The Welsh Flag

As an English school child born and bred in Yorkshire I remember being taught that the Welsh people were the true English.

We were taught that when the Vikings invaded England, on a fairly regular basis, in order to generally rape, plunder and pillage at will, many English people literally fled to the hills.

In fact, I was taught that they fled over to what is now Wales.

Wales is a relatively small country but it has a rich heritage. It has some of the best beaches in the UK, many fine old buildings and Castles, breathtaking scenery and more. Wales has spawned more than its fair share of successful writers, actors, poets, sports people and of course singers.

With such a varied history it is only fitting that this wonderful country has a spirited flag.


As you can see from the image above the Welsh Flag has just three colours. These are red, white and green. Each of these colours holds a special significance.

  • White represents peace and honesty.
  • Green represents hope, joy, love and in some cultures has a religious meaning.
  • Red represents hardiness, valour, strength and bravery.

I guess it is very fitting that the dragon is coloured red. Dragons may be mythical creatures but they easily represent these traits.

The Welsh Flag is also known as Y Ddraig Goch which also means the Red Dragon. It seems as if the symbol of a dragon was of many things that the British have to thank the Romans for.

The Romans brought their knowledge to Great Britain in the form of roads, plumbing, the Roman calendar, many of our words, aqueducts, heating, laws, concrete and possibly the dragon as a symbol.

The Roman Legions that invaded and occupied Great Britain for some time carried standards bearing the symbol of a dragon.

Although Wales was populated for thousands of years it did not officially become Wales until 1536. The white and green of the flag of Wales are believed to be from the house of Tudor. The Welsh Tudors ruled Great Britain from 1485 to 1603.

This flag has only been the official flag of Wales since the 1950s.

Alternative Welsh Flag

The alternative flag of Wales is the flag of St David. This flag usually has a gold cross on a black background but there are variations.

Many Welsh people carry this flag at events and special occasions. On St David's Day on 1st March this flag will be blowing in the breeze just as much as the official Welsh flag.


I have to say that I like the Welsh flag. It is different, shows spirit and an innate sense of National pride.

The Welsh National Anthem and Flag

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Comments 12 comments

ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 5 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull Author

I stand corrected Richard although that is what we were taught in school in the fifties. It was a long time ago though, the fifties I mean :)

Richard lewis ap Davies 5 years ago

Very nice site friend but Not too sure about your School info regarding them teaching that the the Welsh were the true English & were forced to flee to what now is Wales by the Vikings, Don't you mean true native British? The English Came to Britain in the late 5th century and were made up of Jutes, Saxons , Angles all were from Germanic tribes and were documented by the Dark age Welsh historian Gildas (b - 500 to d -570) who wrote about the invading tribes which happened in 482AD and is the earliest documented manuscript in existence detailing the arrival of what now is the English & the history of Ancient Welsh Kingdoms & their leaders and so on, Indeed most of his work relating to the English was used by English Historian Bede in his later work of the history of the English People in 731AD. I agree that there were Welsh Living in what is now England during the Pre & Post roman periods including the Viking raids, you‘ve just got to look at Welsh Place names still in England today IE: Walton ( Town of the Welsh , London ( Welsh for Isle of the fort) , Kent ( Border in old Welsh) plus many more, In fact the Welsh have never really left England as they were most likely either were absorbed into English culture with the remainder fleeing to Wales to safety where fellow Cymru ( Old Welsh for Comrades) who never were invaded by the Saxons lived in the area what is now called Cymru Or Wales today. In fact Welsh linage goes far back as 36000+ yrs with the Red Lady of Paviland in Gower , S Wales (DNA Tested recently with Welsh of today & DNA matches perfectly) and is one of the oldest prehistoric burials in western Europe & just a couple of moths ago It was announced that The builders of stone henge were Welsh with the bluestones hailing from W Wales & a recent burial find in a Pembrokeshire bluestone quarry and in Wiltshire which were all DNA tested to be from the S. Wales area with the exception of an incomer from Europe ( a Bowman) from Switzerland).

ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 6 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull Author

Hope you have had a great day Anthony

AnthonyAnswers 6 years ago

i celebrated st davids day today :D

James A Watkins profile image

James A Watkins 6 years ago from Chicago

Excellent and interesting article. I enjoyed it thoroughly.

ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 6 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull Author

So ultimate hubber you prefer the modern styled flag eh

ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 6 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull Author

I have lived in England all my life and did not know much of it lol.

Thanks for the visit Hanna

Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

Thank you for afascinating and interest history lesson. I have been here 40 Years and never knew any of this.

Ultimate Hubber profile image

Ultimate Hubber 6 years ago

The alternative flag of Wales is really cool!

ethel smith profile image

ethel smith 6 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull Author

No Gypsy but I will. I have been busy writing today

Gypsy Willow profile image

Gypsy Willow 6 years ago from Lake Tahoe Nevada USA , Wales UK and Taupo New Zealand

Have you checked out my several hubs on Wales?

daisyjae profile image

daisyjae 6 years ago from Canada


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