In examining the short stories of Bierce and Crane, the scientific world that Darwin explains seems to emerge and the characters appear to be driven by Naturalist philosophy.
In Shakespeare's play Hamlet the question of Gertrude's guilt is never explicitly stated, yet the effects of it are clearly seen. In viewing her eventual death from a Sartrean perspective, it becomes evident that her suicide is her reclamation of agency and an expression of overburdened guilt.
In 14th century Europe, the Catholic Church stood at the height of its corruption, which would soon be challenged in the 1500s by the Reformation wrought by Martin Luther. Yet before that, Geoffry Chaucer, the father of English literature, used his magnum opus to reveal this rampant corruption.
A discussion of Plato's "Allegory of the Cave" that delves into the existentialist elements of the allegory and exposes the nature of 'radical' freedom in the face of Athenian sophists and contemporary bad faith or Sartrean mauvaise foi.
The two central ideas of one of Fydor Dostoyevsky's celebrated novels are eponymic, crime, and punishment. Yet, a third critical arc of the story can lead us to reexamine Dostoyevsky's novel in the light of Christian symbols. So thus what if the novel was titled Crime and Punishment and Redemption?