Richard Norman - Moviemaker

Richard Norman

Richard K Norman, Jacksonville filmmaker.
Richard K Norman, Jacksonville filmmaker. | Source

The Flying Ace Movie Poster

Poster for the 1926 Silent Movie :"The Flying Ace"
Poster for the 1926 Silent Movie :"The Flying Ace" | Source

Richard Norman: Jacksonville Moviemaker

Most people who are familiar with Jacksonville's history know about the city's ties to the military or the big fire of 1901 and the subsequent land boom of the 20's; but many folks are not aware of Jacksonville's tie to the motion picture industry and some of the firsts that took place in and around Jacksonville.

In the early part of the 20th century, New York City was the home of the motion picture industry. The kingpins of the fledgling industry liked the climate and labor base in Jacksonville and the town quickly became "The Winter Film Capital of the World."

Among a long list of firsts, the first Technicolor motion picture was filmed in Jacksonville. It was filmed at the beach and was also known for being the first feature-length Technicolor movie filmed in the USA.

It was during this period that Jacksonville became an important part of the African-American film industry. Richard Norman was born in Middleburg and picked up his filmmaking skills bouncing around the Midwest. When he returned to Jacksonville in 1915 he began making successful feature films including “The Green Eyed Monster” a drama about the railroad industry.

Norman then teamed up with Oscar Micheaux and began producing what were called “race movies” with all-black casts in serious roles. Norman and his fellow filmmakers had built their niche featuring African Americans portraying "splendidly, assuming different roles," as Norman called them.

The movie industry was a little too much for Jacksonville’s conservative makeup. In 1917, John W. Martin became the mayor of Jacksonville running on a conservative platform to get rid of the movie industry. At the same time, Southern California was developing a reputation conducive to the filmmaking industry and the death knell was sounded for Jacksonville as a major film destination. Martin went on to serve a four-year term as Governor of Florida.

Norman, who was white, had a sincere desire to see improvements in the strained race relations in the south, but he also recognized a largely underserved demographic group of black filmgoers. He also recognized the wealth beauty and talented African-American stage and Vaudeville stars, who aspired to make the jump to motion pictures.

But in the early 20th century the power structure of the movie industry was largely prejudicial and wanted to only portray black characters as villains, servants or step-and-fetch-it roles.

Later films included The Flying Ace in 1926, which Norman wrote and directed. This was probably Norman’s best-known movie. It has been restored and is now housed at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.

The Flying Ace was billed as one of the greatest airplane thrillers every filmed. Using techniques that were well before their time, The Flying Ace was filmed entirely on the ground. In spite of this limitation the movie was honored for its stunts and camera techniques... Much of Norman’s inspiration for The Flying Ace came from stories about contemporary black aviators. One of these aviators was Bessie Coleman, a well-known African-American civil aviator

Coleman was the first female, African-American pilot in the U.S, and the first African-American to receive an international pilot certificate. Coleman died in a plane crash at Jacksonville’s beach in 1926.

It is not known if Bessie Coleman ever saw Norman’s movie which was based to a large degree on her stunt flying expertise,

Richard Norman is certainly one of Middleburg and Jacksonville’s living legends from the bygone days of Florida film-making.

It was because Ann Burt, a Jacksonville resident, learned that the dilapidated buildings scheduled for destruction on Jacksonville's Arlington Road were an important movie studio in another time that there were serious efforts to make the former site of Norman Studios into a museum.

National Park Service Gets Involved

Sometime this year (1916) the National Park Service will assume responsibility for the Norman Studios Silent Film Museum. The arrangement negotiated with the city of Jacksonville will ensure the preservation and restoration of the studio as well as the operation of the museum. Under this arrangement, the National Park Service will pay a major part of the restoration and refurbishing.

Norman Laboratories

Current museum on Arlington Highway in Jacksonville,
Current museum on Arlington Highway in Jacksonville, | Source

Norman Studios circa 1917

The Norman Studios property back when it was known as Eagle Film City, circa 1916-1920
The Norman Studios property back when it was known as Eagle Film City, circa 1916-1920 | Source

Richard Norman Studios location in Jacksonville

A marker6337 Arlington Road, Jacksonville, Florida -
6337 Arlington Road, Jacksonville, FL 32211, USA
[get directions]

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Comments 3 comments

Coolpapa profile image

Coolpapa 6 months ago from Florida Author

The National Park Service has agreed to take over the Museum and much of the ancillary buildings so we all hope this will continue to grow as a part of the Jacksonville landscape


Coolpapa profile image

Coolpapa 3 years ago from Florida Author

The movie has been restored and is availabnle on the internet. Try checking out http://cinemuse.com I think they have it, If not google it.

Thanks for stopping by!


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 3 years ago from sunny Florida

Very interesting. I did not know Norman nor the efforts he made to present Afro Americans favorably. I wonder why Flying Ace cannot be made available for us to view or did I miss that? Could it not be copied so the original is not lost??

Thanks for sharing. Sending Angels your way this morning :) ps

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