Forced Perspective Photography
Free form, or more commonly known as forced perspective, just like this theme's name suggest, is a style of photographing where the photographs are created rather than found and most always it involves at least two subjects which may or may not be next to each other, in fact they could be millions of miles apart yet one aids the other in making the composition work.
This photo project is so simple to accomplish that even a novice can get good results. Take for example a beautiful night sky and a bright star, then two young silhouetted lovers standing in what seems right under the star.
One reaches for the star "grabs" it with perhaps the intention of presenting it to his lover as a token of their love. By now you should have realized that we are referring to using shadows and figures and other impossible subjects interacting with one another.
Composition and perspective play major roles in this theme, actually they are the keys. This theme can be done in daylight also. Take for example a huge tree which has somehow been bent by the forces of nature and a young boy or girl appears as if holding this tree and keeping it from falling over.
How simple is this technique you might ask; one of the subjects must be at a relatively distance to the other, in other words for this to look real the tree had to be some distance away to allow for the young boy to simulate holding it by holding up his arms at the right angle. Off course carefully choosing and arranging the perspective for this shot is what made it possible.
Even simpler ways to interact with this theme is to create shadows in a surface, draw caricatures upon this surface or place solid objects and then cast the shadow upon it.
Similar effects can also be accomplished at night, here you will need at least two light sources, with one being a flash unit. Once you have your subjects, one is illuminated by the flash, the other subject is in fact a shadow, most often of a person. Such a sample would be a soccer ball on the grass which is about to be kicked by the shadow of a soccer player. In this scene the soccer ball and the grass are illuminated by the flash and the shadow is created by a model some distance away who is also illuminated independently.
Be mindful to concentrate the light source which is being used to illuminate the soccer ball and the grass unto those subjects without it spilling unto the area where the shadow is to be present otherwise the flash burst or light will effectively erase the shadow subject. A photographic snoot is sometimes useful for this purpose when you want to concentrate a narrow beam of light unto a specific spot. Follow link for a DIY photography snoot.
A variation is to use a shadow figure to interact with an independent illuminated subject such as the moon, a plane, a building etc. Another variation is to photograph shadows interacting with one another like done in the early days of Hollywood horror movies. In both of these two variations you will need a backdrop or other surface where to "place" your shadows.
Alternatively if you have less than two light sources, then choose a far away enough subject which is illuminated independently and just aim your flash at your subject like a model reaching for the moon. The moon is so far away that your flash burst has absolutely no effect upon it.
This theme is only limited by your imagination and to date has proven to be the most fun to pursue, at least in my case. It's also a great topic to pursue when on vacation to add some charm and variety to your family getaways.
If you are Photoshop inclined, then most of these images can be composed by "sandwiching" two images onto one frame. Follow this link for a tutorial.
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So long as the subjects are composed at the right perspective to one another and the right distance from each other, there is an abundant supply of topics and subjects to explore with this particular photographic theme.
Most of the images obtained this way will be from a learning perspective, used to showcase your talents as a photographer.
Some good and very creative images can also be used by greeting card companies, and most photography publications as well as special effects publications.
Also never underestimate photographs as an art medium much like a painting is. Wherever a painting is used and regardless of the purpose for its use so can a photograph.
Unlike a painting, photographs start to loose definition the larger the print becomes and this should be kept in mind if your intention is to make large prints.
- 45 Creative Forced-Perspective Photography [PICS]
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The emphasis is not so much in the subject or the scene that's in front of the camera