How to make Cold Cream

You can refer this page to know the following:

  1. What is Cold Cream
  2. How to make Cold Cream
  3. Five commercially viable cold cream formulas and
  4. How to label finished cream.


What Is Cold Cream?

Cold cream is water in oil type of emulsion. Cold cream is called cold cream because breaking up of emulsion on application to skin leads to evaporation of water giving cooling effect. Cold cream is primarily used to prevent excessive drying of skin. It has emollient action and prevents dehydration of skin. The key chemical constituent of cold cream is bees wax.

Emulsifier usually prepared inside by reaction between borax and bees wax stabilizes cold cream Emulsion. Bees wax, spermacitin, paraffin wax are used as thickening agent and also provide fatty acid soap formation during the preparation of cold cream. Non-ionic and ionic emulsifiers are also used to supplement borax bees wax emulsion adding increase flexibility and stability to emulsion.

Example of Emulsifiers that can be used alone or in combination are Sorbitol fatty acid esters and other co-emulsifier that can be used are glyceryl stearate, cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, phosphate fatty alcohols and fatty alcohol sulphate.

Since this preparation contains both oil and water. It is susceptible to microbial attack. Hence a cold cream preparation should also be preserved by adding preservatives.

Marketed Cold Cream products: -

  • Pond’s Cold Cream
  • Charmis Cold cream
  • Nivea Cold Cream


Five Cold Cream Formulas

 
Cold Cream Formula 1
Cold Cream Formula 2
Cold Cream Formula 3
Cold Cream Formula 4
Cold Cream Formula 5
Ingredients
Qty in Gms
Qty in Gms
Qty in Gms
Qty in Gms
Qty in Gms
Bees wax
14
-
4
18
30
Cetyl alcohol
2
4
-
-
-
Stearyl alcohol
2
2
-
-
-
Mineral oil
53
53
18.5
60.5
46
Lecithin
2
-
-
-
-
Borax
1
-
0.25
1
1
Water
26
20
37
-
6
Olive Oil
-
8
20
-
-
Lanolin
-
4
37.5
-
6
Gryceryl monostearate
-
1
-
-
-
Sodium laural sulphate
-
1
-
 
-
Spermacitin
-
-
1
-
-
Oleic acid
-
-
-
-
1
Triethanol amine
-
-
-
-
1
Stearic acid
-
-
-
-
6.5
Glycerin
-
-
-
10
1
Perfume
Quantity Sufficient
Quantity Sufficient
Quantity Sufficient
Quantity Sufficient
Quantity Sufficient
Methyl paraben
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
Propyl paraben
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
Cold Cream Formulas
Pond's Cold Cream
Pond's Cold Cream

Steps To Make Cold Cream as Per Formula 5



Step 1: Triethanol amine was weighed according to formula and dissolved in given quantity of water and heated to 70 degree Celsius in a suitable pharmaceutical grade container. This would make the aqueous phase of the cold cream.

Step 2: Bees wax, lanolin, speramacitin wax, oleic acid, paraffin wax are next weighed as per formula and then dissolved in mineral oil and heated to 70 degree Celsius. This makes the oily phase of cold cream water in oil emulsion.

Step 3: Now this is the most important step and requires experience and skill to execute. At 70 degree Celsius, Both the phases are mixed and stirred to form water in oil type of emulsion. It is important to stir continuously while adding aqueous phase to the oily phase to get stable water in oil emulsion. Keep stirring till the temperature comes down to room temperature.

Step 4: Sufficient quantity of perfume is added before packing the finished product to suitable wide mouth labeled containers.


The label should display the following information: -

  1. Name of the product
  2. Contents: Name and percentage of any active ingredient if added to preparation.
  3. Net Weight: As present in the final container.
  4. Manufacturing License Number as obtained by regulatory authority of your country.
  5. Manufacturing Batch Number: As applicable
  6. Manufacturing Date – Month and year of manufacturing.
  7. Expiry Date – Month and year of expected expiry.
  8. Maximum Retail Price- As applicable.
  9. Place Of Manufacturing- The plant where it is manufactured.


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Comments 9 comments

MR. M.K.MODASIYA 4 years ago

TO PREPARE EMULSION THREE THINGS ARE NEEDED AND THE SELECTION OF EMULSIFIYING AGENT IS VERY IMPORTANT WHICH IS BASED ON THE VOLUME OF INTERNAL PHASE AND EXTERNAL PHASE.....NOW I WOULD LIKE TO ASK YOU THAT IN ROSE WATER OINTMENT THE QUANTITY OF OILY PHASE IS HIHGER THAN THE AQOUS AND SOAP WILL BE PREPARED INSIT WHICH IS MONOVELENT THEN HOW IT IS POSSIBLE, I MENA MONOVELENT SOAP ALWAYS PREPARE AQ. EMULSION AND HERE OILY PHASE IS HIGHER.......


Atlanta 4 years ago

Wow very meticulate? did you try your formulas in your lab? what might be the cost of making 1000 kgs?


Tintin25 profile image

Tintin25 4 years ago Author

formula 1 was tried by me in the lab, remaining formulas were used by other groups to see which one gives best results, cost varies from country to country!


urmi 3 years ago

which one is best for whitening the skin....


Johng403 2 years ago

Surely together with your thoughts here and that i adore your blog! Ive bookmarked it making sure that I can come back & read more inside the foreseeable future. ffgdbagfdbbe


Pharmf425 2 years ago

Very nice site!


sudheer kumar samudrala 20 months ago

Cold cream is very useful for all sk


bhumi 16 months ago

Good article..!!!!! :-)


d.r.distributors 14 months ago

very good and knoeledgeble site

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