A Reason for Writing at an Internet Site

The Hierarchy of Needs contributed by Wafiy Akmal, (Nov. 2013)

Do Internet Authors Experience Transcendence at Writing Sites?

As authors and writers, which are two distinctive traits and qualities of the field of writing, become members of a writing site do they have the opportunity to experience transcendence? Transcendence simply means to have existence beyond the normal or physical level. Does that mean it is a spiritual experience? Could it mean an evolving experience? This author is not sure, yet is willing to discover, explore, and share.

We know what transcendence basically is and we know what each of us is seeking to do with writing an internet article. Why yes, communicate something in some manner. Does motivation occur at a writing site? Most certainly yes that occurs. We strive to write something with the hope of being read by others while each of us has our own unique reasons why. Basic motivation says we simply desire to do something or things. When an individual acts upon stimuli to receive a reward a behavior is formed.

Stimuli → Motivation → Action → Act → Reward

Once one article has been written, published, and read then that process has occurred. Applying the quality of transcendence all one needs to do to transcend is do something else. Internet writing sites offer this through many means or methods. Firstly, write another article, publish, and experience it being read. However, most if not all writing sites offer the luxury of transcendence with privilege as members through

  • Social interactions – commenting
  • Offering a review status with an accolade or similar device for appraisal
  • Other opportunities such as HubPages, Squidoo, Wizzley, and others offer with forums
  • Hubpages also offers a question section offering opportunity to interact with answers

Use: It is only being used to illustrate the article in question
Use: It is only being used to illustrate the article in question | Source

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs or Deficiencies

Best known for creating a symbolic pyramid – Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs or Deficiencies, Abraham Maslow (1908 – 1970) was a humanist and prolific psychologist. His career life as a psychologist, researcher, and professor offered to him teaching positions at distinguished learning institutions beginning the year 1937 at Brooklyn College.

He also taught at Brandeis University, New School for Social Research, and Columbia University. His greatest work as an experimental psychologist and researcher is his humanist approach to “Self Actualization.” He openly questioned, "Why don't more people self-actualize if their basic needs are met? How can we humanistically understand the problem of evil?"

His continued research led to what has been used with both individual psychology and social psychology - the Motivation Model of Self-Actualization or Maslow’s Pyramid of Needs and Deficiencies. Its application has been extensively used with individuals of all walks of life, group dynamics, business, education, and more. The premise of this theory is that there are levels of needs we transcend toward self-actualization while fulfilling those needs one level at a time. However, moving through those levels will be a constant while seeking self-actualization. As or when each lower level’s needs are met or stabilized transcendence to the next level of needs may occur or has capacity to occur.

Following next is that symbolic representation of his development. A moment or two of examination with thought will offer a better understanding and help with the purpose of this internet article. Below that are several links to his theory and theory usage in today’s societies.

Abraham Maslow's Basic Pyramid of Hierarchy of Needs

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Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported | Source

What is Self-Actualization?

Although used in psychology in different manners by researchers and theorists self-actualization in essence is the result of the motive of an individual [Entity, Organism, Organization, and etc.] to become or realize its fullest potential. We have discovered that desire to do something is motivation. We have motive. The action, the behavior, resulting from that motive leads to a reward. In theory that reward is self-actualization. Some speculate even farther back is inspiration – psychological or physiological, social or individual, human or divine, and etc.

Significant persons of this concept of study and practice began in modern thought with organismic theorist Kurt Goldstein (1934, November 6, 1878 – September 19, 1965). His holistic approach was based on Gestalt Theory and influenced Gestalt therapy.

Another influential psychologist developing self-actualization is Carl Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987). His contribution centered upon the humanistic approach like Abraham Maslow. Focusing on the person centered approach of psychology and therapy he wrote of "the curative force in psychotherapy - man's tendency to actualize himself, to become his potentialities... to express and activate all the capacities of the organism." Again, the third key person of self-actualization was Abraham Maslow.

Applying Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with Internet Writers and Authors

Examining the core of Maslow’s Theory of Needs, having perspective with motivation, and perceiving behavior we may have a recipe offering success of transcending. Hopefully that process leads upward toward self-actualization.

When an internet writer or author decides to write something they are motivated. Usually that something has meaning for – the writer, the author, the audience, and the readership? Those will have importance as we walk together upward through Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs or Deficiencies.

Here we are going to look at applying Maslow’s concept initially with the writing process occurring at the safety level. (A brief look at the first tier will follow.) We may make the leap that employment means with sociology the master status now undertaken as a writer or author. We employ ourselves as a writer firstly seeking the reward of achievement and/or accomplishment of the task. Employ means to give work to someone for pay. Pay means to receive a return for a service rendered. Generally most see this as a financial reward, yet we do receive a psychological benefit or pay too. So, essentially once the article is read a payment is received. This fulfills the requirements for being employed – self-employed.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported | Source

Level Two – Safety provides the Environment for the Employed Writer / Author

His concept emphasized the security of employment. In the example above an internet writer at any place of publication acquires that. Are the other needs met? Let’s look a little more closely. The basic pyramid shares the second level – Safety, is security of:

  • Body – to answer this one must reasonably ask, “Can physical harm result with writing at an internet site?” Most will likely say no.
  • Employment – This has been discussed above
  • Resources – Since we are writing at an internet site we have metaphorically infinite resources to complete that task. Browsers and web articles range through any age grouping, education level, profession, and well, almost all interests. Plus, the writing site itself offers resources “how to” do the process as well as act upon various opportunities – self learning, social interactions, group formation, and even venturing outside to other opportunities, i.e. blogging, websites, freelance, and more.
  • Morality – Even though internet writing sites may have a general lean – political, religion, and etc., morality, and ethics are apparent with the Terms of Service (TOS). Distinctions with morality within the confines of the TOS offers safety and too liberty of choice. One may join or create circles of social interactions tailoring their preferences for morality and those philosophies or religions they are developed from.
  • Family - The concept of family is “regarded as a major social institution and a locus of much of a person's social activity.” The most accepted definition for family is the immediate family both lived while growing up, presently in household, and social interaction with blood relatives. Both of those may easily be met as a writer or author at an internet writing site, while generally no harm is presented to the security of that status.
  • Health – Even though today’s modern thought has migrated toward the concept of wellness and its integral parts (For interest easily follow this link to the National Wellness Institute) we may answer this with Health is not threatened, therefore has a state of safety surrounding it. There are the exceptions of mental or emotional health/wellness since it is mental or cognitive activity, however as an adult site personal cognize must be considered.
  • Property – The TOS of the internet sites do have distinctions of copyright regarding intellectual property rights at times, yet generally speaking the copyright of intellectual property is owned by a writer or author. Therefore, security of property does exist, [baring criminal acts, which do exist in any society].

Did We Meet the First Level Needs? Does that Affect the Second Level?

However, did we firstly fulfill the first level before entering upon the second level. As an individual or organizationally if we do not fulfill the lower level will that individual have actually transcended to the next level? Most likely that shall be answered by each unique individual with their own sense of values and worth. For now let’s briefly review the first level seeking personal answers presenting opportunity for learning. In essence are you meeting these biological needs . . .?

Obviously we must be breathing when we are writing, even though some may have challenges, e.g. asthma, bronchitis, or even smoking. How many writers or authors haven’t eaten while writing? Most internet writers or authors do have meals as a generality, so need of food is fulfilled. Water usually is available, although quality or source will vary. We may make the leap that a soda, juice, tea, coffee, beer, and etc. will fit this bill while for some a real necessity (where’s my coffee cup).

Sex is an oddity some may ponder as a need. Since it is used here within psychology most likely as adults this need is met in some manner, (for more information of Sex as psychological, biological, and a social term see this link). Yes, implications of debate with philosophy, religion, social, political, and etc. may exist. This author offers the position as this pyramid is seeking the individual first, then each individual would best ask of “Self” seeking their “own” answer.

Sleep would seem as a given as we most meet that need in some manner. Even though frequency and length may vary for a writer or author affecting efficiency, cognition, and creativity. To accomplish the task of writing sleep must take place. Homeostasis says simply regulating and balancing these parts of the first level needs to occur. The last is excretion and most know will occur with food and water unless there is a medical or health / wellness cause.

Franciszek Zmurko - In delightful dream

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Will Transcendence Occur Leading toward Self-Actualization

With the review of the first two levels of Maslow’s theory as the model for seeking Self-Actualization one concludes the premise presented is met. Yes, if the first level needs are met and the next acted upon with these;

  1. The internet writer / author has a means via PC or Laptop
  2. Does have internet access
  3. Is a member of an internet writing site
  4. Writes at least one article or socially interacts, e.g. comments

Then certainly it appears transcendence does lead toward self-actualization. Quite simply that writer or author has transcended from level one to level two. And there are more opportunities ahead seeking self-actualization.


The future beyond levels one and two are shown with the image of symbolic pyramid. As those are visited and evaluated by an individual’s sensibilities, values, and worth the pathway becomes clearer toward self-actualization. We will adapt as well as create within life on that journey. After all writing and authoring is a creative process. Just like a painter creating paintings seeking her/his own masterpiece(s) representing their own self-actualization with transcendence a writer or author diligently strives with the means available to achieve, to rise upward, and to become.

There are three more levels to master as a writer or author at an internet writing site. Those are:

  1. Love and Belonging – Friendship, Family, and Sexual Intimacy
  2. Esteem – Self Esteem, Confidence, Achievement, Respect of Others, Respect by Others
  3. Self-Actualization – Morality, Creativity, Spontaneity, Problem Solving, Lack of Prejudice, Acceptance of Facts

Peering upon Learning and Writing

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With research and study one may discover Maslow himself did transcend seeking Self-Actualization with his very own model. Later, with further research, theorizing, and verification he changed his model (1970). He expanded it with three more levels while delineating some of the other levels with closer acuity. Today, his model follows along with:

  • Biological and Physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.
  • Safety needs - protection from elements, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc.
  • Social Needs (Once labeled Belonging) - Belongingness and Love, - work group, family, affection, relationships, etc.
  • Esteem needs - self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc.
  • Cognitive needs - knowledge, meaning, etc.
  • Aesthetic needs - appreciation and search for beauty, balance, form, etc.
  • Self-Actualization needs - realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.
  • Transcendence needs - helping others to achieve self-actualization.

This alone demonstrates his principal and theory. We discover as we seek Self-Actualization change will occur as it is inevitable. Most, this author believes, hopes and act seeking self-actualization. The new model pinnacle for the symbolic representation as a pyramid offers that hope at both the individual and social levels – helping others to achieve . . .

© 2014 Tim Mitchell

More by this Author


Ericdierker profile image

Ericdierker 2 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.


Frank Atanacio profile image

Frank Atanacio 2 years ago from Shelton

Tsmog, this is a writing tool well worth the save and share :) yeah well written and clear and concise voted useful

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hello Eric. Thank you for the visit. I very much appreciate your comment and your time with reading this essay hub. I like your response seeing much value with it. Again . . . thank you.


tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hi! Frank. I very much appreciate your comment as well your time reading this essay hub. I respect your views and am thankful for the sharing. I hope you have a pleasant day!


Sannel 2 years ago

Thank you for a well-researched and thoroughly article. It was particular interesting to read about the research and theory of Abraham Maslow. Well done! As always, dear friend you have left me with a few thoughts to ponder.

Jodah profile image

Jodah 2 years ago from Queensland Australia

Interesting essay Tim. Yes, I think writers do experience some form of transcendence by being involved in Internet writing sites. There are feelings of acceptance, satisfaction and appreciation that all help to lift your spirits above the norm. Your choice of subjects is infinite and can far transcend anything you may experience in your 'real life'. When I finish writing a hub hera e I feel like saying, "Beam me up Scotty." This is a well written hub and much food for thought.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you Jodah for the visit and too, the comment. Those both are appreciated bringing a smile. I agree when completing a hub if "Scotty did beam us up or does?" well, we simply are just going beyond.


ubanichijioke profile image

ubanichijioke 2 years ago from Lagos

A well researched and flawlessly written article. it made an interesting read. I am still trying to fix my mind on the benefits of writing for an online site. At my own calling, i will intimate you of my findings. but for now, I will say it aint worth it. I have my reasons though.

good job!

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hello Unanichijioke. Thank you for the observations and comment. I appreciate both. Regarding benefits I agree with you those are bottom line decisions for each individual in most cases. As the article points out there are returns on the time and effort invested as equal to financial rewards, yet motive must be taken into consideration for each individual. Those are unique to each in my humble view. I would think purpose may be one of many determinate factors. Again, thank you for your time and consideration reading and comment :)


tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you Sannel for visiting and your observations and comment. I appreciate your continued support reading and sharing with these articles. I hope you have a great day and I look forward to your blog contributions too!


glassvisage profile image

glassvisage 2 years ago from Northern California

Wow! This is a brilliant Hub, one that I wish I read a long time ago. I had never made the connection to Maslow's theory, but it seems so clear the way you explain it. For me, I know one of the things I love about online writing is the almost-immediate feedback I get, similar to posting a status or photo on Facebook and seeing the reactions. I wouldn't be happy without that connection to society.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hello glassvisage :) Thank you so much for your comment. I appreciate it immensely. I too like that interaction with the reading audience through feedback. As this article shares that offers discovery of self-actualization with Maslow's third level being Love and Belonging as a need. Thank you for pointing that out with a great example. Do have a great day . . .


mochirajackson profile image

mochirajackson 2 years ago from Liverpool, United Kingdom

Hi Tim,

I enjoyed reading this - I sometimes question why I write. I believe it is because of self-actualization - reaching out to a wider audience and also to socialize and meet new people. I work from home most of the time and it is great to join a writing site as it's a chance to meet some really nice people. Thanks for sharing x

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you mochirajackson for reading and your kind comment. I agree with being self-actualization as a primal reason for writing both personal and socially. Climbing stairs or mountains becoming possibilities or achieving potentials offers esteem with gratification. Do have a good day there in the UK :) I hear the sun has been sharing its warmth as spring enters.


mochirajackson profile image

mochirajackson 2 years ago from Liverpool, United Kingdom

Thanks Tim. You have a good day too. It was lovely here last Sunday (mother's day in the UK) but unfortunately it has gone a little bit dull now and we have had sand blown in from the sahara which has mixed with pollution to cause some problems - it's given me a dry, itchy cough but I look forward to more sunshine, fingers crossed.

Take care,

Mochira x

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Your welcome. Fingers crossed :)


KenDeanAgudo profile image

KenDeanAgudo 2 years ago from Tiwi, Philippines

Wow amazing! You are a prolific writer and your words really catch my attention. To be honest, english is not my native language and i find your words very deeps and it makes me "bleed" lol but I feel challenge reading it. I know I will learn something new here.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you Ken . . . I appreciate the visit and the comment. Please have a great day :)

Charla 2 years ago

That's a sharp way of thkniing about it.

Venkatachari M profile image

Venkatachari M 2 years ago from Hyderabad, India

Awesome writing. I find no more superb words to appreciate your work. There is much to learn from you. Thanks for sharing it.

Voted up and awesome. Sharing on H+ and G+ also.

ZRadach profile image

ZRadach 2 years ago from Houston

As far as I know, Maslow's heirarchy--as well as lots of other things in the "scientific field" of psych-ology/-iatry remains conjecture... deduction/induction, and hardly objective, and loosly empirical, typically... especially older stuff, like, before lots of the common objective measures now were even measurable, e.g. Freud/Maslow.

Although maslow's stuff is farily practical and does seem like a good way to structure one's psychology... it's pretty hard to refute or say that it is definitively harmful. I used it to guide much of my life, or so I thought, for quite some time.

great hub! =D

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you venkatachari M. I am very appreciative. Do have a great day :-)

tsmog profile image

tsmog 2 years ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you for sharing ZRadach. Thank you for commenting too. Yes, assuredly Maslow and others led to where we are today especially with social-psychology. Seems yesterday many times leads today toward tomorrow and then wondrously change occurs.

AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 23 months ago from California

This is just an excellent article Tim. I think writers certainly move toward self actualization as they write the pieces that most move them internally--transcendence? I'll have to think about it

PegCole17 profile image

PegCole17 23 months ago from Dallas, Texas

Ah yes, to realize our fullest potential. I've read many profiles of writers here and elsewhere who state that they always wanted to write or be an author and now they have that opportunity with online writing. When we get validation through the comment section it helps encourage us to write more. I think you've struck an important chord here with correlating Internet writing with self actualization. Interesting article.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 23 months ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you AudreyHowitt for reading and commenting. Its value is immense! Do have a most pleasant and adventurous 'next' and tomorrow arriving upon transcendence . . .

tsmog profile image

tsmog 23 months ago from Escondido, CA Author

Thank you PegCole17 :-) How is Roy and the adventure with the Chevy. I must share I was a little envious when you shared 'Dyno Tuning'. I miss that type of adventures seeking transcendence of a 'type or kind', while am still fascinated the venture or the path remains the same . . . just different.

Thank you so much for reading and sharing of yourself. The pathway has been walked and 'transcendence' has occurred while continues . . . blessings one may ponder :-)

Mel Carriere profile image

Mel Carriere 21 months ago from San Diego California

The difference between living and existing is contained in this self-actualization process. I have never heard it articulated in this manner before. Thank you for this education experience. Great hub.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 21 months ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hello Mel Carriere. Delighted to meet you especially being a San Diegan :-) I thank you for offering a cause for me to read what I wrote, which achieves one as another did read it. I learned too. Thank you for providing that gift. Do have a great day and keep your eye on the new Stadium for our Chargers. Who knows, eh?

Glenn Stok profile image

Glenn Stok 19 months ago from Long Island, NY

Interesting way to explain the difference between an author and a writer. If I understood you correctly the idea is that authors are published writers who develop transcendence to continue to exist beyond their lifetime, and writers are those who put thoughts into words even if only for the short term span of time. You didn't say it that way but that's what I got out of it, which is an interesting thought. And it makes sense for the most part.

I have published three paperback books and with that I consider myself an author. I have also written hundreds of articles in various places, online and offline. And with those I guess I can call myself a writer.

Now, the question is, do I achieve transcendence from both my books and my articles? Or only from one or the other? You gave me something to think about.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 19 months ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hello Glenn. Thank you for taking the time to read and comment. A ways back it in a writing class over and over we were told an author is anyone who causes something to be in existence. That can range from a painting, a musical composition, a sculpture, and etc., even though not commonly used today. Importantly was in regard to responsibility for a created work. So, in essence kinda' is if I write something on my PC it is just a written work until I seek or someone publishing it and navigate that pathway for the work. It is then I become its author. That is how I learned to differ between a writer and an author. Others views may differ.

Transcendence as an writer/author and transcendence as a person may be two different views. Possibly a way to view it is authoring as a writer or even just writing is a vehicle while seeking transcendence as an individual. It could be another facet of life too for that vehicle. I hope you do gain new insights pondering those questions you revealed. Truly a journey I both feel and think :-)

Glenn Stok profile image

Glenn Stok 19 months ago from Long Island, NY

Thanks for your reply Tim. These are new insights to ponder for sure.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 19 months ago from Escondido, CA Author

Your welcome Glenn. I must ponder those again too especially with the transition toward being a content writer vs. being a creative writer. Something to ponder for sure. :-)

Glenn Stok profile image

Glenn Stok 19 months ago from Long Island, NY

I wouldn't separate the two Tim. One has to be creative in order to be a good content writer. So you can be both. :-)

Sparrowlet profile image

Sparrowlet 11 months ago from Massachusetts, USA

Wonderful review of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which I well remember studying in college and again in grad school. You did a great job laying it out in a way that even those not in the field can follow it. Interesting how you tie this into the phenomenon of creativity/authorship/writing. Great hub!

tsmog profile image

tsmog 11 months ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hello and thank you very much Sparrowlet! His work has always stuck with me since study a few semesters of psychology and sociology. I like Plutchik's wheel too. Transcendence I think is very significant for us writers creating a finished work - informational, prose, and poetry.

Nellieanna profile image

Nellieanna 10 months ago from TEXAS

I've been a Maslow follower for years after discovering him long after college when I devoured history, philosophy, psychology, eastern religions and various other fields of study on my own, while writing poetry constantly.

I don't believe I've read a more interesting application of his Hierarchy of Needs, and you've brought updated ideas into it. Well done.

tsmog profile image

tsmog 10 months ago from Escondido, CA Author

Hello Nillieanna!! Good to see you. Thank you for your kind words :-) They are appreciated . . .

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