How to Raise Quails

Never-fail-quail recipe 1 (http://www.ssaa.org.au/stories/cooking/)
Never-fail-quail recipe 1 (http://www.ssaa.org.au/stories/cooking/)
Quail-California State Bird
Quail-California State Bird
Male quail http://farmingfriends.com/
Male quail http://farmingfriends.com/
Blue-breasted quail
Blue-breasted quail
Newly-hatched quails http://www.goldendovegallery.org/
Newly-hatched quails http://www.goldendovegallery.org/

Quail raising is really in demand. I’ve interviewed local quail raisers during my radio stint and found out that quails are easy to manage and have good laying performance. However, people in the country often rely on raising chickens because they don’t have to buy feeds for them, whereas they will spend much money on raising quails. We used to catch the wild quails when raining because they cannot fly higher and just hide themselves on the ground.

It’s opposite in the city where you have only minimal space. Aside from dogs and cats as pets, some city dwellers or residents try quail raising and rely their additional income to it. They said it is really productive.

Let’s begin to raise quails

There are two kinds of quails. The two breeds suitable for quail raising are the “Japanese” quail (Coturnix japonica) and the “American” quail (Coturnix coturnix).

It is ideal to start with quail pullets or quail chicks about a month or 35 days old that are uniform in sizes. The male birds can already be identified by the dark brown color of the breast feather. Avoid buying birds with streak of white or black feathers because these are possible signs of inbreeding. The seller will or should provide the record of parent stock for assurance of the quality of initial stock.

A beginner like us can start with 10-15 pullets or young quails.

Let’s make the cage for the quails

Materials include plywood, ¼ inch mesh wire and 1”x1” lumber to serve as framework.

Space requirement at chick stage (1-15 days old) is 2.5” per bird for both Japanese and American breeds. So if you have 10-15 pullets, the space required should total into 20.5” up to 39.5”.

At growing stage (16-35 days old) is 3”x3”/bird is recommended for the Japanese breed while 3.5”x3.5”/bird for the American breed. Total space will be 30”x30” for Japanese quails and 52.5”x52.5” for American quails.

During the laying stage (36 days old and up), space requirement is 3.5”x3.5”/bird for the Japanese and 4.5”x4.5”/bird for the American breed.

The cages should not be too high. Providing large space for the birds can lead to injuries because of too much movement. A 5” or 6” height is enough to accommodate the birds. Construct the cages (for three stages) in well-ventilated areas.

Remember the temperature

Remember the three cages you’ve made: chick stage, growing stage and laying stage.

For first 5 days, the required temperature is 95 F. This may be reduced down to 85 F on the 10th day. A 50-watt bulb is needed to provide heat to the chicks inside the brooding cages.

Growing cages should be ready after 15 days in the brooding or chicks cages. Exposure to light should be limited to 12 hours per day. They should have sufficient sleep during this stage in order for the quails to grow uniformly.

Note: Small ones should be disposed or separated. The average mortality rate at the start of the growing period up to 35 days is 1%-4%.

Male quails are darker in color especially on the breast feather. At this stage, female birds can be segregated and transferred to the laying cages. It is not advisable to mix male birds to the laying cages unless fertile eggs are to be produced.

The remaining birds can be fattened for additional 25 days. These are dressed (cleaned) and sold as broilers. During the fattening period, light should be restricted from 6-8 hours a day to improve meat quality.

The crude protein requirement requirements are 28%, 24% and 26% at its chick, grower and layer stages, respectively.

Other factors to be considered

Egg laying starts on the average of 45 days from hatching. The production cycle lasts for 300-320 days. During this stage, maintain a steady supply of fresh and clean water. Extra light up to midnight may be given to allow the birds to consume feeds.

Quail manure has high ammonia content due to the high protein level in quail feeds. It should be removed daily to avoid discomfort to the birds. A manure receptacle should be placed under the cage.

Chicken feeds are not advisable to feed the quails. It will result to high mortality rates and uneven growth. It can also result to stoppage of laying eggs.

High laying efficiency is equals to correct consumption of protein in every level. Chick stage-7g/day (Japanese), 10 g/day (American); for growing stage 17 grams -32 grams; and laying stage 23 grams-45 grams per day.

Health maintenance should be considered from day one until the maturity of the quails. There is no known morbid disease affecting them except respiratory disorder with very low mortality rate. Proper sanitation should be observed and followed with regular cleaning and disinfection. Vitamin premix can be added to drinking water to promote growth and improve laying performance.

Marketing eggs should have the availability of market outlets. This will ensure the regular orders of quail eggs. For small-scale/backyard raising, eggs can be placed in a basket and marketed fresh. Large-scale operation requires cartoon boxes with special dividers to avoid breakage of the eggs.

Storing the eggs in a cool dry place with proper air circulation can keep the eggs fresh for seven days.

Broilers, on the other hand, are treated as secondary product in quail raising Dressed birds are chilled and sold by the dozen or kilo. Restaurants, especially those that promote French cuisine fancy the meat of quail broilers for a special menu called quail souffle.

Male quails can also be sold, as well as the feathers and dung for additional income.

So, are you ready for this kind of livelihood? Please comment.

American Quail Raising

Filipino Dish on Quail Eggs

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Comments 28 comments

bacville profile image

bacville 6 years ago from Manila, Philippines

Quails are also good as pets. When I have enough money, I will buy and raise a dozen.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 6 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

Try eating first the eggs. It's only ten pesos per 10 eggs.


Arian Rey profile image

Arian Rey 5 years ago from Pearl of the Orient Seas (PHILIPPINES)

Wild quails in the Philippines gradually diminish due to excessive bird hunting.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 5 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

Can you still catch one of those wild quails? I still can. LOL! After or even during light rain, those birds are just low-flying ones and you can have a merry chase if you want to catch one.


Akuh Emmanuel 4 years ago

Quail is one of miraculous bird i have ever seen,am glad when some one introduce me to it.Presently i rear over 200 in my home.The are wonderful creatures.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@Akuh Emmanuel: Thanks for appreciating my effort.


precile 3 years ago

were planning to go into quail raising,but its not easy as we read,we have to do more research,unfortunately we talk to the farm we can buy quail,,

whew! the minimum order is 1000 pcs. and its cost 25 pesos each.

we know that you have to put up a thousand of peso just to start this project,,,,


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 3 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@precile: Thank you for finding this hub. Really? You can also find another quail breeder who would sell @ lower amount.

I searched -quail breeders in the philippines- and it pointed me to awixmedalla of San Fernando, Cebu, Philippines (CP#09167625756).

From where are you? You can email him (awixmedalla@yahoo.com) if you're interested.


oladele aniyi 3 years ago

for your fresh quail egg and quail birds call 0805532992 or 07030793266


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 3 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@oladele aniyi: Thank you for this valuable information. I am sure those interested will contact you ASAP.


estoy 3 years ago

i am looking forward to raise quail farm. anyone can assist me? where can i buy quail birds in Bicol Region?thanks and best regards


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 3 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@ estoy: Please check agri-pinoy site and vast information regarding quail suppliers are in there.


benitez rico 3 years ago

estoy if u ned quail contact me from naga


benitez rico 3 years ago

hi travel man . estoy contact me if u want quail


benitez rico 3 years ago

these is my # 09471970012 from naga


Ramoncito J Esperat 2 years ago

I am from Rosario, Cavite, Philippines,

where can I buy quail for egg production?


Lanzer Angeles 2 years ago

Hi Quail enthusiast .I also planning to raise a quail for egg production.

Is there anyone here could help me. I'm from San Pablo City laguna.here is my number 09197229381.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 2 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@benitez rico: Thanks, but not now. I wrote this hub to inform readers about the benefits of raising quails.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 2 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@Ramoncito J Esperat: A fellow Bicolano, has provided his cp #09471970012 from Naga City. You can contact him for more info about quail production.


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 2 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@Lancer Angeles: You can also contact Mr. Rico Benitez about it.


marlon 2 years ago

Hi.I'm marlon from davao city...where can i buy quail chicks...tnx...pls reach me thru my mobile no. 09999915710


travel_man1971 profile image

travel_man1971 2 years ago from Bicol, Philippines Author

@marlon: Here's what I've searched Marlon. Sorry if I don't have time texting you. I'm just happy to help you through this link.

We are selling day-old quail chicks to small scale quail raisers on order basis.

Prices of quail chicks differ depending on headcount of chicks ordered:

150 heads and up ---- P35.00 each

100 heads --------------P40.00 each

50-99 heads------------P50.00 each

Quail chicks will be available in 20 days after you placed your orders.

WORRY-FREE SINCE YOU DON'T HAVE TO PAY UPFRONT.

Pay in cash soon as you receive the quail chicks all in good physical/health condition.

Please contact: Leo Bautista landline-3218824 smart -09098558052


benitez rico 18 months ago

I'm selling Quail

day old 1-200 heads 10 pesos each

1-500 heads 9 pesos each

10 days old 1-200 heads 15 pesos each

35 days old female 35 pesos each.

fertile egg 4 pesos each

order now at 09471970012 naga city


benitez rico naga city cam sur 18 months ago

who wants to try Quail (pugo) eggs ballut order now minimum 100 eggs

09471970012


benitez rico 18 months ago

6 pesos each Quail ballut


Rico b0y 8 months ago

Raising quail from cam sur 09471970012 09295195970


Rico b0y 7 months ago

Looking quail chick 09471970012. 09295195970

Native chicken day old naga city


Rico b0y 7 months ago

Want to try quail balut 09471970012 09295195970

Rabbit's for sales

Native chicken cam sur

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