How to Clean and Maintain a Dishwasher

Why is my dishwasher not cleaning properly?

When working on appliances, please follow safety procedures. Click here to see safety guidelines.

Do you have problems with your dishwasher leaving spots, grime or deposits on your dishes and silverware? This is a common complaint. There are several causes for poor cleaning performance. Some of them are simple to repair and will garner great results. There are things you can do to change the performance of your dishwasher. Click here to see how a dishwasher works.

The first order of business is to clean the inside of the dishwasher. Start by making sure the screens are clean. Most dishwashers have a couple of screens to keep large particles out of the pump and drain. These are normally located on the bottom and back of the dishwasher.

The screen on the back of the dishwasher is generally a recycling screen where the water is screened during the wash and rinse cycles. Remove the bottom rack and set it aside, inspect the screen on the back of the dishwasher, if it looks like it can be removed, remove it and wash it in soap and water and then in vinegar. This will remove deposits that may be preventing adequate water flow. Check under the screen for any particles that may have collected and clean them out. Use caution here because small pieces of glass and other debris could be collected behind or or under filters and screens.

CAUTION: No Bleach!

CAUTION: I don't care what you have read or heard elsewhere, do not use bleach. Do not use chlorine products at all. Bleach will damage parts of the dishwasher that you cannot see. It may damage stainless steel, bleach combined with other chemicals becomes toxic and should never be used in a dishwasher. Period. Don't use it. I know that you may have read other places that it is ok to use bleach in some situations, but I advise against it. Believe me, bleach is not a good dishwasher cleaning agent.

If you do decide to use bleach anyway, please use it sparingly, like two tablespoons.   It will kill mold that other cleaners may not.  Personally, I would never use bleach.

Screens and Filters And Wash Arms
Screens and Filters And Wash Arms
Loaded Dishwasher
Loaded Dishwasher

Clean the Dishwasher Screens

Next look at the bottom of the dishwasher in the back, there may be a large screen normally held down with two screws or nuts. Remove them (quite often they are ¼ inch nuts), and then the screen cover will come off. Use great caution in cleaning this area, normally the pump inlet is located here with a trap and possibly a soft food disposer. This is where it is most likely to have splinters of glass and bits of metal that have collected over time. You must be very careful not to injure yourself on this debris. The soft food disposal is normally a stiff wire that spins over the pump inlet and breaks up any food that may come through. The trap consists of a well in front of the inlet. Heavier things fall into this well and are trapped there, they mostly consist of glass, bits of metal and bone, rocks, small screws and plastic. There have been a couple of times I looked into one of these and found pieces of plastic bag wrapped around the soft food disposal and practically blocking the water flow. Cleaning this out made the dishwasher run like new.

Some dishwashers have the screen in the center. These can be easily removed in a similar manner. Once removed, use a stiff dish washing brush to scrape the debris off the surface. Clean this area carefully, there will undoubtedly be shards of glass and other small sharp items that can cause injury.

Clean the Dishwasher's Rotating Arms

The arms are designed to rotate and spray water out at the dishes. Check to make sure the arms are rotating freely and that the small spray holes are clear. If there is something blocking the openings, then they need to be cleaned out. Most of these can be cleaned with a toothpick and pipe cleaners. Using a small pair of needle nosed pliers may be necessary. Be gentle here, the items can be damaged easily. Other metal tools need to be used with caution. If they are blocked and cannot be cleaned, you may have to disassemble the washing arms may be required. This is normally not too difficult and can be accomplished by removing a hold down fastener normally located in the center of the dishwasher. The spray arms then can be lifted from the center. If you have to remove the spray arms or any other parts, be sure to lay them out in the order that they are taken out so that you can reassemble them in the same order. You may find a part that is damaged and you wish to replace it. Be sure to make some notes as to the order of re-assembly, this tactic will save you about a million hours in re-assembly. Another tactic is to take a pencil or grease pencil and mark the parts with numbers, the first item removed is marked with a #1, then #2 on the second part, etc. If you have 3 parts they are numbered in sequence and can be re-assembled easily. I always take the additional precaution of labeling them all on the top or bottom so that I know the direction for placement on the re-assembly.

Once you have completed these tasks, give yourself three cheers, the hard part is over.

Clean the Dishwasher Seals

Now you need to wipe the surfaces that are normally neglected. Open the dishwasher and use a damp cloth with soap and water and wipe the seals along the door. These areas are often neglected and need to function well to keep the dishwasher watertight. Wipe them clean and make sure you do not leave soapy water behind. You can spray window cleaner on the cleaned seals to remove the soap residue. If the seal seems worn or brittle, dry the seal and spray it with pure silicon spay. This will lubricate the seal and help protect it. Wipe the excess off.

Care of the Heating Element

Now for the inside of the dishwasher. Most dishwashers have a heating element in the bottom of the unit. This element normally does not need any kind of cleaning. It gets really hot and can burn you or melt plastic. It is a fairly easy to damage the element, so if it looks ok, leave it alone. If there is melted plastic on it, see if it can be removed by using a plastic scraper. Never scrape it with a metal tool. Replacing the element is normally a BIG JOB. Don't do too much here. If the element has scale or smells burned, then a descaler may need to be used. I would start with vinegar. Start the diswasher and wait for it to fill part way. Then add about two cups of white vinegar and allow it to complete the cycle. If this is ineffective, then use a de-liming agent such as lime away or a product that is designed to clean scale out of dishwashers. Do not use this product in the dry cycle. After the initial application, run the dishwasher through a complete cycle. This will rinse this out of your dishwasher. Remember, most of the time the element needs not attention.

The breakfast drink: TANG

The best cleaner for inside a dishwasher is the breakfast drink Tang. It is perfect, and has the perfect balance of chemicals to thoroughly clean the dishwasher. Fill the dispenser cup, the initial wash cup and add about a half cup to the inside of the dishwasher. Run it through a regular cycle. You will be astonished at the result. Brown stains and faded portions will be restored to their original condition. Very dirty dishwashers may require more than one application of Tang.

Regular use Dishwashing Detergent and Rinse Agents

Clean your dishes with a premium dishwasher detergent such as Cascade.   There are abrasives found such as sand in some cheap detergents that will ruin some of your dishes and shorten the life of your dishwasher.  This is one time that brand name products are worth the extra money.

Using too much detergent will result in poor cleaning results.  Try using less.

If you have a water softener, do not use rinse agents.

If you have spotting and clouding of glassware, you probably need a rinse agent.

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Comments 21 comments

bayoulady profile image

bayoulady 6 years ago from Northern Louisiana,USA

TANG???? I trust you, but TANG????Okay, I am a cheapie, so will the store brand work?

Last week I thought my dishwasher had died. Turns out a grape stem and a bread tie were the culprits, according to my hero/brother who took a look see.

Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

Thank you for your well informative hub.

Pcunix profile image

Pcunix 6 years ago from SE MA

Yes, Tang. I don't remember how we found out about it, but we have used it for 30 years. It works. You don't use much - the box lasts a long time.

justom profile image

justom 6 years ago from 41042

Great hub man, I'm going to check that dishwasher out today. Tang? I can't remember even seeing that anymore at the grocery. Can I use bleach to clean? :-) Peace!! Tom

drbj profile image

drbj 6 years ago from south Florida

Steve, I don't know why folks are surprised that Tang, a breakfast drink, cleans a dishwasher. After all, Coca Cola removes rust from a chrome automobile bumper.

To maintain my dishwasher, I pay him well. Heh, heh. :)

Allan Douglas profile image

Allan Douglas 6 years ago from Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee

I haven't even SEEN tang in such a long time.

My wife wants me to tell you that when SHE cleans her dishwasher, she puts him (me) in the shower and turns the water on.

But for those who HAVE a dish washing machine, this is great stuff. Tang? Huh!

I know a few folks who will be able to make use of this info, so I'll share it with them. THANKS!

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

bayou lady Yep, Tang! Don't be cheap, I tried the store brand and it works, but Tang works better. And a small bottle of Tang will last quite a long time. You only need to clean the thing about once every 6 months or so. The bread ties try to kill the freezer too. Insidious little bastards they are. Thanks for stopping by.

danatheteacher profile image

danatheteacher 6 years ago from Pacific Northwest

You are a hubbing machine Steve

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

Hello Hello Thanks for the comment and glad you came by and read this boring thing.

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

PC Unix it is so hard to convince people that his works like magic....but it does. Thanks for reading.

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

Justtom Hahahaha......yes use gallons of will completely destroy your dishwasher and you will finally get the new one your deserve.

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

drbj I know, and you can butter the skids too....that works well. Thanks once again for commenting.

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

Allan Douglas Tell your wife to use tang....that leaves a fine orangish tan and makes and an exhilarating citrus scent. LOL thanks for your comments.

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

Dana it makes me feel all happy when I see you have read my hubs.....I might read one of yours now. Thanks my friend.

satomko profile image

satomko 6 years ago from Macon, GA

Wow, I would have never thought to use Tang to clean. I'm going to try it out.

Pcunix profile image

Pcunix 6 years ago from SE MA

I really wonder whether anyone buys Tang for anything BUT the dishwasher!

Tankadin profile image

Tankadin 6 years ago

Good tips, thanks for the info.

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author


Yeah....Tang all the way. Check with Pcunix, no one really drinks it anymore, they just buy it to clean dishwashers. Isn't that right Pcunix?

Tankadin You are welcome, I hope it helps a lot of people (maybe I should buy tang stock?).

Grills Guy profile image

Grills Guy 6 years ago from Santa Cruz

thank you for the great tips. it will help me a lot because I have a lot of problems with my dishwasher.

LillyGrillzit profile image

LillyGrillzit 6 years ago from The River Valley, Arkansas

Dag Nabit! I forgot to include this in my things I feel guilty for...mal-treatment of my appliances...eek. Thank you for enlightening me!

SteveoMc profile image

SteveoMc 6 years ago from Pacific NorthWest Author

Lilly, you are so fun.....thanks for the visit and the comment.

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