How Canadian First Nations Discovered America

Descendants of the Discoverers of America

Source

Original Discovery By Eastern Hemisphere Peoples

In anthropological research, First Nations of Canada and US "Indians" are all Native North Americans, from the North Pole to the bottom of Mexico. DNA. language, and cultural evidence links them not only with each other along a wide range of percentages, but also with peoples of Asian countries, Northern Europe (i.e. Sammi), and islands of Oceana. Mohawk Nation even has links to Africa's Zulu peoples.

One interesting item connecting many ethnic peoples is the art of cedar wood carving found in ancient cultures globally.

In 2009, a substantial number of articles, both professional and citizen opinion, about the discovery of what we call "The New World" and "America" were published.

At the same time, the three-pronged partnership of IBM, The Smithsonian Institution, and National Geographic in the Genographic Project connected much genetic evidence for the actual migration of humans from their origins to the ends of the earth that include the Western Hemisphere, Greenland, and even Iceland (Reference: A Native American lineage in Iceland, The American Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA).

Coast Salish Peoples

Squamish, Coast Salish, leaders on North Vancouver dock in 1906.
Squamish, Coast Salish, leaders on North Vancouver dock in 1906. | Source

"All My Relations" - Native Proverb

Like it not, all humans are related, divergent only along certain lines, and racial differences are statistically insignificant, according to the Project findings. Surprising links were found among a sample of New Yorkers in a televised segment of the Project, many participants related to racial or ethnic subgroups they had never imagined would be relations.

All the dots around the globe are not yet fully connected, and the Project strives onward into the future. Certain questions remain:

Questions of Native North American Migrations

  • DNA and human migration research from the 1970s has not been fully examined. Did an African group actually migrate to Wales and proceed to the vicinity of Stonehenge? Did they, as the book claims, bring with them stones they cut for the construction by way of rollers? A text from the 1970s traced blood types found in Africa and Wales, other genetic materials, and records of artifacts and other signs of human migration from Africa to Wales in a book called The Black Irish and it needs to be re-examined. Interestingly, in Richard Webber's The Welsh Diaspora: Analysis of the geography of Welsh names we see that a significant percentage of African Americans have Welsh surnames, when the Welsh rarely owned slaves in America. This suggests Africans living in Wales of old.
  • Why do Indigenous Peoples most often name themselves only "The People" or other denotations such as The People That Were Always Here, The First People, The First and Only People, and similar? Have they forgotten their long-ago migration history or have people instantaneously appeared in several places at once at origin?
  • Are the Basque in France and Spain related to anyone else at all?
  • What about the New Zealand group that was found initially (in 2005) by National Geographic and the Smithsonian Human Genome Project to be unrelated to other humans?
  • Did certain ethnic groups, such as some peoples of New Zealand migrate in circles and go back to whence they came, or did they move on?

Some First Nations People

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Tlingit today in the Canadian Yukon. Also found in Alaska.Haida brass band in 1906. Kwakiutl people of the Pacific Northwest.Tsimshian People
Tlingit today in the Canadian Yukon. Also found in Alaska.
Tlingit today in the Canadian Yukon. Also found in Alaska. | Source
Haida brass band in 1906.
Haida brass band in 1906. | Source
Kwakiutl people of the Pacific Northwest.
Kwakiutl people of the Pacific Northwest. | Source
Tsimshian People
Tsimshian People | Source
Old political cartoon referencing moving Native Americans back to the West during and after the American Civil War.
Old political cartoon referencing moving Native Americans back to the West during and after the American Civil War. | Source

Some Histories Are Inaccurate

Vikings, Christopher Columbus, Americus Vespucius, the Portuguese/Italian/Spanish contingent together, the French, the English -- None of these discovered the Western Hemisphere for the first time.

Other peoples of Northern European and Northern Asian descent were already here.

The discovering peoples walked eastward from the other half of the world over centuries of time. Some say that the Chinese peoples were the first on North American soil.

It is likely that the farthest to the north and east would be the first to walk across the ancient Bering Land Bridge in what is now Alaska - these people would be the Altai in Siberia (Russia), Northeastern Chinese, Japanese, and peoples in North and South Korea.

The Chinese were part of a larger Northern Asian group(s) that walked across around 12,000 - 10,000 BC or even as early as 53,000 - 40,000 BC according to anthropological theories and some archeological evidence.

The first peoples to migrate to North America comprised Northern Europeans like the Sami, Asians that became Canada's First Nations and American Inuits, et.al., and the US Pacific Northwest's Native Americans. They seemed to have fanned out into the New World and mixed with others that came across the Pacific and Atlantic later in history. The Creole people are distinctly well-mixed and beautiful, for instance.

The Bering Land Bridge Is a National Park

Bering Land Bridge Natural Preserve

A markerBering Strait -
Bering Strait
[get directions]

This is the site of the ancient icy walkway from Northern Russia into Canada and Alaska.

The Bering Land Bridge area is the only US National Park that has reindeer herding.

Bering Land Bridge Area

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Reindeer herd on a beach in the park.Serpentine Hot Springs in the autumn.Bunkhouse for workers.
Reindeer herd on a beach in the park.
Reindeer herd on a beach in the park. | Source
Serpentine Hot Springs in the autumn.
Serpentine Hot Springs in the autumn. | Source
Bunkhouse for workers.
Bunkhouse for workers. | Source

Voyages in 1724 and 1741 confirmed what many people living on the Chukchi Peninsula already knew. That there was land and even people across the water; people who had been trading and traveling across the Bering Strait for thousands of years.

— Bering Land Bridge Park - The Bering Land Bridge Theory

Truth Does Not Remain Hidden

As some Chinese say, "Truth burns through."

There is no dodging this point: Northern Asians, along with some Northern Europeans were first to settle in North America.

Later ethnic groups discovered the New World for their own countries, but not for the first time overall. Indigenous People count for something and they discovered the New World first. This should be acknowledged in children's textbooks. It would be well to acknowledge it in Sunday School and church as well, because Christ was part Israeli and part African - at the very least. He was not white, nor 100% Black as some claim.

Much propaganda pointed to the Yellow Peril of Asia in the first half of the 20th Century and some of it has never died. However, some folks do not want to be related to any other races at all and if they are, will not admit the fact. I think it is a non-issue that should die. Despite contrariwise evidence, some folks claim Indigenous Peoples don't count as people and can't possibly be related to themselves. I know people right now that are hiding their ethnic heritages, because they feel ashamed of them. I hope one day, these injustices pass.

One side effect of advancing technologies and shrinking global distances and communication times is that we are finding many more connections than in previous centuries. Some of them are surprising, and not everyone enjoys them.

The Genographic Project and mitochondrial DNA trace humans to Africa, while some churches trace them to Iraq, where they feel the Garden of Eden originated. While it is a standard human and investigations error that people want to connect up everything, even things that are not connected, it seems relatively sure that humans originated in Africa or in Africa close to the Middle East and spread out through migration.

The Tower of Babel was the proverbial site of the confusion/differentiation of languages, or the languages changed over time and distance. People migrated; otherwise, different groups of humankind sprang up independently.

Native Americans did not hatch independently -- Their genetic material, except for one marker, exists elsewhere. Even their metabolic handling of beverage alcohol is the same as that of the Chinese and other Asian groups, but different from that of Whites and of Blacks (part of the research literature since the 1980s).

Perhaps Europeans stumbled onto the Western Hemisphere in their quest for new resources for their own peoples, but none of them discovered the North, Central, and South American Continents for humankind proper. Interestingly, the much searched-for Northwest Passage was at last completely open in 2008, proof available in NASA satellite photos. Perhaps we can finally use that route for a few years until it refreezes - we as people searched for it for so long.

Africa and the Middle East

Fear of Genocide

While genetic connections are interesting, they are useful for tracing possible diseases and hereditary conditions for oursevles as well as our children, grandchildren, and additional generations down the line. These connections can lead to research that can result in a cure for some of them, so they are important.  

Anyone that wishes to prove or disprove racial and ethnic lineage can do so pretty thoroughly with genetic testing, although it is likely not 100% accurate. Some prefer simply not to know.

The reasons for hiding ethnicity are incomprehensible to me at this date. During WWII, one could be slaughtered for Israeli heritage, for example. Some ethnic groups around the world tpday are targeted for destruction via genocide in warts. Perhaps all humankind fears this down to our roots of survival. 

Science Fiction and Speculative Literature

In regard to all of this information on migration and the origins of humanity, certain groups stand by their belief that humankind was seeded from some other planets.

The premise of "space seeds" is the theme of many TV shows and movies, including the 2015 film with Mila Kunis and Channing Tatum, Jupiter Ascending.

The belief has saturated world literature, films, and TV.

© 2009 Patty Inglish

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Comments & Ideas 7 comments

Hmrjmr1 profile image

Hmrjmr1 7 years ago from Georgia, USA

We are far more alike than we are different. Great Hub!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 7 years ago from North America Author

Thanks Hmrjmr1. Always nice to hear from you and I enjoy reading about your good work.


artrush73 profile image

artrush73 7 years ago

Great article :) thanks for sharing. I thought that the first once were the Templars came to America.


maven101 profile image

maven101 7 years ago from Northern Arizona

I should think that when discussing discovery one would include the indigenous peoples as a part of that discovery...the implication is that the entirety of the discovery is now known to the rest of the world...The old saw " If a tree falls in a forest and there is nobody around to hear it, etc.. " applies here...

Interesting Hub with some challenging speculation re man's heritage and origins...Thank you, Larry


Sandyspider profile image

Sandyspider 7 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

Lots of interesting information. Nice Hub.


Marianne 6 years ago

I don't care what is thought to be true. All creation stories that were passed down in all tribes in America don't have ONE story about a huge migration and I believe that if such a thing took place, it would have been documented by stories. In my tribes' creation story, people were made here THEN put to live elsewhere. Meaning, I think the migration was from America, outward.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

DNA markers are good evidence of migration so far, and I'm part Native-American, so thanks for you point of view. There is no doubt that all people are related in the end - except for perhaps the Basque and a group in New Zealand (we'll see infuture).

It may not matter in which direction people migrated,if at all. But too may evidences are that people living around and south of the Arctic Circle in the Eastern Hemisphere came across the Bering Strait and after 100s and 1000s of years, moved down into the southern tip of South Amerca and back up into the Ohio Valley, while some groups moved more West to East and were driven back to the West. At the same time, a large human error in research is thinking that things are connected up when they are not. Looks like at least two "brands" of human existed at the same time at some point.

The Great Flood seems documented in many cultures, and if "people" started over again with Noah and his family, then we began in Tibet.

The tribes to which I am related have only stories of creation generally on Earth, after mud was brought up from the ocean bottom by an animal, often a turtle. Migration is only mentioned as searching for new sources of food.

It would be interesting to learn that "people" started in North America -- It is true that many Indigenous People believe that they started where they are now are very close by.

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    Patty Inglish, MS profile image

    Patty Inglish (Patty Inglish, MS)6,755 Followers
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    Over 25 years successful experience in Medicine; Health- and I/O Psychology; STEM, STEAM and other education, research, and sports training.



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