Types of capacitors

A capacitor is component that can store electric charge and normally consist of two plates that can are parallel to each other, very close and are separated by an inductor. When a capacitor is connected to a voltage supplied, current flows through the circuit and electrons are stored on one of the capacitor’s plates. On the other plate there would be a shortage of electrons, in this case the capacitor is said to be charged and if its disconnected from the supply, the imbalance between the two plates will remain. If a charged capacitor is connected in a circuit it will for a short time act as a voltage source just like a battery

There are three factors that determined the capacitance of a capacitor

  • Area, common to the two plates
  • Separation distance between the two plates
  • The property of the inductor used

Capacitors types are:

Metalized film Capacitors

Metalized Capacitors uses a very thin aluminum foil, interlink with a very thin plastic dielectric. For high voltage capacitors, polyester, polystyrene plastic materials are used. Dielectric strength – is the ability of an inductor to resist the flow of current when voltage is applied across it.

Ceramic Capacitors

Ceramic capacitors are used when small values of capacitance and large value of linkage current are acceptable. Ceramic capacitors are inexpensive and consist of a thin ceramic dielectric that is metalized on each side and coated with a thick protective layer usually applied by Deeping the component in an electrified protective material. Both plastics film and ceramic capacitors are available in ranges of 10pfto1uf

Electrolytic Capacitors

Electrolytic capacitors are high voltage capacitors, they give high value of capacitance in a small component at the expenses of wide tolerance in the marked value typically between -25 to 50% and the necessity of connecting the capacitor so that one terminal is always positive. The most commonly used types of electrolytic capacitors is aluminum electrolytic capacitor. Electrolytic capacitors must not be subjected to voltages in the wrong direction.

Variable Capacitors

These capacitors are variable in values. Either air or thin mica sheet are used as dielectric and therefore variable capacitors is usually low, there two types of variable capacitors namely

a)      Rotary

b)      Compression type

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Comments 18 comments

Saloni 6 years ago

Nice to get on the full idea how the capacitors actually look..........


Peter Enmore 6 years ago

Do you have any other pictures of your capacitors? You can see a full line of our resistors on our site at Riedon.com


oderog profile image

oderog 6 years ago from Nairobi Author

Thanks Peter Enmore will have a look at your capacitors


khier 6 years ago

is that all the types of capacitor ?


Kofi Asare Owusu 6 years ago

I need more info


Chris Beardmore 5 years ago

I need two more types of capacitors or i may die?.


Steven Wheatley 5 years ago

I want to see elvis presley again


Chris Beardmore 5 years ago

I want to inspect your capacitors.


Neo Cambell 5 years ago

I was looking for some capacitor types in motherboards and VGA cards and found a nice article at http://www.expertcore.org/viewtopic.php?f=19&t=227... which is interesting. Hope this will help you guys as well.


javi 5 years ago

where are the capacitors located, and what the hell do they look like, it's freaking hot!!!


Swati Dubey 5 years ago

its great to know about these capacitors...

could u plz tell me some more types of capacitors????


ali adam baba 5 years ago

iwant to know the uses of running starting capacitors and also how to connect them in parallel or series.fomula for calculating them


dewanapan38 5 years ago

i need proper defination and more type


palmon 4 years ago

i need more types of capacitor


Theophilus Gold Attuquaye 4 years ago

I need a capacitor of 2600 Farad capacitance of 220v and where can i get some to buy and the price. Thanks


poloy 4 years ago

i want to see a circuit diagram of power stereo amplifier w/ a value of 12v,1000w


shubham 3 years ago

will you plzz give me some knowledge of trimer capacitor


ann may 3 years ago

i need more types of capacitors

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