ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Stimulate Student Participation

Updated on December 6, 2017
Jacqueline4390 profile image

Jacqueline Williamson graduated with a BBA in Personnel Admin., an MPA in HR Management and an MS in Education.

Brainstorming has been a favorite class stimulant for decades.
Brainstorming has been a favorite class stimulant for decades.

Overview

Brainstorming, buzz group, and question box techniques are all effective devices for creating interest and securing the active participation of all, or at least most, class members. These techniques are also relatively easy to implement in the classroom. Brainstorming is a technique in which group of members offer spontaneous ideas or suggestions regarding a specific topic or concern. The buzz group is a technique used with small groups in which members actively discuss a particular topic or concern. The question box technique is used to obtain questions or responses anonymously from individual students.

The learning experiences in this module are designed to help a teacher develop competencies in using each of the three techniques—brainstorming, buzz group, and question box—to create interest in learning and to encourage student participation.

Brainstorming

Brainstorming is a technique used to stimulate creativity and promote the involvement of students in the learning situation. Often, it is used as a preplanning technique. Students first generate alternative suggestions through brainstorming, which the instructor can then consider in planning learning activities.

For an early brainstorming session, the purpose of the session should not be to solve complex problems but to produce a wealth of fresh ideas from which further planning may draw. The following are examples of topics that might be appropriate:

  • What could we do for next year’s Midsouth Fair exhibits to represent our Medical Administration Program?
  • How can we interest more students in participating in a technical student organization?
  • How can we cut down on waste in the break area?

Although the brainstorming technique has limitations, these can be avoided by carefully planning and conducting each session. The productivity of the session depends on how well participants have been oriented to the process and to the topic to be considered.

The Buzz Groups incorporate a small amount of people and can be enjoyable also.
The Buzz Groups incorporate a small amount of people and can be enjoyable also.

Buzz Group

One technique that is often used to stimulate student learning is the buzz group. This device was originally developed by Phillips and is often termed the “Phillips 66” method since it involves six minutes and a six-member group, as defined by Phillips.

To increase students’ involvement in discussion and to obtain the benefit of everyone’s ideas, the class may be divided into small groups of six. The topic that is chosen must be limited so that all aspects can be adequately explored. It must also be simple enough that students do not become discouraged in trying to discuss it in so short a time. Most of their time should be spent deciding what to discuss, rather than dealing with the issue itself.

The buzz group is a good method to use to encourage individual participation and creative thinking by each student and to promote interaction among students.

Question Box

The question box is an interest-stimulating technique with more possible applications than is generally realized. It is a relatively easy-to-use device that a creative teacher can vary to fit differing situations.

Students are encouraged to write down their questions or responses on a certain topic or concern and place them in a certain location by a specified time. This technique is especially useful when you wish to generate questions for discussion at a later time, when class time is limited, or when students need time to consider their questions or responses.

When using the question box technique, it is important that students understand why they are submitting the questions and what they are to do.

If not properly oriented, students may not respond at all, may submit irrelevant questions that do not deal with the topic, or may submit off-target responses.

The following three variations of the question box technique may be used effectively in the classroom:

  • Students may be asked to submit questions they wish to have answered pertaining to a topic that will be discussed by a resource person or other subject matter expert.
  • Students may be encouraged to write down their viewpoints on a controversial subject and place them anonymously in a box.
  • Students may be encouraged to place their responses in one of two boxes, one labeled pro and one con or some other such designation.

Lecturing alone can have a negative impact on some students.
Lecturing alone can have a negative impact on some students.

Final Words …

Before the instructor decides on the specific technique to use to stimulate the learning process, he/she needs to consider his/her objectives and the students’ needs and interests. The important thing to remember, however, is that the technique that’s chosen should in some way help to achieve the lesson objectives and should fit the instructor’s particular classroom situation. If not then this will definitely be a “lesson in futility.”

Methods of Enhancing the Learning Experience

Which of the following techniques do you incorporate in the learning experience?

See results

© 2014 Jacqueline Williamson BBA MPA MS

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Jacqueline4390 profile imageAUTHOR

      Jacqueline Williamson BBA MPA MS 

      3 years ago from Memphis

      A good way of measuring your effectiveness as a teacher is with good student participation.

    • Jacqueline4390 profile imageAUTHOR

      Jacqueline Williamson BBA MPA MS 

      6 years ago from Memphis

      If you ever notice your students doodling during your class lecture; then its time to start considering changing teacher tactics!

    • Jacqueline4390 profile imageAUTHOR

      Jacqueline Williamson BBA MPA MS 

      7 years ago from Memphis

      Teachers should never limit themselves to only one method of teaching: the lecture. This may be the easiest way of delivery but it can also be the least stimulating to students.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)