Keraton Yogyakarta - Preserves the Existence of Javanese Culture .

 Keraton Yogyakarta .
Keraton Yogyakarta . | Source

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A markeryogyakarta -
Yogyakarta, Indonesia
[get directions]

The Map of Yogyakarta city.

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Yogjakarta.

Yogjakarta is a historical city in Central Java as well as the capital city of Yogjakarta Special Area. Yes, Yogjakarta has been given an exception among few other provinces in the country as a Special Area due to its historical role and position when this kingdom united with Indonesian Republic.

As a special area, Yogyakarta is culturally, traditionally, and administratively lead by Sultan Hamengku Buwono as the King of the Ngayogyakarto Sultanate as well as the Governor and Pakualam as the Vice Governor of Yogyakarta Special Area.

As a king, Sultan Hamengku Buwono lives in a palace which is in Javanese called Keraton.

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Unique Ancestry of Yogjakarta .

Yogyakarta Sultanate had inherited two generations of Mataram Kingdoms : Old Mataram which passed on Hindu relics and Modern Mataram which brought Islam to the people of Yogyakarta.

The Old Mataram was established in 8th century with Sanjaya as the first king. King Sanjaya embraced Hinduism and erected some phenomenal constructions including Candi Perambanan (Perambanan Temples) which can still elegantly be found today in Perambanan area, around 20 km from Yogyakarta city.

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Another famous Mataram King who gained big name due to his success in taking Mataram into prosperous era was King Syailendra. King Syailendra had different background that he was a disciple of Budhism, this fact had given strong influence to him and one monument which was built during the rule of Syailendra dynasty was Borobudur temple, one of the biggest and stunning temple in the world so that it's declared as the world's heritage by UNESCO.

As a place for worships, Borobudur has a distinctive character from Hindu temples that it has many stupas at many parts or the temple and inside every stupa there is a statue of Budha stays in meditating position.

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Perambanan temple, one of Hindu temples erected by Mataram Dynasty.
Perambanan temple, one of Hindu temples erected by Mataram Dynasty. | Source

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Borobudur temple
Borobudur temple
Stupas at Borobudur temple, a beautiful temple which was built by Mataram King  with strong influence of Budhism. This character makes the temple different from Hindu temples like Perambanan  above.
Stupas at Borobudur temple, a beautiful temple which was built by Mataram King with strong influence of Budhism. This character makes the temple different from Hindu temples like Perambanan above. | Source

Another ancestor of Yogyakarta dynasty is Sultanate of Moslem Mataram. Moslem Mataram began to rule in 17th century under the king Sutawijaya or was also known as Panembahan Senapati who still had biological connection with a king from Majapahit Kingdom, a big ruling kingdom in East Java in the era of old Mataram.

In its historical development, Under the King Pakubuwana III, Mataram was segregated into two regions : Yogyakarta Sultanate and Kasunanan Surakarta on February 13, 1755. This segregation was known as Treaty of Giyanti (The place where the agreement was made) and it  brought consequence to separated administration with Yogyakarta Sultanate domiciled in Yogyakarta area while Kasunanan Surakarta occupied Solo or previously known as Surakarta area.

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Prince Mangkubumi became the first Sultan (King) of Yogyakarta with the title Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I.

The leadership under the clan Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono has been proceeding in Yogyakarta Sultanate until now with Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X currently holds the throne. Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X besides his position as the King of Yogyakarta, he is also the Head Of Yogyakarta Special Region or The Governor of Yogyakarta.

Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono lives and carries out his duty in the Palace called Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat  located at the downtown of Yogyakarta city.

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One side  inside Keraton Yogjakarta area.
One side inside Keraton Yogjakarta area. | Source

As it has been mentioned before, people of Yogyakarta had done a lot of meritorious actions for the country and the climax was that when  The Kingdom of Yogjakarta decided to merge with the Republic of Indonesia on August 19, 1945, just two days after this country declared its independence to join United Republic of Indonesia.

A heroic struggle against the colonialists in 1949 and nationally acknowledged as General Attack of March 1st was another proof of their role in the nation's formation. This attack had opened eyes of the world about the existence of Indonesian Army and brought stronger recognition on our independence. Yogyakartan once also donated money for the struggle and  made Yogyakarta  as a temporary capital city of Indonesia during revolution time.


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Another side  of Keraton.
Another side of Keraton. | Source

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A pair of Dwarapalas  (the other one is not seen), flank  gates  at Yogyakarta Keraton.
A pair of Dwarapalas (the other one is not seen), flank gates at Yogyakarta Keraton. | Source

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Leather puppet making, one of Javanese heritage which is also one of Keraton preservation programs.
Leather puppet making, one of Javanese heritage which is also one of Keraton preservation programs. | Source

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Two examples of royal traditional food which are served to visitors who want to try these exclusive dishes.
Two examples of royal traditional food which are served to visitors who want to try these exclusive dishes. | Source

Keraton Yogyakarta.

Keraton is the palace where Sultan Hamengku Buwono and his family live and the Office where Sultan carries out his role as the governor of Yogyakarta.

As the beneficiary of Javanese cultures, Keraton preserves dearly Javanese values including implementing them inside and outside Keraton life. Name of streets mostly use javanese letters besides roman letters. Traditional transports like andong (horse drawn vehicle) and becak (three wheeled pedicab) still have their rights to operate in Yogyakarta streets and become icons which attract many people to come.

To introduce outer part of the world to Keraton, Keraton is open for public (except the private area where the Sultan and his family live). Moreover, visitors are also possible to try all kind of traditional food, snacks and drinks that are consumed by the royal family and can be ordered from a restaurant which's located inside the Keraton area.

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A set of gamelan (Javanese musical instruments)
A set of gamelan (Javanese musical instruments) | Source

Celebration and ceremonies which are related with Javanese and Islamic traditions are regularly held in the city.

Sekaten which celebrates the birth of Prophet Muhammad is one of the oldest festivities. In this celebration, carnival is held and Keraton plays its two sets of sacred gamelans (Javanese musical instruments) at the same time for the whole week and as the top and closing event all Yogyakartans and tourists will gather in the city to take part in Grebeg Muludan,the most awaited moment when all people compete to get various food spread out by the organizer. To make the occasion more festive, a variety of shows also take part during the program which the organizations are centralized at Yogyakarta northern city square.

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Statue of a Keraton soldier in its ethnic uniform.
Statue of a Keraton soldier in its ethnic uniform. | Source

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Becak Yogyakarta (Yogyakartan pedicabs)
Becak Yogyakarta (Yogyakartan pedicabs) | Source

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                           Becak and Andong,  two raditional transports in Yogyakarta which are preserved to be operational in the city amidst other modern means of transports.
Becak and Andong, two raditional transports in Yogyakarta which are preserved to be operational in the city amidst other modern means of transports. | Source

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Malioboro street
Malioboro street | Source

It's also a Place for Handy Crafts Shopping Spree.

Javanese,  Yogyakartans belong to artistic people and many famous artists come from this area.Many national and international artists like Affandi, Raden Saleh, Ronggowarsito are among well known artists and poet who were  born in Central Java.

In accordance with the conservation of Javanese arts, music and dances, Yogyakarta also facilitates students  with higher education in those fields, they can go to Institute Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta (Indonesia Institute of the Art, Yogyakarta) to study visual arts, art performances, and media arts which attract, not only local students, but also  a lot  of foreign students.

Many people with artistic talents run in their blood have made Yogyakarta a heaven for handy crafts shopping.

Quality carvings, leather creations, paintings, earth wares from Kasongan, Silver jewelry from Kota Gede,not to mention all derivatives of batik creations are among products you can buy in Yogyakarta for  reasonable prices. It's widely known that batik from Yogyakarta and some other cities along Java coasts are the bests.

To find a place in Yogyakarta where you can find most of craft products are sold is just go to Malioboro street, a street down town Yogyakarta which is also the icon of the city for local crafts shopping, .

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Comments 10 comments

Daydreamer Too 5 years ago

A very good, informative and colourful read about the history of Yogjakarta and its culture. Beauitful photographs too.

Voted up!


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 5 years ago from Indonesia Author

Hi Daydreamer Too, I'm glad to read your appreciative comments. Thank you very much.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

What a beautiful area! I loved seeing your pictures of all of those stunning temples as well as the other photos. I am assuming that those characters used in between paragraphs are using Javanese letters? This is such a delightful look into another part of the world of which I am unfamiliar. Thanks for assembling this wonderful hub. Voted up, useful and beautiful.


marshacanada profile image

marshacanada 5 years ago from Vancouver BC

Lovely hub. I want to see these wonderful places.


DDS profile image

DDS 5 years ago from Toronto

Oh wow! Those temples almost look like they are out of someone's dream. Very beautiful architecture.


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 5 years ago from Indonesia Author

@Peggy W: The characters I used in between paragraphs are not Javanese letters, I used them just to give ornaments to this hub. An example of Javanese letters can be seen on the last picture of Malioboro, below the name of street.

Thank you for having reading this hub Peggy.

@marshacanada : Thank you masrscha, you should visit this place and let me know what you think about it.

@DDS : Yes, the Keraton (javanese palace) is one of the most attractive place in Yogyakarta besides its culture and atmosphere. I appreciate your visit and comments on my hub, thank you very much.


Micky Dee profile image

Micky Dee 5 years ago

Incredible agusfanani. Thank you very much. This looks like a place everyone would like to be.


Happyboomernurse profile image

Happyboomernurse 5 years ago from South Carolina

Wow, this was like a mini-vacation to a beautiful, foreign land. Thanks so much for sharing these beautiful photos and the history of Yogjakarta.

Voted up, useful, awesome and beautiful.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

Hi again agusfanani,

Yours was a very creative use of letters between the gorgeous pictures as a decorative element. Yogyakarta is a truly exotic and beautiful city! Nice to know that the Javanese culture is being preserved in such a setting.


nikipa profile image

nikipa 4 years ago from Eastern Europe

Amazing hub, dear friend! Informative, interesting and very well presented! Thank you lots!

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