Development of culture
The development of culture is a continuous process. Although culture develops trait by trait, a culture is actually a patterning interdependent trait complexes. The accumulated cultures are haded down from one generation to another on the one hand, new element from other cultures are introduced through accommodation, diffusion, contact etc., on the other, and culture progresses as a result of their unification. The existing developed cultures of any country is a result of these processes carried out over a period of hundred and thousands of years. In this development the rate of progress is net uniform. At times, it may be slow or study or in some times it is relatively fast. The progress in cultural growth does not takes place unless there are people with the required initiative. Otherwise, there will be no growth and the society may stagnate. Further, it may also be noted that for cultural development, men must become discontented with some of the many things as they are, and provided by their discontent, have been led to find a way out.
It is necessary to understand the following processes of cultural growth, in order to understand cultural growth properly.
It is the spread of cultural element from one society to another. The cultural elements are only addition to the earlier. For this spread there need not be continuous physical contact of the cultures questioned, but due to in direct contact also the cultures diffuse into other cultures.
The following features help in diffusion process.
- Competition withhold trends and their opposition.
- The desire and need for new traits.
- Contact and communication between the two cultures and
- Respect for those who invent new traits.
Acculturation: It involves culture change and development in a particular culture. It is due to continuous first hand contact with each other. The earlier cultural elements are substituted by the new cultures.
Transculturation: It involves the exchange of cultural item due to continuous first hand contact between two cultural items.
Enculturation: The process by which an individual learns the cultural elements of its society by observation and experiences.
More by this Author
According to anthropologists of 19th century, Culture is earlier and Civilization is later. Everything created by man is culture, civilization is an advanced state of cultural development. Difference between Culture and...
Culture is the embodiment in customs, traditions etc. of the learning of a social group over the generation. It is the complex whole that consists of everything we think and do and have as members of society.
Socialization is one of the most important social processes in every human society. With out socialization the human beings would not be able to participate on group life and develop the human characteristics. The...