghostly York

Said to be the most haunted city in Europe, there are certainly a good selection of ghosts to choose from in York.

Roman Soldiers

In 1953, when apprentice plumber, Harry Martindale, began installing a new central heating system in the cellars of the Treasurer's House by the Minster, little did he know he was about to have a very spooky experience. Suddenly he heard a horn sound in the distance and it appeared to be coming closer. Then a carthorse appeared through the solid brick wall. Even stranger, it was ridden by a Roman soldier who was followed by more soldiers, dressed in green tunics and plumed helmets. To pile strangeness upon strangeness, it looked as if they were walking on their knees because their lower legs and feet were invisible. Then they marched into a newly excavated area, and it became apparent that they were walking on an old Roman road, the Via Decumana, known to have been buried 15 inches below the surface. A very alarmed Harry rushed upstairs, where the curator of the Treasurer's House said to him, "You've seen the Roman soldiers, haven't you?"

The Grey Lady

Grey Lady ghosts abound in England. This one is a theatrical ghost haunting a room behind the dress circle of the Theatre Royal. In the Middle Ages this was part of the old Hospital of St Leonard, run by nuns. One young nun fell in love with a nobleman and they became lovers. The love affair was discovered and the young nun was imprisoned in a windowless room - now part of the theatre - and the doorway was bricked so there she died. Now it's said that seeing the Grey Lady brings good luck to any production on at the theatre.

Brothers in crime

St William's College, the beautiful medieval building behind York Minster, has a ghost with a deservedly guilty conscience. The legend is that in 16th century York, two brothers were lodging at the College and, desperate for money, they robbed a wealthy priest from the Minster, stole his jewellery and purse, then cut his throat. The younger brother was overcome with remorse, and the older one was afraid he would give them away so he reported his brother to the authorities. The younger brother was tried and hanged for murder but the elder brother was racked with guilt and died soon after his brother. It's said that his unhappy, guilty spirit still paces the floors of St William's College.

A Ghostly Tudor Lady

In the King's Manor a lady carrying roses in her hands walks through the walls, it is said, in a part of the building that was once the Rose Garden. There is speculation that it is Catherine Howard, the fourth of Henry VIII's six wives, was executed shortly after her stay here where, the legend says, she met her lover Thomas Culpeper.

The Headless Earl

Thomas Percy, Earl of Northumberland, was a devout Catholic and was accused of plotting against the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I. In 1572 he was beheaded in York for treason. After his head was cut off, it was stuck on a spike on Micklegate Bar as a warning to other potential traitors. It stayed there for many years until it was removed and buried in the churchyard of Holy Trinity church in Goodramgate. The headless body of the Earl has been seen on many times at night in the graveyard, looking for his missing head.

Earliest Portrait of Richard III

This is said to be the earliest surviving portrait of King Richard III
This is said to be the earliest surviving portrait of King Richard III | Source

Museums in York

* Jorvik, the name the Vikings gave York, is sited on an archaeological dig carried out between 1976 and 1981 in Coppergate. It has yielded some of the finest Viking artefacts found in the country.

* The National Railway Museum in Leeman Road, the largest railway museum in the world with a collection that includes over 100 locomotives dating back to 1813.

* The Quilt Museum and Gallery, in St Anthony's Hall, Peasholme Green, now the headquarters of The Quilters' Guild of the British Isles and its world-famous Heritage Collection of 600 quilts which includes the earliest known signed and dated patchwork, from 1718. There is also quilted clothing, tools and equipment on display.

* The Richard III Museum is housed in Monk Bar, the most impressive of York's four medieval gatehouses. It put the king on trial for the murder of the two princes in the Tower of London - did he do it or was it just Tudor black propaganda?

*The Royal Dragoons Guards Museum and Regimental Association tells the story of the the regiment from the late 17th century to the present day. This museum shares its premises with The Museum of The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire.

* York Castle Museum detailing 400 years of social history, with recreated cobbled streets and homes from the past. You can also see the castle cell in which the notorious highwayman, Dick Turpin, spent his last days before being executed.

* The Yorkshire Museum and Gardens, set in 10 acres of beautiful gardens, has collections of Roman, Anglo-Saxon and Viking artefacts as well as prehistoric finds dating back 200 million years.

* The Yorkshire Museum of Farming at Murton is set in an eight acre country park and shows how farming has developed from horse power to mechanisation and includes many rare breed farm animals.

See the National Railway Museum

What do you think of York or this page?

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    • profile image

      Nadia 2 years ago

      I simply want to say I'm nebwie to weblog and certainly loved your blog. Probably I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You surely have perfect articles. Many thanks for revealing your blog site.

    • profile image

      MarcellaCarlton 3 years ago

      Oh My! I would love to visit sometime. It is so fascinating, especially the archaeology.

    • BritFlorida profile image

      Jackie Jackson 3 years ago from Fort Lauderdale

      Just to let you know that this lens was included in the latest Carry on Britain newsletter (Yorkshire edition!)

      http://app.flashissue.com/newsletters/celebrating-...

    • IanTease profile image

      IanTease 3 years ago

      A wonderfully in depth lens on the great city. Love the Minster

    • BeccaPhoenix profile image

      Rebecca Shaw 3 years ago from Toronto, Canada & London, England

      Wow, what a great Lens. I personally love the city of York and all of its history. The people there are so friendly and I had a wonderful time when I visited. Thank you for doing the city justice.

    • ComfortsOfHome profile image

      ComfortsOfHome 4 years ago

      I do believe that York is my favourite city of all, though it's been many years since I had the pleasure of a visit. One of my fondest childhood memories is of climbing to the top of the Minster tower, setting my feet carefully into the worn places in the steps, counting each one, and losing count about two-thirds of the way up because I got thinking about how many other feet must have trodden the same route, to wear down the stone so much. Thank you for the lovely trip back down Memory Lane to a wonderful old city.

    • BritFlorida profile image

      Jackie Jackson 4 years ago from Fort Lauderdale

      I haven't been to York for years but it's a wonderful place.

    • takkhisa profile image

      Takkhis 4 years ago

      Good Historical lens and well written.

    • milesryley profile image

      milesryley 4 years ago

      I think enough of it to have let it star in my book! And I lived there for over 20 years.

      https://hubpages.com/literature/my-thriller-horror

    • PostcardPassion profile image

      PostcardPassion 4 years ago

      What an excellent lens. Visited York recently and I have to say that I love the place. I think York and Bath are my two favourite places to shop

    • itravel2004 lm profile image

      itravel2004 lm 4 years ago

      Great Lens, perhaps will visit York if go London

    • jolou profile image

      jolou 5 years ago

      I'd love to see it, along with other places in the UK.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      Great lens. I'm adding it to my 'Ghostly Halloween Tales from City of York'. Seems like we have much in common.

    • BLouw profile image

      Barbara Walton 5 years ago from France

      I was brought up in York and it's a really great place. I've never exhausted the things there are to do there. This is a wonderful guide.

    • profile image

      JoshK47 5 years ago

      I absolutely love visiting places steeped in history - this sounds right up my alley! Blessed by a SquidAngel!

    • profile image

      Lindrus 5 years ago

      Thanks for this information packed lens! Well done!

    • milesryley profile image

      milesryley 5 years ago

      You may find this as interesting as I found the content of your lens.

      I've written and recently released a novel, currently available in e-reading formats, about the return of the Black Death to York.

      Please see www.tsoy.co.uk for information on 'This Son of York' - there are sample chapters on this website.

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      jonnyyoung13 5 years ago

      nice article, have you been to All Saints church, North Street? I did a dissertation on it. Amazing stained glass.

    • DonD LM profile image

      DonD LM 5 years ago

      I hope I can visit the place someday this is an ideal place for vacation together with your family.

    • profile image

      jimmyworldstar 5 years ago

      I love visiting historic cities. It's a sad incident about the massacres when the Normans invaded and the mob attacks on the Jews. Thankfully even if it was centuries later, someone apologized for the actions of their ancestor.

    • Lemming13 profile image

      Lemming13 5 years ago

      I love York, one of my favourite places to visit; especially the undercroft in the Minster, I just love walking back through time. Truly superb lens, belssing it.

    • Ben Reed profile image

      Ben Reed 5 years ago

      I love York - one of my favourite places to visit. Only 50 miles or so from home, it is a lovely place and your lense does it justice.

    • Thrinsdream profile image

      Thrinsdream 5 years ago

      I live 20 minutes from York and love it. Great lens. My parents home was once owned by a senior stone mason who fashioned parts of the minster and their land has bits of York minster masonry everywhere, it is fabulous. With thanks and appreciation. Cathi x

    • waldenthreenet profile image

      waldenthreenet 5 years ago

      Lovely Lens. Love York History. Live near York, Virgina. There is a link, need stronger links community to community. Your topic more important than mine. Virginia Tomorrow.

    • BritStops profile image

      BritStops 5 years ago

      Fascinating and comprehensive lens on York.There's not much you have missed here!

    • Deadicated LM profile image

      Deadicated LM 5 years ago

      So very interesting, I love History; and I live in the City named after York, New York. Great Lens!

    • uktvbrackets lm profile image

      uktvbrackets lm 5 years ago

      visited york some years back. really interesting place

    • PositiveChristi1 profile image

      PositiveChristi1 5 years ago

      York is one of my favourite cities.

      Angel blessed

    • blessedmomto7 profile image

      blessedmomto7 5 years ago

      I'd love to get there someday! Great info and photos! Blessed on an angel travel quest. (Guess for now I have to travel virtually.)

    • franstan lm profile image

      franstan lm 5 years ago

      Very comprehensive look at the city of York. Blessed

    • Northern-Light profile image

      Antony J Waller 6 years ago from North Yorkshire

      Excellent lens, most comprehensive and informative. I live within half an hour of the city, so know it quite well

    • grannyann lm profile image

      Ann Scaling Tucker 6 years ago from Enid, OK

      My great-grandfather came from Scarborough and I still have relatives in Yorkshire. I really enjoyed reading your lens.

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      reasonablerobby 6 years ago

      Its a great place to visit. A walk on the city wall gives you a real sense of history. You are also a short drive to Leeds where the Royal Armouries is too

    • AdeleW profile image

      AdeleW 6 years ago

      What a fantastic lens. I am lucky enough to be visiting York this weekend and after reading this superb piece of writing, I can't wait to get there!

    • profile image

      NYThroughTheLens 6 years ago

      Wonderful, wonderful lens.

    • Jen Maskill profile image

      Jen Maskill 6 years ago

      I love York. I have been there so many times. I love to walk around the walls.

    • Paul Ward profile image

      Paul 6 years ago from Liverpool, England

      Worth another visit and this time with wings: great lens on York Angel blessed.

    • KathyMcGraw2 profile image

      Kathy McGraw 6 years ago from California

      Absolutely fascinating info on York. I want to fly right over and go to that Shambles area...I have been to many medieval towns and what treasures you see. Blessed :)

    • jptanabe profile image

      Jennifer P Tanabe 6 years ago from Red Hook, NY

      Wonderful lens about York - I didn't realize there was such a dark history there! Happy April Fools Day

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 6 years ago from Southampton, UK

      I must visit York one of these days, there is so much to see there. Blessed by an angel.

    • charlesn profile image

      Charles Nullens 6 years ago from London

      The National Railway Museum is just brilliant - my grandad used to take me there and I recently took my own son. We ate our packed lunch while sitting on the same bench that I used to sit on with my Grandad when I was my son's age. It was a surreal moment to say the least. My favourite exhibit there is the prototype Deltic.

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      SandyPeaks 6 years ago

      Jorvik is one of the best finds in the country!

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      anonymous 6 years ago

      Hmm... Time to visit York. Next time I am in England, will do. Great lens. Thanks.

    • TeacherSerenia profile image

      TeacherSerenia 6 years ago

      Excellent lens and I love the history!!!

      Blessed by the western european angel

    • Wednesday-Elf profile image

      Wednesday-Elf 6 years ago from Savannah, Georgia

      Fascinating review of the history of York. I visited England in 1993 and to this day am amazed by its long history. You have buildings from medieval times (like York Minster) and even regular houses that are older than our entire 'country' here in the U.S.! :) Thanks for the tour of York. Really enjoyed it.

    • makingamark profile image

      Katherine Tyrrell 6 years ago from London

      An excellent lens - which I have come to expect from you. My only suggestion for improvement would be to include an explicit timeline somewhere to locate all the historical periods and events as you have them listed out of sequence. Blessed and listed in The Best of the UK

    • joanv334 profile image

      joanv334 6 years ago

      Hello, thanks for sharing!

    • Blackspaniel1 profile image

      Blackspaniel1 6 years ago

      Excellent.

    • Geekgurl profile image

      Kimberly Hiller 6 years ago from Chicago

      Wow, so much good content. I wish I could have gone to that cathedral when I was in Europe. The graveyard/corpse thing is kind of creepy though. =)

    • CliveAnderson LM profile image

      CliveAnderson LM 6 years ago

      What a great lens, really informative and a great resource. I simply love Yorkshire and hope to retire to Wenslydale once I have made my fortune online. If ever there was a place of shere beauty then Yorkshire is certainly it... Thank you again.

      Warm Regards,

      Clive

    • hayleylou lm profile image

      hayleylou lm 6 years ago

      We used to go to York at Xmas sometimes, beautiful :) **Blessed** and featured on My Time as a Squid Angel :)

    • Paul Ward profile image

      Paul 6 years ago from Liverpool, England

      One of my favourite cities - very nicely described.

      Give a mention to Bettys though -- every time I visit my mum gives me a shopping list for theri cakes.

    • ChrisDay LM profile image

      ChrisDay LM 6 years ago

      Another triumph - well done

    • ashroc profile image

      ashroc 6 years ago

      There is a lot of really interesting information in this lens

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      KDimmick 6 years ago

      Blessed by an angel :)

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      I loved this lens! As a student of the Wars of the Roses,supporter of Richard III and a Yorkist wannabe, I've always been fascinated with the City of York. I would love to visit it one day. I find its Yorkist connections, especially those involving Richard III extremely interesting.This lens is exceptionally informative--Thanks!

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      Mary Beth Granger 6 years ago from O'Fallon, Missouri, USA

      Very interesting lens...thanks for the history lesson. Blessed and added to my December Blessings lens.

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      RinchenChodron 6 years ago

      I have been to York - loved it! Great historical lens.

    • Michey LM profile image

      Michey LM 6 years ago

      I live historic cities, and I Bless this lens.

      Your lenses are very informative, it is a pleasure to read them

      Thanks

      Michey

    • Brookelorren LM profile image

      Brookelorren LM 6 years ago

      There's a lot of information here. This would be a great place to visit (after rereading your lens).

    • GeoffSteen profile image

      GeoffSteen 6 years ago

      Great lens, love all the detail and history. York may have to be our next destination for a short break!

    • Stazjia profile image
      Author

      Carol Fisher 6 years ago from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK

      @bsblmike2: How would you know what the people of England are like? Have you met many English people. I wouldn't dream of making such a sweeping statement about the people of any other country because, if I did, it would just show my own stupidity.

    • profile image

      bsblmike2 6 years ago

      england is a cool place actually even though the people are noobs

    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 6 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      Oh Me! I sure appreciate this History Lesson and learning about York England. One of these days I would like to visit there.

    • Spook LM profile image

      Spook LM 6 years ago

      Ah, the grand old Duke of York. He had 10000 men, he marched them all to the top of the hill and them he marched them down again. Fascinating lens.

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 6 years ago from Southampton, UK

      I don't know how I missed this before, but it's a fantastic lens. We were due to go to York in a few weeks, but had to cancel the trip unfortunately. Maybe we can get there next year, I always wanted to visit.

    • Kiwisoutback profile image

      Kiwisoutback 6 years ago from Massachusetts

      I've always wondered what the original "York" looked like. I've only seen the "new" one in the USA. Great lens, it looks like an interesting place.

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      seegreen 6 years ago

      Ok, that bit about the graves, the stench, the amount of bodies, the graves being shallow and body snatches... Eww! Blessed by an angel.

    • Linda BookLady profile image

      Linda Jo Martin 6 years ago from Post Falls, Idaho, USA

      Oh my goodness! I would LOVE to visit YORK ... especially to see and experience the Shambles. It would be like walking through history. What a beautiful lens!

    • NanLT profile image

      Nan 6 years ago from London, UK

      I've enjoyed retracing the visit we made to York a few years ago. The boys loved/hated the York Dungeon. They wanted to leave most of the way through it, and once we were out wanted to go through it again!

      Blessed by an angel

    • EditPhotos profile image

      Edit Photos 6 years ago from Earth

      Great lens. Planning a UK trip next year. Thanks! Angel Thumbs Up!

    • squid-janices7 profile image

      squid-janices7 6 years ago

      Amazing lens with so much information! My husband and I visited England about 5 years ago and stayed at a hotel just across from York Minster. The town was lovely and we had a great time walking the walls, old town, and touring the minster (including the Roman building underneath). The town should be on the "must see" list for anyone visiting England.

      P.S. Thanks for the angel blessing on my train lens.

    • Stazjia profile image
      Author

      Carol Fisher 6 years ago from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK

      @pkmcruk: Thanks very much for the blessing, Paul. I too have always been very interested in Richard III. Was he the evil king who had his nephews murdered in the Tower or was he an enlightened and just ruler? Who knows? It's the victors who write the histories and Richard lost at Bosworth Field.

    • pkmcruk profile image

      pkmcr 6 years ago from Cheshire UK

      How on earth have I missed this amazing lens! Stunning and informative and of course York is one of my favourite cities with the amazing York Minster. Even with my family being Lancastrian for many centuries back I have always had a massive interest in Richard III

      Carol your lenses are always amazing and this one is truly spectacular! Blessed by a passing Squid Angel :-)

    • Stazjia profile image
      Author

      Carol Fisher 7 years ago from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK

      @indigoj: Thank you so much for the blessing on this lens - it's much appreciated.

    • indigoj profile image

      Indigo Janson 7 years ago from UK

      Came back to leave an *~*~ Angel blessing ~*~* on this wonderful lens about the city of York.

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      Beas 7 years ago

      This lens is really interesting and entertaining! I learned so much. For example why the rich wanted to be buried inside churches, how they disinfected money and (something that happened during the reign of King Henry VIII which is the subject of one of my favorite TV series; The Tudors) the sentencing of Margaret Clithroe.

    • Kiosks4business profile image

      Kiosks4business 7 years ago

      What a great lens - and so many fantastic places to visit in York! Thanks for all your hard work!

      https://hubpages.com/technology/MuseumTouchscreenK

    • Stazjia profile image
      Author

      Carol Fisher 7 years ago from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK

      @dewarfinch: Thank you so much for that. The fact you've lived in York for so long and you like the lens is a great compliment.

    • profile image

      dewarfinch 7 years ago

      I have lived in York for over 40 years and I am still learning things about it. Your Lens is a great presentation and I know that it is loved by a lot of people.

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 7 years ago

      Wonderful story full of facts and great information. 5* fave and lens rolled to Roman Emperor Constantine. I will feature it there as well.

      Norma

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      anonymous 7 years ago

      Nice information, keep it coming some good things learned here, thanks twin over full bunk bed

      http://www.twinoverfullbunkbed.info

    • justholidays profile image

      justholidays 7 years ago

      I've got a three-day trip to York (by boat) offer and think I'm going to book it as you definitely convinced me to get to York! This the kind of town I love, with tiny streets, with this particular British flavour.

      I forgot to mention on my Broadstairs lens that the only country where anyone would feel really fine and forget all their problems is England. There must be a special gas or something in the air, as I've never fell so fine than in England!

      Wonderful lens!

      Dom.

    • indigoj profile image

      Indigo Janson 7 years ago from UK

      I think this lens is absolutely amazing. I only just came across your impressive collection of lenses and this was the first I picked to read as I am interested in York. Did I pick a good one! There is so much to learn here - things I didn't know at all. Really enjoyed my visit!

    • WindyWintersHubs profile image

      WindyWintersHubs 7 years ago from Vancouver Island, BC

      Congratulations on your Purple Star. So rich in history and well deserved. :)

    • AlisonMeacham profile image

      AlisonMeacham 7 years ago

      I used to study in York and always loved walking around the city. It is many years since I have visited but would love my children to see it. Squid Angel Blessings to you for a brilliant lens.

    • Sniff It Out profile image

      Sniff It Out 7 years ago

      York is a lovely place and you have done a great job with your lens!

      Featured on my Yorkshire Pudding lens.

    • RaintreeAnnie profile image

      RaintreeAnnie 8 years ago from UK

      Wonderful comprehensive lens on a great and lovely city.

    • profile image

      julieannbrady 8 years ago

      What a fabulous lens -- richly presented.

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      Hi, living in York I found this post very informative. I am new to Squidoo and never realised you could add so much more content!

    • Tiddledeewinks LM profile image

      Tiddledeewinks LM 8 years ago

      Another lens well done!

    • jolou profile image

      jolou 8 years ago

      What a wonderful lens! I do hope to visit the UK one day.

    • Liam Tohms profile image

      Liam Tohms 8 years ago

      Hi, great lens, why not join the Yorkshire group here on Squidoo - for all things Yorkshire at http://www.squidoo.com/groups/yorkshire

      See you there.

      Liam

    • Liam Tohms profile image

      Liam Tohms 8 years ago

      Hi, great lens, why not join the Yorkshire group here on Squidoo - for all things Yorkshire at http://www.squidoo.com/groups/yorkshire

      See you there.

      Liam

    • rebeccahiatt profile image

      rebeccahiatt 8 years ago

      Fantastic lens, loads of information and easy to read.

    • fluffanutta profile image

      fluffanutta 8 years ago from UK

      This is a superb lens about where I live :o)

    • KimGiancaterino profile image

      KimGiancaterino 9 years ago

      Nicely done. Welcome to All Things Travel. I'm also giving this lens a Squid Angel Blessing!

    • SusannaDuffy profile image

      Susanna Duffy 9 years ago from Melbourne Australia

      Fascinating and easy to read ... I love York and intend to be there next Battle Day

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Great Lens 5* and a favourite and welcome to Travelmania Group, regards from North Lincolnshire.

      Tapir Travel

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