Heidelberg, Germany -- a beautiful city located in the Black Forest

Heidelberg, Germany and the River Neckar in the Black Forest.
Heidelberg, Germany and the River Neckar in the Black Forest. | Source
Altstadt, Old Town, Heidelberg, Germany
Altstadt, Old Town, Heidelberg, Germany | Source
Church of the Holy Spirit on Old Town Heidelberg, Germany
Church of the Holy Spirit on Old Town Heidelberg, Germany | Source
Heidelberg marktplatz, marketplace.
Heidelberg marktplatz, marketplace. | Source

Heidelberg, Germany - founded 1196

Off the beaten Romantic Road in Germany, located in southwest Germany, and nestled deep in the Schwartzwald, or Black Forest of Germany, is the lovely university town of Heidelberg, Germany. It sits along the River Neckar and is the cradle of Romanticism. Its "Old Town" and castle are the most frequented tourist destinations in Germany. It is only a forty minute train ride from Frankfurt, Germany and even closer by car.

Heidelberg is located in the German state of Baden-Wurttemberg and has a population of approximately 150,000 people. It is a romantic and picturesque city that is the home of Heidelberg University, the Heidelberg Castle and the baroque style Altstadt, or Old Town.

The founding date of Heidelberg has been established as 1196, one of the oldest cities in Germany, as Heidelberg is first mention in that year in a document in Schonau Abbey. The magnificent, sprawling castle was originally constructed in 1303 for defense of the city.

The Altstadt, or OldTown of the city is constructed in the baroque style of architecture and makes for a beautiful, elegant city. The Old Town is located on the south bank of the River Neckar and is long and narrow and overlooked by the ruins of Heidelberg Castle that looms above. The Hauptstrasse, or Main Street, is a mile long pedetrian street running the length of the town. It has become Heidelberg's shopping and night life magnet for natives, tourists, and university students.

The Old Stone Bridge built in 1786-1788 spans the River Neckar and links the two sides of the city together. It has a medieval bridge gate that is on the side of the Old Town that was originally part of the Old Town wall.

In the markplatz, or marketplace, sits the Church of the Holy Spirit constructed in late Gothic style. It connects with the pedestrian walk. Across the street from the church is the House zum Ritter Sankt Georg (Knight St. George) and is one of the few original buildings that survived the War of Succession.

The Philosophenweg, or Philosopher's Walk, is on the northern side of the River Neckar. Traditionally , Heidelberg's philosopher's and university professors would walk and talk along the pathway. Great thinkers and great minds honed the lessons at the university for their students. Today, it provides scenic views of the town and the castle for photographers. Also, situated here are the Physics and Astronomy faculties and schools of the University of Heidelberg. Farther up the mountain is found the ruined 11th century Monastery of St. Michael.

The Heidelberg Castle is, of course, the highlight of this city. Originally built in 1303, it was destroyed in a gunpowder explosion iin 1537. It was rebuilt at that point as the duke's palace and has been watching over Heidelberg since then. There are more than 300 steps to climb up to see the castle, so it is not a trip for the faint-hearted. I have climbed up these stairs to the castle and I can tell you it is worth the climb. The romantic castle is sprawling but beautiful and the architecture is not to be missed. The panoramic view of the city is breathtaking and another haven for photographers. The charming Old Town is completely visible from the top at the castle with the Old Stone Bridge and the River Neckar.


Old Stone Bridge and remains of the Heidelberg Castle in the background in Heidelberg, Germany
Old Stone Bridge and remains of the Heidelberg Castle in the background in Heidelberg, Germany | Source
Rupert I, founder of Heidelberg University.
Rupert I, founder of Heidelberg University. | Source
Max Weber House, center for internation students at Heidelberg University,
Max Weber House, center for internation students at Heidelberg University, | Source
Heidelberg University Library.  Founded in 1421 and is the oldest public library in Germany still intact.
Heidelberg University Library. Founded in 1421 and is the oldest public library in Germany still intact. | Source

The University of Heidelberg - founded 1386

The city of Heidelberg, Germany is known for its institutions of higher education and Heidelberg University, founded in 1386, is the most famous of those and one of Europe's oldest educational institutions. Heidelberg is also the oldest university town in all of today's Germany.

It was originally founded by Rupert I based on a Papal Bull to found the university by the pope of the Holy Roman Empire. So Rupert had the school built and it served as a center for theologians and law experts throughout the Holy Roman Empire. It became a center of independent thinkers, a stronghold of humanism, and a center of democratic thinking.

By the later 15th century, Heidelberg University transitioned from a scholastic to a humanistic culture completed by chancellor and bishop Johann von Dalberg. During the time of the Reformation of the Catholic Church, Martin Luther gave his defense of his 95 Theses at Heidelberg University in April 1518. This had a lasting impact on the university and Luther's followers among the masters and scholars soon became leading Reformationists in southwest Germany.

The university played a leading role in the conflict between Lutheranism and Calvinism in the 15th and 16th centuries. From this, Heidelberg university became a university of humanism and Calvinism as the predominate schools of thought. Heidelberg University attracted scholars from all over Europe and it developed into a cultural and academic center.

With the Thirty Year's War, its intellectual and fiscal wealth declined and the decline did not stop until 1803. In this year Heidelberg University was re-established as a state-owned institution by Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden. Also romanticism found expression in Heidelberg University thought and there was a revival of the German Middle Ages in speech, poetry and art.

Later in the 19th century, it became a role model for the implementation of graduate schools and the scientific method used at American universities. The university as a whole becanme the role model for the transformation of American liberal arts colleges into research universities particularly Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD, as an example.

During the Nazi era and World War II (1933-1945), Heidelberg University was closed down and marked an NSDAP university. After WWII, it literally went through an extensive denazification program. By the 1970s, left wing students at the university protested especially against the U.S. military bases and missiles planted in Germany.

The modern scientific psychiatry, psychopharnacology, psychiatric genetics, environmental physics of modern sociology were introduced as scientific disciplines by the Heidelberg faculty. The emphasis at Heidelberg University is on research and it has fifty-five Nobel Prize laureates who taught and conducted research at the university. Today, it ranks among Europe's top overall universities. It is an international education detination for doctoral students and one third of the doctoral stufents come from abroad. Roughly one thousand doctorate degrees are completed there each year.

There are two separate campuses within Heidelberg University. The Old Town Campus houses the humanties and social sciences. The New Town Campus, on the outskirts of Heidelberg, houses the sciences and medical school plus three large university hospitals.

Heidelberg University has been co-educational since 1899 and today there are twelve faculties and degree programs in undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral levels in one hundred disciplines.

And, don't forget, Heidelberg University and the city were the setting for the operetta, "The Student Prince," by Sigmund Romberg and based on Wilhelm Meyer-Forster's play, "Old Heidelberg." The operetta is performed each summer at the Heidelberg Castle Festival and is delightful and charming to see.

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Comments 57 comments

Peanutritious profile image

Peanutritious 4 years ago from Cheshire, UK

I was in Heidelberg many years ago and found it to be a charming and beautiful place. Thanks for all of this history and background information that I didn't know. A fascinating hub. Voted up!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Peanutritious: Thanks so much for reading and I'm glad it brought back fond memories for you. I loved Heidelberg when I visited - the castle and the university where the highlights for me. Thanks for the vote - most appreciated!


lovebuglena profile image

lovebuglena 4 years ago from Staten Island, NY

An interesting and informative hub you have written here. Voted up. Thanks for sharing.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

So glad you enjoyed this article. Thanks for visiting and for your comments - most appreciated!


Mhatter99 profile image

Mhatter99 4 years ago from San Francisco

Exceptional your,as always. Thank you


algarveview profile image

algarveview 4 years ago from Algarve, Portugal

Hello, Suzette, loved your virtual tour, seems a wonderful place to visit, I would not mind at all spending a week or two at Heidelberg, I actually always wanted to visit the Black Forest area in Germany and this hub just makes me want to go even more... Loved the photos... Voted up, interesting and useful and sharing and pinning! Take care!


carol7777 profile image

carol7777 4 years ago from Arizona

We lived in France many years ago and I remember the beauty of this city. It brought back many memories. You did a wonderful job with descriptions and of course your beautiful photos. Thanks for sharing all this..and voted UP.


Hyphenbird profile image

Hyphenbird 4 years ago from America-Broken But Still Beautiful

Heidelberg is gorgeous. I love those old buildings. Another place on my To see list. Thanks for the great information also.


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 4 years ago

Beautiful hub about a beautiful city and area. Heidelberg is a such a great city to walk around and the Neckar is so beautiful. Also, they have a lovely Christmas market in their marketplace every year. Great hub. Voted up and shared!


fpherj48 profile image

fpherj48 4 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

suzette....This is marvelous!! You have just brought me back to some of my best memories. I had the great opportunity to live in Heidelberg, Germany, for 6 wonderful and exciting months at 2 different times. My brother-in-law and sister lived there for a few years due to his tour of duty with the U.S. Army, Signal Corp Battalion. What a positive and unique time this was for me.

I saw soooo much. Many of the beautiful places you mention. I met quite a few sweet and friendly German people. One family in particular, who became good friends to all of us.

Thank you for this suzette. I love it!.................Effer


Alastar Packer profile image

Alastar Packer 4 years ago from North Carolina

What a German gem Heidelberg is. Seems it escaped the worst of the WW2 bombings and that's a good think for posterity. Enjoyed learned the history of the castle and university- a must see if that region of Germany.. Well written and good selection of pics. Up use and inter suzette!


fpherj48 profile image

fpherj48 4 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

I did it again.....Took the time to leave a comment, but then did not "post it"....tsk tsk...what's wrong with me?

Here we go again....I LOVE this hub. It has brought back some wonderful memories for me....of the year I spent in Heidelberg, Germany.....split into 2 -stays @ 6 months each.

Everything you have shared and more is the beauty and excitement of this much-loved German city. I saw and did so much and met the most interesting German people. One family in particular became friends with me and my family and kept up a "pen pal" relationship for years.

I will always try to make my dream of returning to Heidelberg for an extended stay, a reality!

Thank you so much for this Suzette!!............UP+++


Amy Becherer profile image

Amy Becherer 4 years ago from St. Louis, MO

This is a beautiful writing about a place that looks magical, Suzette. I appreciate being able to "visit" places I know I will never see in person. Even if I had the finances to allow travel, I would be too afraid today to set my sights far from home. Your travel pieces allow me to broaden my horizons without the fear of the unknown or unpredictable in travel. The photographs make the magic real on an awesome trip.


Movie Master profile image

Movie Master 4 years ago from United Kingdom

I visited Heidelberg many years ago, it's a beautiful and interesting place, your article has brought back memories and I enjoyed the information - much I didn't know!

Thank you and voted up!


vespawoolf profile image

vespawoolf 4 years ago from Peru, South America

I'm ready to pack up and head to Heidelberg right now! The photos you chose are beautiful. I also enjoyed the history of Heidelberg University. Voted up and shared!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Hi All: Sorry it has taken me so long to get to these comments. I have been in Toledo at my nephew's football game at the University of Toledo. He is one of five quarterbacks for the team and couldn't miss the home opener - they won against their biggest rival Bowling Green State University. Great game and great to see Ryan. Go Rockets!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Mhatter: Thanks so much! This is a great city to visit and I loved it when I was there. So much German culture to experience there. Thanks so much for reading and for your comments - most appreciated!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

alvarveview: Thanks so much for reading this article and for your comments. The votes are most appreciated also! This is a wonderful city to visit - so much German culture and entertainment. I particularly love university towns/cities. This is one of the best universities in Germany and Europe for that matter.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Carol: You lived in France? How wonderful. I love France and have visited there but I have lived in Germany and Spain. Glad you enjoyed Heidelberg - I love this city it is charming and endearing and I love university towns. I even saw "The Student Prince," here at the castle festival, but, of course, it was in German. Still wonderful! Thanks for the visit and glad this brought back fond memories for you.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Hi Hyphen: The architecture in this town is beautiful. You would love it. Another one too add to your list? You will have a great trip someday, Hyphen, and you will know exactly where you want to go and exactly what you want to see. You will love it! Thanks so much for visiting, reading and commenting. Most appreciated!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Glimmer Twin Fan: Sounds like you have been to Heidelberg. Isn't it a lovely city? I do know about the Christmas market. Each German city has one in their market square each Christmas. I lived in Wurzburg for a year and got to see many of the markets in the different towns at Christmas time. It is like Germany invented Christmas it is so beautiful and quaint there. Thanks so much for reading and for your comments! Most appreciated.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

effer: Good news - I received both your comments. LOL - It happens to me sometimes, too. I'm delighted that this brought back such wonderful memories for you. I have fond memories of Heidelberg, also. It is a great city and how fortunate you got to live there for six months twice! I am so glad you took advantage of that situation. The city is beautiful and the university is one of the best. So glad you experienced it all! I was living in Wurzburg for a year and got to Heidelberg about three times and loved it each time. Germany is one of the most beautiful of European countries. Thanks so much for reading and for your comments - most appreciated!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Alastar, Thank you so much. This is quite a city with the university and the castle and all. Yes, we are lucky it was not bombed to smitherines during the war. The ruins at the castle are just from natural causes and time and it is beautiful to see even though it is not all there. I have so many good memories of Heidelberg. Thanks so much for reading this and always for your input. Most appreciated!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Hi Amy, Thanks so much for reading this. You never know, life is funny, you just may travel someday. I never dreamed I'd live in Germany and I did. So anything is possible. This is a lovely, charming and cultural city in Germany. The Black Forest area is beautiful and the forest so thick that it was named black. I have very fond memories of Heidelberg and the castle and university make it a wonderful, cultural stop. So glad you enjoyed my "virtual tour". Thanks so much for reading, Amy, and for your input. Always appreciated!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

MM: Thanks so much for your visit. I'm glad this article brought back fond memories of Heidelberg for you. It did for me too. It has been a while since I have been there, but I do remember a lot about it. Thanks again for your interest and input. Most appreciated!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

vespawoolf: Thank you so much for taking the time to read this. I'm so glad you enjoyed it. Do visit it someday - it is a wonderful city with lots of charm and culture. Thanks for your input and for the votes - most appreciated!


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

When I visited my friend who lives in southern Germany we visited other places including, of course, her town of Herrenberg. I have written several hubs about my experiences in that part of the country. Would love to someday see Heidelberg. It looks and sounds like a fascinating and beautiful place. Up, useful and interesting votes and will share.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

PeggyW: So glad you have traveled to Germany, one of the most beautiful of European countries. Heidelberg is a beautiful and charming German city full of culture. I have never yeard of Herrenberg, but I would like to see that city also. The Black Forest area of Germany is breathtaking to see. Thanks so much for the visit and I'm glad if brought back fond memories of southern Germany for you. Thanks for your comments and your input - most appreciated!


billybuc profile image

billybuc 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

This one got by me; sorry about that! Great tour of a city I simply must see one of these years. Thank you for some wonderful pictures and some great history! Well done my friend!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Thanks so much for taking the time to read this. This is an enjoyable city full of great culture. I appreciated your input and your visit.


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 4 years ago from England

fifty five Nobel Prize laureates? Wow! mind you I wouldn't have minded studying science etc there! what a fantastic place. the photo of the bridge and Heidelberg Castle makes me want to jump on a plane now and go and explore, just my kind of place, wonderful hub and great info, voted up and shared, nell


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 4 years ago from malang-indonesia

Very informative hub. I had never heard about Heidelberg. You have great information about this city and I know how this city so beautiful. I hope I can go there one day. Thanks for writing and share with us. Voted up!

Prasetio


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Hi Nell: I wouldn't mind studying anything there. LOL I'm glad you enjoyed reading this. I enjoyed writing it and it brought back fond memories for me. Thanks for your input - most appreciated!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

prasetio30: Glad you enjoyed this. This is a city full of German culture and education. It is truly a beautiful city. Thanks for reading and your input, comments and votes! Most appreciated.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

clever: Yes, I agree with you it is a great city to visit for a vacation. You would love it. Thanks so much for visiting and reading!


Alastar Packer profile image

Alastar Packer 4 years ago from North Carolina

Heidelburg is one cool Deutsche city. Nestled in the Black Forest and really not that many citizens relatively speaking. Sometimes we forget how beautiful Bavaria really can be. You've done a good history on it Suzette, and wow what a standout castle. I've been to northern Germany and sure would like to see Bavaria some day..sigh.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Alastar: you would enjoy this city. It is full of fun and culture at the same time. Get a tour together and I'll be the guide. I know Bavaria pretty well having lived there. I love Germany - it is my home away from home! Thanks so much for reading this and commenting.


Alastar Packer profile image

Alastar Packer 4 years ago from North Carolina

You got a deal on the tour suzette!- just as soon as my ship comes in lol!:) Hmm, on second thought we may not have to wait on it, would a day trip to Switzerland be included?


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

You're on! Wouldn't it be fun for a group of us to do? Of course, we'd go to Switzerland. I have only been in the German speaking part of Switzerland. So we need to tour the French speaking part. Anyone for Geneva? We could spend more than a day in Switzerland! LOL. Europe is always calling me back and Germany truly is my home away from home. Ah the memories we could create!


vox vocis profile image

vox vocis 4 years ago

I haven't been to Heidelberg yet, but I hear about it on the Eagle every day. I also had no idea it was such a beautiful city before reading this hub. I'm hoping to visit Wiesbaden soon. I live in Aschaffenburg (near Frankfurt) and I was happy to see that you had lived in W├╝rzburg. I do envy you on living in Italy, though.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

vox: OMG, you are living in Aschaffenburg - I was just there two years ago - I went first to Italy to visit my relatives (I haven't really lived in Italy, just visited family many times) and then to Wurzburg and Germany to visit some friends. Are you connected with the military in some way? I was a DODDS teacher in Wurzburg at the American high school about 30 years ago. I love Germany and it is my home away from home. You must get to Heidelberg some weekend - it really is not that far from you. You will enjoy the city. Also, I just checked out the seeksuccess site and I like it. I plan to join it soon. Thanks so much for the infor and for visiting this hub. Most appreciated!


vox vocis profile image

vox vocis 4 years ago

Well, if you ever come back to Aschaffenburg or anywhere near, you know who's expecting you for coffee or dinner :) I'm not connected to the military, but I listen to their radio because it helps me to "escape" from Germany and connect to something closer to my heart. I moved here because my husband was born, lives and works here. He'd leave, too but wishes and reality are often not the same thing. We do hope to move back to (my) home, but I try not to think about it much and just live and make the best out of this experience. I'm so glad I met you, especially because we seem to have a lot in common :)

P.S. I'm glad you like SeekSuccess. Justin has invested so much time, knowledge and money into that site. I plan to write a bit more there and help building the community. Thank you for showing interest and deciding to join the site. Even if things are a little slow there, don't be discouraged :)


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

vox: You are so sweet to invite me. The next time I'm in Germany, I will certainly let you know. Germany is home away from home for me and I know I will be back soon someday. Although, I can relate to how you feel also. It is difficult being a foreigner and I'm sure you love listening to the armed forces radio. I lived on the German economy and had German landlords, but I also had a core American group to run around with also. I made German friends when I lived there but the majority of my friends were Americans. I do hope you and your husband get back to the US soon, but I think the German economy is better than ours here right now. So, you might be in the best place after all. Germany was much different when I lived there - it was still divided and much more German than I noticed it was two years ago. The world has become global and everywhere is becoming the same. I also heard so much more English than I ever did when I lived there. I was amazed. I couldn't believe it when I saw a cappucino cafe in the marktplatz in Wurzburg. Too weird for me.


Millionaire Tips profile image

Millionaire Tips 4 years ago from USA

This makes me want to call up my agent and get some plane tickets now! Thanks for the beautiful tour - it does look like a gorgeous city to visit. I've been to Germany, but didn't get to Heidelberg. Voted up.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Millionaire: Do see this city some time when in Germany. It is certainly worth the visit and the Black Forest and area are just stunning. As pretty as Bavaria. Thanks so much for reading and I'm glad you enjoyed this. Your comments are most appreciated!


moonlake profile image

moonlake 4 years ago from America

I lived in Karlsruhe and we would get to Heidelberg once in a while. Beautiful city. Great hub. Voted uP!


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

moonlake: I've been to Karlsruhe also. Were you connected with the military? I was a teacher at Wurzburg for DODDS, and that is how I did so much traveling in Germany. I love Heidelberg. Thanks so muchn for reading and for your comments. Most appreciated!


moonlake profile image

moonlake 4 years ago from America

My dad was in the military and I went to the American school there many, many years ago.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

I'm so glad you had the opportunity to travel with your dad in the military. I taught in Wurzburg, many, many many years ago. I was at the high school, but it is no longer there. In fact, the whole base was closed down in 2008, I believe. I have wonderful memories of Germany and of working at the high school.


ata1515 profile image

ata1515 4 years ago from Buffalo, New York.

That's a beautiful looking city. I have always wanted to visit Germany to see the castles and old buildings. Voted up and shared.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM Author

ata: Thanks so much for reading this. Do visit Germany some day - it is breathtakingly beautiful and you would love it! Thanks for the visit - most appreciated!


Gypsy48 profile image

Gypsy48 3 years ago

Heidelberg is indeed a beautiful city. I love castles and make it a point to explore as many as I can whenever I get to travel to Europe. I have climbed the steps to Heidelberg Castle and it was well worth it, don't know if I could make that climb today! Great job suzette. Voted up.


saitam profile image

saitam 3 years ago from Lisbon

Nice hub, I was there during the new years eve, it was not so green and sunny but still it is a beautiful city. There are also two very good sites to view the city from the mountain, as you show in the first image.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 3 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Gypsy: Thank you for reading this and I'm glad it brought back lovely memories for you. I climbed the Heidelberg steps, too and I agree, I don't think I could do it today. Glad I did it way back when! lol Thanks for your input - most appreciated.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 3 years ago from Taos, NM Author

saitam: Thank you so much for your comments. I bet Heidelberg was beautiful in the winter, too. I think in is a beautiful city no matter what time of year it is. So glad you enjoyed this and it brought back good memories for you.


Daniel1137 profile image

Daniel1137 2 years ago from Athens, Georgia

We spent two days here many years ago. I still have vivid memories. Wonderful and eclectic town. Castles ruins were unforgettable.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 2 years ago from Taos, NM Author

Daniel: I just love Heidelberg. It is just a lovely city and as your say the castle's ruins are remarkable and unforgettable. I have been here many times and each visit was so special. Glad you enjoyed reading this.

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