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David Hume : The Great Scottish Philospher

Updated on May 17, 2011

David Hume -- The Great Scottish Philosopher

In the tradition of St. Andrew, the patron saint of the beautiful place called Scotland, I am featuring David Hume -- which I think is the greatest Scottish philosopher whose work was acknowledged all over the world. His work on skepticism, naturalism, epistemology, metaphysics and empiricism was beyond question the foundation of present day philosophy. He belonged to the tradition of Western philosophy. He is also into Scottish Enlightenment, philosophies concerning the minds, causation philosophy, inductive and deductive logic. David Hume -- The Great Scottish Philosopher is a hub I liked to write about because he shared the same birthday with me. Many will remember David Hume as the one who challenged the foundation of Christian beliefs.

Date of birth and death: David Hume was born in Edinburgh, Scotland on April 26, 1711 and died at the age of 65 on August 25, 1776.

David Hume is an atheist.

DAVID HUME -- The Great Scottish Philospher

David Hume -- The Great Scottish Philosopher

  • His family and Upbringing: David Home is the son of Joseph Home of Chirnside and Katherine Lady Falconer and never married that is why he was with his family all throughout his life. David Hume whose original surname is Home changed his surname to Hume because of some issues regarding pronunciation of his surname in Scots language.
  • Education : David Hume was educated at the University of Edinburgh at a very early age 12 years old, and was interested in philosophy although he was supposed to take up Law.
  • Works of David Hume : David Hume acknowledged authorship of Treatise until the year of his death, in 1776.

    Hume's essays On Suicide, On the Immortality of the Soul, and Dialogues concerning Natural Religion

  • Influences : He was heavily influenced by John Locke another famous empiricist English philosopher and George Berkeley - a great Irish philosopher. If you want you can check my hub about George Berkeley -- The Great Irish Philosopher George Berkeley and His Famous Quotes. Alongside this, David Hume was also influenced by "French-speaking writers such as Pierre Bayle-- Isaac Newton, Adam Smith, Samuel Clarke, Francis Hutcheson plus Joseph Butler."

HUBMOB Scottish traditions

David Hume -- The Great Scottish Philosopher

David Hume -- The Great Scottish Philosopher -- His Philosophy and Thoughts

  • David Hume was considered the one who first carve out a thoroughly naturalistic philosophy in the modern era. David Hume's philosophy was partly consisted "in rejection of the historically prevalent conception of human minds as being miniature versions of the divine mind." it is related to the power of the human reasons and insights into the empiricists world and the power of reasoning in relation to Gods existence.
  • Being a skeptic he rejected the notion that the world is as we represent it to be but rather he said that the best we can do is to put and apply the "strongest explanatory and empirical principles available to the investigation of human mental phenomena, issuing in a quasi-Newtonian project, Hume's ‘Science of Man’."
  • In his work -- the introduction to "A Treatise of Human Nature' David Hume writes that the -the science of man is the only solid foundation for the other sciences-, plus he added that the precise method for this science is -experience and observation-; i.e. the empirical and observation method.
  • Practical reason and logic

    David Hume's most famous dialogue and sentence occurs at Treatise, II, III, iii, "Of the influencing motives of the will" he said that -- Reason is and only to be, the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them-- It has been said that here David Hume "extends his anti-rationalism from the epistemological sphere into that of the theory of action, and demonstrates that the faculty of reason cannot, of itself, move the will." Do you agree with these?

  • About self and identity-- David Hume said that the self is "nothing but a bundle of interconnected perceptions and according to several positivists said that David Hume is just "attempting to specify the “sense-contents” --(roughly, bits of sensory-experience) that we refer to when we talk about the self. This account draws on Hume’s remarks that a person is “a bundle or collection of different perceptions”. There are people who criticized the bundle theory interpretation of Hume on personal identity and some said that people' bundle of perceptions as figurative and is it specific as we also share the same perceptions with others.

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    • profile image

      js kairon 6 years ago

      good written Thanks

    • John Sarkis profile image

      John Sarkis 6 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

      Great hub. Hume also influenced Kant to a great extent.

    • Mikio profile image

      Mikio 7 years ago

      A nice overview on Hume's philosophy, but I think you could have (should have) mentioned the fact that it was Hume's work that motivated Immanuel Kant to come up with Critique of Pure Reason. For me, those two figures are the true Giants of modern philosophy. If it weren't for Hume's challenge to epistemology of his day, Kant would not have written anything.

    • IntimatEvolution profile image

      Julie Grimes 7 years ago from Columbia, MO USA

      I'm a history nut. Thanks for the lesson.

    • Mark Monroe profile image

      Mark Monroe 7 years ago from Dover De

      Nicely Done

    • alexandriaruthk profile image
      Author

      alexandriaruthk 8 years ago from US

      Thank you Quill, Maita

    • alexandriaruthk profile image
      Author

      alexandriaruthk 8 years ago from US

      Cheeky my girl that is a very nice compliments, Thank you, Maita

    • alexandriaruthk profile image
      Author

      alexandriaruthk 8 years ago from US

      Thank you Ron, Maita

    • rprcarz50 profile image

      rprcarz50 8 years ago

      I like your style on this Hub . Very interesting. Makes me get all sentimentle.

      Thank you

      Ron

      As Always Also a2z50

    • Cheeky Girl profile image

      Cassandra Mantis 8 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

      Wow, this is a great hub right here! This guy is a bit of a legend in these parts! The Scottish are famous for many things, and Hume is proudly amongst that list! Some great points here! This is high-brow material! Hume posed a lot of relevant questions about the way things were and wasn't afraid to challenge the Status Quo.I am very impressed! Well done! : )

    • profile image

      "Quill" 8 years ago

      Well written and filled with history, an interesting mind, filled with challenging wisdom and well worth the read.

      Blessings

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