National Flag of India

The Lion capital of Ashoka
The Lion capital of Ashoka

"Ashoka Chakra" on the base of "Lion Capital of Ashoka" which has been adopted as the National Emblem of India. The Lion capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four "Indian lions" standing back to back. It was originally placed atop the Ashoka pillar at Sarnath.(Ashoka was an Indian emperor, of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled from from 273 BC to 232 BC). This Lion Capital of Ashoka from Sarnath has been adopted as the National Emblem of India and the wheel "Ashoka Chakra" from its base has been placed onto the center of the National Flag of India.

Ashoka Chakra
Ashoka Chakra

The wheel - "Ashoka Chakra" has 24 spokes and each spoke depicts one hour of the day, portraying the prevalence of righteousness all the 24 hour of it.

The National Flag of India
The National Flag of India

The significance of the colours and the chakra in the National Flag was amply described by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan(who later became the first Vice President of India) in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted the National Flag. Dr. S.Radhakrishnan, described:

"Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka Wheel in the center of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change."

Jana Gana Mana... National Anthem

More by this Author


Comments 27 comments

Paraglider profile image

Paraglider 9 years ago from Kyle, Scotland

Orange - thank you for that explanation. I had not appreciated the significance of the flag colours, which are unusual, as most national flags tend to the primary colours. What you say makes sense in the light of what I've read of Indian classical literature. And in the few months I spent in Mumbai, I can say that movement is of the essence!


Cutegal 9 years ago

Great! I'm in a hurry so I'm lucky to view this page!


Rudra profile image

Rudra 9 years ago

Great explanation of the Indian flag. Well done


MR.INDIAN 8 years ago

THANKS.......


Nazim 8 years ago

it is an wanderful explanation given by our philosopher president Mr S Radhakrishnan. a more than than appropriate ilucidation


Ayush 8 years ago

great explanation.....................................helped me a lot..............thanx


kamal mothey  8 years ago

i love my mother land india who makes me proud to be an indian.

to day i have shaw the meaning of ashok chakra and 24 spokes.

aao hum sab milkar bole love u india jai..........hind


Ven.Bhadant Pannasila Thero 8 years ago

Information is fine but this explanation given by Dr. Ambedkar,great architect and father of Indian Constitution, before of Dr. Radhakrishanan,great Teacher and philosopher of India . Thanks with Loving -kindness, Jai Bharat !


Ven.Bhadant Pannasila Thero 8 years ago

Information is fine but this explanation given by Dr. Ambedkar,great architect and father of Indian Constitution, before of Dr. Radhakrishanan,great Teacher and philosopher of India . Thanks with Loving -kindness, Jai Bharat !


Ven.Bhadant Pannasila Thero 8 years ago

Information is fine but this explanation given by Dr. Ambedkar,great architect and father of Indian Constitution, before of Dr. Radhakrishanan,great Teacher and philosopher of India . Thanks with Loving -kindness, Jai Bharat !


Nitin Pathade 7 years ago

thanks for publising this information on the net. it was assingment for us by our teacher, to find out the same. now I will be the first person to tell teacher about this..

Thank you very much!!!


orange profile image

orange 7 years ago from Kochi Author

Thanks for your comments

Jai Bharat!


Muskan 7 years ago

India has a very national anthem which is peaceful


Muskaan Manchanda 7 years ago

I love India very much and the national anthem also very much.


tayla 7 years ago

it was true about our colture thaxs


jane143 6 years ago

- thank you so much for the information..

now i know what those spokes in the wheel represents..

this was a given assignment of our social studies teacher..once again thank you...

..jane..


shrikant sanas 6 years ago

I would like to wish all the citizens of my country A HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY WITH LOTS OF HAPPINESS

DEAR ALL DO PLS TK CR OF OUR MOTHERLAND FROM TERRORISM

JAI HIND JAI MAHARASHTRA


kloe and shanae 6 years ago

hi my name is kloe.

were are you

hi my name is shanae

were are u


Sandesh 5 years ago

Actually our tricolours represent Religionalism.."BITTER TRUTH".

Jay Bharat!


rihsam05 profile image

rihsam05 5 years ago

Nice hub. find more about Maldives National Flaghttp://hubpages.com/art/maldivesnationalflag


sapna 5 years ago

beautiful explanation....


indian  5 years ago

I LOVE MY INDIA


Virendrasingh chauhan. 4 years ago

I'am indian.

I proud of myself.


nivetha 4 years ago

i proud of myself...

im so great to tel im an indian...


suvarnaBala 4 years ago

OUR LATE lEADERS WERE EXCELLENT. dr. s .Radha krishnans explanation about the Flag is wonderful.Our National Anthem is very nice and Wonderful.

But iam very sad about the present politians and third right leaders.

They want to make money an do not have any feelings or respects to-wards our National Lederswho sarificed their lives for OUR INDIA and its people.

China is progressing fast they work hard and they are deciplined.

India should give hash punishment to the leders who-ever

try to cheat India or Desha DROHI


harish 4 years ago

sir thank you, its been a great pleasure to watch this significant page.


alfa 3 years ago

who is the father of our national flag

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working