Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

Bust of Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
Bust of Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

Charlemagne (Charles The Great), King Of The Franks And Emperor Of The Holy Roman Empire

742–814

Frankish king and emperor

One of history’s great military leaders, Charlemagne conquered western Europe and restored the learning, morality, and order that had decayed during the Dark Ages.

At age 26, he inherited the Frankish Empire. A devout Christian, he quickly expanded its frontiers with the aim of creating a Christian empire. The key to his success was his brilliance as a military strategist. He sent out more than 50 military expeditions, leading at least half himself. By the end of the century, Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire dominated most of western and central Europe. In 800, he was crowned emperor by Pope Leo III, thus founding the Holy Roman Empire.

By establishing a centralized government, Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire restored much of the unity of the old Roman Empire. He reformed the Church and introduced jury courts. He revised coinage and weights and measures, and promoted agriculture, industry, and trade. Although he was illiterate, he founded schools and encouraged literature and the arts. His effect on the cultural life of western Europe was so all-pervasive that his reign is remembered as a period of renaissance.

APRIL 2, 742 (The exact birthdate and birthplace are disputed widely by historians) Born Charles, eldest son of Pepin the Short, first Carolingian king of the Franks.

768 Inherits the northern part of his father’s kingdom; his brother, Carloman, inherits the southern part.

770 Marries the daughter of the king of the Lombards.

771 Seizes southern territories upon the death of Carloman. Divorces his wife.

772- 74 At the request of Pope Hadrian, invades Italy and defeats the Lombards.

772 – 804 Engages in a series of campaigns against the Saxons in order to conquer and Christianize them.

778 Crosses Pyrenees to forestall invasion by Cordoba. Pamplona surrenders; sends forces to Barcelona. Repulsed at Zaragoza and retreats to Gascony.

781 The English scholar Alcuin of York enters his service, initiating the Carolingian Renaissance.

DECEMBER 25, 800 Crowned emperor by Pope Leo III during a special service in St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome.

813 Names his third son, Louis, as his successor.

JANUARY 28, 814 Dies in Aachen, where he is buried.

My name is Robee Kann, for four years I was a tour guide throughout Europe. I loved my job and I would love to hear from you. You are most welcome to message me to say hello or request a hub about a European subject. Please look at my other hubs and leave a comment for me.

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Comments On Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 21 comments

Challah1202 profile image

Challah1202 6 years ago from Chandler, TX

Good history here. I like the time line.


Robee Kann profile image

Robee Kann 6 years ago Author

Thanks Challah1202 for the feedback


crocket 6 years ago

Nice work.


Robee Kann profile image

Robee Kann 6 years ago Author

Cheers Crocket


retcheng 5 years ago

Good summary of the life of Carolus Magnus for such a brief blog. I am writing a paper about this subject for school and may wish to site this source. Do you remember when you published this page? Thank you


Robee Kann profile image

Robee Kann 5 years ago Author

Hi Retcheng, I published this hub 10th Sept 2009. Good luck with your school paper.

Rob


Michael 5 years ago

My 40th Great Grandfather. Thanks so much for the picture of the bust.


Robee Kann profile image

Robee Kann 5 years ago Author

You are welcome Michael


julie woods 5 years ago

i am the 41st great granddaughter of charles the great! i just learned of this in our family history i find it fascinating to know this..


Butch Osborne 5 years ago

i have been doing my family tree and Charles the Great is my 38th great grandfather. Found this out just yesterday.. It is awesome to know...


Blix 5 years ago

thank you heaps and heaps for the info i had to to a school homework task thing and this was the reason i passed thanks a lot


Lady_Tenaz 5 years ago

Wonderful hub about my 40th Great Grandfather. Thank you! ;-)


Peggy 5 years ago

I have always heard that I am a desendent of Charles the Great. In searching back over 1200 years, I was able to trace my lineage to prove that it is true!


Mooose 4 years ago

Very good article, i really appreciate this backround knowledge on King Charles thankyou very much. I will now get an A+ on my paper because of you.


joe 4 years ago

I have beentrying to find moredetails on the Massacre at Verden where would I look


Rob C 4 years ago

My 38th great-grandfather. I wonder how common that is?


utetyjhe 4 years ago

you helpt me with my home work


opop 4 years ago

when was this last updated


studenthelp 4 years ago

This was so useful.Thank you for all the information. Thank you.


studenthelp 4 years ago

Thank you so much! I will get an A+ on my paper because of you! Thank you for helping me finish my homework! :)


Blackspaniel1 profile image

Blackspaniel1 19 months ago

I am very interested in this period. I am also looking for information on the area of Metz, prior to Charlemagne.

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