The Intricate Art of Filigree

Filigree art has been around for a long time. Likely derived from the Spanish words "filar" which means to spin and "grano" which is the grain or main fiber of a material, filigree is best known for its application in jewelry making. It is an ancient art form that takes pliable material and curls, plaits, twists and solders it into a pleasing form. Unlike much of the mass produced jewelry we have today, true filigree is handcrafted. But filigree is not just jewelry. It is a delicate open pattern using a woven thread design. It has been used in rituals and celebrations and has been adapted along with the times.


METALS -

The craft of filigree has been traced to several cultures to include Greece, Rome, China, Armenia and India. The filigree artisan would beat pieces of metal such as gold, silver and platinum into elongated wire. They would twist the filament to create subtle and lacy openwork jewelry. The malleable metal would be manipulated and bent into complex figures usually with some basic soldering. Remnants of ancient filigree design can still be enjoyed in museums.

Filigree has been a jewelry standard for centuries. Artisans learned to create complicated and intricate pieces that were both feminine and sturdy. Eventually gems were added and diffferent forms were mastered. Filigree jewelry in the shapes of flowers and leaves appeared. Base metals replaced the gold and silver of old times. Interesting bowls and chalices were layered with filigree and became one-of-a-kind works of art. Filigree lovers appreciate the rich history and importance of filigree art and perpetuate its desirability in modern jewelry.


CLOTH -

The airy open pattern of filigree is demonstrated most efficiently in lace. Bruges, Belgian prides itself in the making of crocheted lace using the filigree hand technique. The lace is woven with gold, silver and silk threads giving it a rich look. In ancient times women made their own baby clothes and wedding dresses using hand embroidered filigree design. Filigree embroidery is still popular in China. Artisans intertwine various complicated patterns onto cloth creating unique work. The Chinese knot pattern has become recognized as the best in filigree embroidery.

Cloth filigree has found its way into not only the fashion world but in home d├ęcor as well. It can be found on pillowcases and tablecloths, frames and lamp shades. The fineness of filigree openwork lens elegance to any setting.


PAPER -

Paper filigree is most commonly called "quilling". This form of art is thought to have had its start during the Renaissance where French and Italian monks and nuns would use the gilded paper edges left over from books to create works of art. Later in the 18th century, quilling became a popular pursuit amongst wealthier ladies in Europe and eventually spread to the Americas. Much exquisite work was produced to include hat and jewelry boxes. The paper was twisted and formed in such a way as to be very sturdy.

Paper filigree has experienced a resurgence. Due to the low cost of the material needed for the craft and a renewed interest in handcrafted art, it has become a hobby with many creative indications. Quilling is taught in schools and children seem to enjoy it. Many whimsical patterns are available as well as a variety of specialty paper. It is an easy craft to learn and well worth the effort.


CONSTRUCTION -

The most recognizable example of architectural filigee is in Victorian style houses. These ornate homes would use lacy screens, trims, fringes and brackets to embellish the structure. The decorative "iron lace" design is the hallmark of Victorian construction.

Filigree patterns can also be found in bridges. Bridge supports often have hexagonal open designs. An example of this is the bridge over Bayerstrasse in Munich, Germany. Architects were able to achieve lighter and more delicate structures by using fine-grain steel and filigree patterns.

Filigree construction has become more efficient. A new method of concrete deck construction uses layered factory precast technologies to build both an aesthetically pleasing and phisically solid structure which is usually lower in cost.


TATTOOS -

The intricacies of filigree patterns lend themselves to art of any kind. Tattoo artists tackle this challenge every day creating unique filigree designs on various parts of human bodies. With ink and stain and much attention to detail, the dexterous craftsmen manage to weave a complicated picture. Filigree has gained popularity in tattoo embellishment. Yet filigree tattoos have been around for thousands of years. They were once thought to offer protection and to denote social status.


NATURE -

Once again, art only strives to imitate nature. There are no more beautiful filigree patterns than those offered by the natural world. The master of that world is the spider who builds that wonderous web with patience and skill. The resulting filigree pattern is as near to perfection as anything. Natural filigree can sometimes be seen in unexpected places. It surprises us in the wings of a dragonfly or the fleeting close-up of a snowflake. It soothes in the pattern of a fallen leaf or the view looking up through the trees at the sky. It spirals away from the water bug on a pond or delights us in the sun's reflection on the water.

Several trees and plants have been named after filigree because of their lacy and delicate foliage. One such tree is the Red Filigree Lace Japanese Maple. The European White Birch is also called the Filigree Lace White Birch because of its intricate leaf patterns. Many flowers boast similar filigree characteristics including the Clematis Flora Filigree. Just look around and you will see why so much beautiful jewelry is designed with filigree in mind.


For other similar Hubs, go here - http://hubpages.com/_36otspfnata5l/hub/The-Old-Fashioned-Art-Of-Cameo-Carving

And here - http://hubpages.com/_36otspfnata5l/hub/The-Lost-Art-Of-Tatting

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Comments 23 comments

drbj profile image

drbj 6 years ago from south Florida

I never thought of a spider web before as being a filigree pattern but you're right, suziecat, it most definitely is. Thank you for this interesting hub and videos. Fascinating subject.


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Thanks so much, as always, for stopping by. Nature is always the best teacher.


heart4theword profile image

heart4theword 6 years ago from hub

This pattern of art, is so technical:) Would take quite the eye, and the patience to do this kind of work!


carolina muscle profile image

carolina muscle 6 years ago from Charlotte, North Carolina

I always am amazed at fine filigree wood work... it takes a very steady hand, and pretty good eyes, too!!

Fine post!!


Darlene Sabella profile image

Darlene Sabella 6 years ago from Hello, my name is Toast and Jam, I live in the forest with my dog named Sam ...

Reminds me of a book I read a long time ago about the aborigines people, they each have their own path of life and it is a spider web and they see that as Their personal journey...great hub


akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon

How interesting! And it's not about food - I might actually have a prayer. That is fascinating and how intricate. Wonderful hub!


ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 6 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

In so many things in life. Interesting


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Heart4theword - Yes, patience must be key. Thanks so much for commenting.


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Carolina - I love wood filigree and have a few amazing pieces gathering dust on the shelf.


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Darlene - What a beautiful thought to think of the intracacies of a spider web as a path of life. Thanks for stopping by.


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Akirchner - you certainly have been a food plugger.


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Ethel - I see it more now that I've written this. Thanks for reading.


loriamoore 6 years ago

You know, I hadn't thought of it, but I haven't seen filigree jewelry at the craft fairs for a while.


Sally's Trove profile image

Sally's Trove 6 years ago from Southeastern Pennsylvania

Your Hub is a moving celebration of an ancient art which is, as you say, derived from nature. I love filigree metals crafted into jewelry or utilitarian items, but I never thought of the form as defining the shape of a bridge, nor did I think of it as quillwork.

Thank you for the valuable information you presented, and also for another way of looking at how we intertwine ourselves with the world around us.


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Loriamoore - It's still around but not as popular as it once was.

Sally's Trove - Thank you for your kind words and for taking the tome to comment.


habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia

This is so cool! Thumbs up!


oishi profile image

oishi 6 years ago

Nice. I did not know filigree has an existence other than jewellery purposes. I love silver jewellery and filigree is very common in them. The best part of the hub is where you explained how filigree like most other arts is inspired by Nature. The use of the spider spinning web video is great.


oishi profile image

oishi 6 years ago

Thanks for posting.


suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC Author

Habee - glad you enjoyed.

Oishi - I think spiders spinning webs is awesome.


Scribenet profile image

Scribenet 6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

suziecat,

Great Hub! I didn't realize there were so many patterns of filigree around in nature and in design like Victorian houses! I marvel at dragonfly wings and enjoy looking at Victorian house...never thought they had something in common! Learn something new every day on these Hubs!


Rose Kolowinski profile image

Rose Kolowinski 6 years ago

Interesting hub, suziecat! I have tried quilling. It is harder than it looks!


onceuponatime66 profile image

onceuponatime66 5 years ago from USA IL

Just learning how to paper quill, might give for Christmas 2010 gifts: ornaments.


Giselle Maine 5 years ago

Hi Suziecat, I never realized how filigree can be found in so many different forms, including in nature. I used to think it was just a jewellery style. Thank you for this very informative and eye-opening hub.

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