The Jefferson nickel series started in 1938 and is still in use today. Over the years the series has undergone many changes: the silver nickels during World War II, the 2004 and 2005 Westward Journey nickels, and finally today's facing portrait of Jefferson and Monticello.
To bring revenue into the state treasuries during the 1930s, states started issuing sales tax tokens to cover the tax due on small purchases. The state of Kansas issued two small metallic tokens used to pay the sales tax on inexpensive items purchased at stores throughout the state.
The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. This important document proclaimed to the world that the original 13 American colonies were free from British rule.
Born in colonial Pennsylvania, Benjamin West showed early talent as an artist. As a young man he traveled to Italy to study under master artists. He quickly became one of the leading painters of the 18th century in England.
Barber dimes, or “Liberty Head” dimes as they are also called, were minted from 1892 to 1916 and are popular with coin collectors. The purpose of this article is to give Barber dime collectors a basic understanding of the series, including the history, major rarities, and tips for collecting.
John Forbes Nash, Jr., was a brilliant mathematician who rose to the top of his field and was struck down in the prime of his life by the debilitating mental illness of paranoid schizophrenia. After decades of treatment for his illness, he emerged to become a great mathematician once again.
André Marie Ampère was a French physicist and mathematician who made important contributions to the fields of chemistry, philosophy, and electromagnetism. He is most remembered for discovering the quantitative link between the two then-mysterious forces of electricity and magnetism.
King George III of Great Britain has been portrayed as a ruthless and insane king who fought to keep the rebellious colonists within the British Empire during the American Revolutionary War. However, there is much more to the story as he was a man of many talents.
On May 1, 1960, CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers was shot down deep inside the Soviet Union. The recovered cameras from the wreckage of a U-2 spy plane along with the capture of the pilot caused an international incident, deepening the Cold War divide between the Soviet Union and the United States.
The silver shilling coin minted during the reign of King James I of Great Britain is an interesting coin full of history. The coin doesn’t have a date, but we know it was minted in 1605 or 1606 in London.
Dwight D. Eisenhower served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961. During his eight years in office, many important events occurred throughout the country and the world, including: the Korean War, the Space Race, the Vietnam War, the Civil Rights Movement, and much more.
Mamie Eisenhower was the wife of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the 34th president of the United States. During her eight years as First Lady she was very popular with the public and known as a wonderful hostess for White House functions.
King George I of Great Britain, Scotland, and Ireland is often called the “lucky king” because of the string of events that brought the German born prince to the throne of Britain. During his reign the power of the monarch diminished, while the modern system of British government arose.
Late in the 18th century the British colonists living in North America began to rebel due to the harsh treatment they were receiving from the British. Delegates from the colonies came together in Philadelphia in 1774 to form the 1st Continental Congress to deal with the British aggression.
Encased coins are coins mounted in a custom-made holder and used as good luck charms and advertising souvenirs. This article introduces the different types of encased coins and gives estimates on their valuations.
Martha Washington, the wife of the first president of the United States, George Washington, established many of the customs that were followed by First Ladies for generations in the White House. Starting from scratch, she defined the role of First Lady.
The ancient Greek scholar named Anaximander was the author of the first surviving passage of Western philosophy. He speculated on the origin of the universe and did fundamental work in the fields of astronomy, geography, biology, and philosophy.
The ancient Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus was believed to be the first philosopher of the Western tradition. His work laid the groundwork for the advancement of philosophy and ultimately the development of the sciences.
The ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle touched upon nearly every area of the physical world, from biology to astronomy. In the field of human endeavor, his interests and writing varied from ethics to political science.
The first coins were struck in ancient Lydia, modern-day Turkey, in about the seventh century BC. These early coins were made of a mixture of gold and silver called electrum. From that point, the production of coinage spread rapidly throughout Europe and Asia.
Plato has been hailed as one of the most dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition and one of the most influential authors in the history of philosophy. In ancient Athens, Plato established the Academy, the first school of higher education in the Western world.
The ancient philosopher Socrates lived in Athens during the Golden Age of Athens and is credited with laying the philosophical foundations of Western culture. He is known as the “father of Western philosophy” for his contributions.
The year 1918 was a tragic year for America and the world, as an influenza pandemic known as the Spanish flu swept the globe, leaving millions of dead in its wake. This article details the timeline of this horrific event in the history of mankind.
In the sixth century BCE in ancient Greece a man named Pythagoras started a cult with hundreds of followers who were sworn to secrecy, lived an ascetic lifestyle, and studied mathematics, music, and astronomy.
George Washington, the first president of the United States, had many challenges in building a new nation. Nevertheless, he accomplished many things during his eight years as president: defining the role of a president, setting up a national bank, levying taxes, and quelling a rebellion.
George Washington was the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War with Great Britain. Washington’s cunning and tenacity as a general was key to America gaining independence from Britain.
George Washington started his military career during the beginning of the French and Indian War as a Virginia militia officer. He was forced to surrender Fort Necessity to the French and helped rally the troops after the death of General Braddock during the Battle of the Monongahela.
The pamphlet "Common Sense," written by Thomas Paine in 1776, with the assistance of the patriot leader Dr. Benjamin Rush, was one of the deciding factors that prompted the colonists in America to take up arms and seek independence from Great Britain.
The Declaration of Independence, written in 1776, is one of the founding documents of the United States. This timeline describes the important events associated with the Declaration, and they are illustrated with U.S. postage stamps.
The 1921 Missouri Centennial commemorative half dollar coin was minted to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the state of Missouri’s entrance into the United States in 1821 as the 24th state.
Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin was a pioneering astrophysicist and one of the preeminent women astronomers of all time. During the 1920s she derived the cosmic abundance of the elements from stellar spectra and demonstrated for the first time that hydrogen and helium were the most abundant elements.
Observations of the moons of Jupiter and the phases of Venus in 1610 made by the Italian inventor and scientist Galileo Galilei using a small telescope brought further evidence of the reality of Nicolaus Copernicus’ sun-centered universe model.
William Penn was a seventeenth-century English Quaker, an advocate of civil and religious liberty, and founder of the colony of Pennsylvania. Under his guidance, the colony of Pennsylvania became prosperous and the city of Philadelphia was laid out and developed.
The important events in the life of the explorer Christopher Columbus are given in a timeline. The events are illustrated with United States Postage Stamps and Coins.
Though Christopher Columbus was not the first European to discover North America, he was the first to map parts of two new continents and begin the process of Spanish colonization of the New World.
This timeline of the stock market crash of 1929 gives a chronology of events, quotes from individuals involved in the markets, Dow Jones Industrial Average pricing information, economic data from the 1920s and 1930s, and major newspaper headlines that tell the story of the market crash.
Herbert Hoover, who was the thirty-first president of the United States, was known as the Great Engineer and the Great Humanitarian for his efforts before he became president. After his presidency, he is remembered for the Great Stock Market Crash of 1929 and the start of the Great Depression.
The stock of the Gilead Sciences, Inc. (symbol: GILD) has been doing well since the coronavirus (COVID 19) outbreak. In recent news (May 2020) their trials on the anti-viral drug remdesivir were successful and may provide a solid income stream for the company.
The stock of the Dollar General Corporation (symbol: DG) has been doing well since the coronavirus outbreak. Consumers are flocking to the stores to stock up on products necessary to live through the pandemic.
The epic story of the journey across a vast ocean and a life and death struggle for survival of a small band of religious zealots in an unknown new land is the story of the Pilgrims and the birth of Plymouth Colony in New England. They celebrated America's first Thanksgiving in fall of 1621.
The area around Boston began to boom in the 1630s when thousands of emigrants came from England seeking a new life. A group of religious refugees, the Puritans, founded Massachusetts Bay Colony, which formed the basis of modern-day New England.
The war between Mexico and the United States, fought from 1846 to 1848, cost Mexico nearly half their territory and opened western North America to U.S. expansion. This was a war of conquest to fulfill the promise of “Manifest Destiny.”
Franklin Pierce, the 14th president of the United States, was ill-prepared to lead a nation on the verge of civil war. His support of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill brought bloody turmoil to Kansas and opened the door to slavery in the West.
The state of Texas has the unique distinction of being the only state to enter the Union as an independent nation, the Republic of Texas. The issue of slavery and potential war with Mexico would delay until 1845 Texas becoming the 28th state.
Winfield Scott was an American army officer who served in military conflicts from the War of 1812 through the Civil War. Scott served under presidents from Thomas Jefferson to Abraham Lincoln and built the U.S. Army from a small disorganized group to a disciplined professional force.
Margaret Taylor was the wife of American President Zachary Taylor, who served in the White House from March 1849 until his sudden death in July of 1850. Mrs. Taylor suffered from ill health much of her life and shied away from the Washington, D.C., social spotlight.
The Morgan silver dollar minted from 1878 to 1921 is the most widely collected United States coin of that era. This article has tips and helpful information on collecting these treasures of yesteryear.
A Serbian-born inventor and engineer, Nikola Tesla is known for his many inventions, particularly in the modern alternating-current electricity motors and generators. His forceful mind also invented early versions of the radio, robots, and remote control.
Vice President Millard Fillmore became president upon the sudden death of President Zachary Taylor in 1850. Fillmore inherited the heated debate over the spread of slavery, which culminated in a series of laws known as the Compromise of 1850.
Andrew Johnson was sworn in as president of the United States after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Johnson quickly made many enemies in Congress and became the first president to face an impeachment trial in the Senate.
The framers of the U.S. Constitution allowed a method to remove a sitting president or other civil officers from public office through the process of impeachment. In September 2019, the Speaker of the House announced that formal impeachment hearings would begin against President Donald Trump.
Inventor, scientist, and architect are among the many titles that the brilliant and highly productive seventeenth century scientist Robert Hooke has been given. For he was a man of many talents, making discoveries in diverse fields of science and technology.
Sir Isaac Newton has been hailed as one of the greatest minds the world has ever known, revolutionizing the sciences of physics and mathematics. His masterwork, the Principia, is one of the most important works of science of all time.
Born into slavery, Frederick Douglass would eventually escape his bondage and go on to be one of the most influential African Americans. Douglass was also a supporter of women's suffrage, the abolitionist cause, and held several public offices.
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish priest and astronomer in the 16th century who took the bold step of placing the sun at the center of the solar system instead of the earth. His most famous work is "On the Revolutions of Celestial Spheres" published in 1532.
The radical abolitionist John Brown, who many said was insane, led a small group of men to attack the U.S. military arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859. Many have regarded this bold act as the spark that ignited the American Civil War.
George Washington Carver is one of America’s best-known agricultural chemists, educators, and botanists. He invented hundreds of agricultural products that are in use today and helped lift many southern farm families out of poverty through his extension work.
The American patriot leader John Hancock was a wealthy New England importer and exporter of all types of goods. In 1768 he was accused of smuggling, and his ship the Liberty was seized by the British. This incident would add fuel to the already smoldering fire that became the American revolution.
Samuel Adams was an early patriot leader who led the British colonists into the American Revolutionary War and was key in setting up the new government of the United States.
John Quincy Adams was diplomat, secretary of state, and sixth president of the United States during the early nineteenth century. Though his term as president was undistinguished, his service as a diplomat and congressman were exceptional.
Melania Trump and Louisa Catherine Adams are the only two first ladies of the United States born outside the country. Louisa was the wife of President John Quincy Adams; her many talents included her ability to socialize in the highest circles, as well as being the woman behind the man.
John Adams was a one of the founding fathers of America—an important leader who helped the colonies gain freedom from Great Britain. In the new republic, he served as a diplomat to European nations, the first vice president, and the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801.
Counterfeit coins have always been a problem for coin collectors. This article has some basic tips to help you avoid getting ripped off by purchasing fake or altered coins. A little knowledge about avoiding counterfeit coins can save you a lot of money.
During the four-year term of President James K. Polk, America grew to encompass the land from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans. Many felt this great expansion of the country was the providence of God and the fulfillment of America’s Manifest Destiny.
Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, industrialist, inventor of dynamite, and founder of the Nobel Prize. Since the first Nobel Prize was awarded in 1901, nearly a thousand winners have each won world renown and a small fortune for their hard work and creativity.
Julius Robert Oppenheimer was the leader in the design, development, and construction of the first atomic bomb during World War II. He also was a gifted university teacher and researcher in physics.
Two 1864 Civil War letters give us a glimpse into the lives to two Pennsylvania families, the Riders and the Zieglers. While the men fought to preserve the Union, the mother and wife waited at home hoping and praying for the safety of their men.
A quick and easy board and batten style DIY project to update your home entryway. The whole project cost fewer than $100 and took only a few hours.
Born on her family’s private island in Long Island Sound, Julia Gardiner would go on to marry the tenth president of the United States, John Tyler. Though her stay at the White House was only eight months, the young beauty would leave a lasting mark on the Washington social scene.
In the summer of 1969, the spacecraft Apollo 11 made an epic journey to the moon with three brave astronauts aboard. The space flight culminated when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin made an historic walk on the surface of the moon.
President Kennedy set a lofty goal of putting a man on the moon before the end of the 1960s. This is the story of the Apollo Program leading up to the moon landing of Apollo 11.
Michael Collins was the pilot of the Command Module on the journey of the three-man crew to the moon during the epic 1969 Apollo 11 mission. This is his story.
The presidential election of 1840 turned out to be a sea change in the way campaigns were run. All the modern tricks, such as avoiding the issues, telling the people what they wanted to hear, and of course parades, parties, and cheap whiskey, would become the norm.
Many books, articles, and even a television series tell of the many exciting exploits of the legendary frontiersman Daniel Boone, however, many embellish his accomplishments. It would be over a century after his death before his real story would emerge.
The chemist and publisher William Crookes was a well-known figure in the scientific community in Britain during the nineteenth century. In addition to his work as a scientist, he conducted controversial investigations into spiritualism, trying to reconcile the spiritual and physical worlds.
The farm boy from New Zealand, Ernest Rutherford, would go on to uncover the inner mysteries of the atom and become the father of nuclear physics.
J.J. Thomson discovered the electron in 1897 and led the Cavendish Laboratory into a world-class research institution. His work opened he field of subatomic physics to experimental investigation and helped unravel the inner workings of the atom.
Buzz Aldrin is an American U.S. Air Force pilot and astronaut who took part in the historic Apollo 11 mission, during which he became the second person to step onto the lunar surface. Prior to Apollo 11, Aldrin was prime crew of NASA’s Gemini 12 mission.
The physicist and chemist Marie Curie’s work with radiation paved the way for the development of nuclear physics and cancer therapy. She overcame many challenges to become the only women to have received two Nobel Prizes for her work.
Neil Armstrong, history’s most famous space traveler, learned to fly at a young age and loved it. He honed his flying skills in the cockpit of a jet fighter during the Korean War and ultimately took mankind’s first step on the moon.
The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961 was a failed attempt by Cuban exiles who were organized, financed, and led by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency to overthrow the revolutionary regime of Premier Fidel Castro.
The South African born entrepreneur Elon Musk is known for founding the electric car company, Tesla Motors, and SpaceX, which launched a rocket that would send the first commercial vehicle to the International Space Station.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in October 1962 over Soviet nuclear-capable missiles in Cuba. The conflict ended with the Soviets removing the missiles, and nuclear war was averted.
The Scottish-born inventor and innovator was credited with inventing the first practice telephone, helping improve the lives of the deaf, and founding Bell Telephone Company.
Alan Turing was a British mathematician and early computer scientist who had a fundamental role in the advancement of computer science. During World War II, Turing led a team of codebreakers to crack secret messages sent by the German military via the Enigma machine, thus shortening the war.
Steve Jobs, co-founder of the Apple Inc. company, was a legendary entrepreneur and business magnate who helped revolutionize the way we use personal electronics. From the early Apple I computer to the iPhone, Steve Jobs has had a lasting impact on modern culture.
Charles Babbage is best remembered for developing a steam-driven mechanical calculator in the nineteenth century known as the Difference Engine. Later he enhanced the design, like the modern programmable computer, that he called the Analytical Engine. Ada Lovelace later assisted him with his work.
Plastics have transformed the world with many new and convenient products we use in our everyday life. However, this nearly indestructible wonder material is clogging our oceans and landfills and slowly working its way into our food chain. Efforts are being made to recycle plastics.
James Butler Hickok, or “Wild Bill” as he came to be known, was a legendary gunfighter and lawman of the Old West. Hickok would become the prototype for the tough plainsman who helped settle the nineteenth-century frontier of America.
William “Buffalo Bill” Cody was a nineteenth-century bison hunter, scout, and Indian fighter who turned into a showman and had a great influence on the modern view of the taming of the Old West.
Henry A. Wallace was an American statesman who served as the 33rd vice president of the United States, in office between 1941 and 1945. He also served as secretary of agriculture and secretary of commerce.
John Nance Garner was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 32nd Vice President of the United States between 1933 and 1941. He was a member of the Democratic Party with a long career in public service who also served as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.
Eleanor Roosevelt was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945 as her husband, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, served as President of the United States for four consecutive terms. Throughout her husband’s long political career Eleanor became an influential political figure in the nation.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was an American statesman who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until 1945, winning four consecutive presidential elections. He is considered one of the greatest presidents in the history of the United States.
Conspiracy theories come and go; however, the second shooter theory in the assassination of presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy has valid points worthy of a closer look.
James Buchanan became president just before the United States plunged into the nation’s most deadly war between the pro-slavery southern states and the anti-slavery northern states. As the southern states seceded from the Union one by one in the last months of his presidency, he helplessly stood by.
Some things never change, including sex and politics in the nation's capitol. The Cabinet of President Andrew Jackson was no different than it is today with swirling rumors of scandal and adultery. However, the Petticoat Affair would ruin the careers of those in the president’s inner circle.
Martin Van Buren was the eight president of the United States and played a key role in the establishment of the Democratic Party.
John C. Calhoun was a life-long politician who serve two terms as vice present. He was known for his pro-slavery and pro-Southern politics.
Andrew Jackson served as the seventh president of the United States after gaining fame as a general in the United States army and serving in both houses of Congress. During his two terms as president, he sought to act as the direct representative of the “common man.”
Turning 50 years old and not having enough money saved for your retirement is a scary thing. In this article, I offer some ideas to help you cope with your financial condition and prepare for a comfortable retirement.
Tecumseh was one of the greatest American Indians, a Shawnee chief known for his skills as an orator and his talents as a gifted statesman, and as a founder of a pan-Indian confederation.
With so many retirement savings options available, it is hard to pick the right one for you. This article covers the basics on IRAs, Roth IRAs, 401(k)s, Health Savings Accounts, and more.
The War of 1812, or as it is sometimes called “second war of independence,” was a military conflict between the United States and Great Britain, which started in 1812 and ended in 1815. Though no official borders changed as a result of the war, it did solidify America into one nation.
This article discusses when to start saving for retirement and how to maximize your investments.
Technology and science are playing more important roles in sports around the world, as teams and individuals are hunting for that extra performance boost or a technique that speeds injury recovery.
James Monroe was a Founding Father of the United States who served as the fifth President of the United States from 1817 to 1825. Monroe was the last president of the Virginia dynasty, and his presidency ushered in what is known as the Era of Good Feelings.
Thomas Jefferson was a man of many talents, as well as being the third president of the United States, he was an accomplished writer, architect, naturalist, inventor, diplomat, and educator. Additionally, he was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence.
Many regard the contributions to science of the 19th century Scottish physicist, James Clerk Maxwell, as on par with Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein.
Like nearly every president before him, the first year of Donald Trump’s presidency was marked by controversy, a few successes, and some failures.
The cryptocurrency Ripple (XRP) has become the number two digital currency by market capitalization. The price alone increased by 35,000 percent in 2017.
Ivanka Trump currently serves in the presidential administration as an advisor to the President of the United States. She is also a TV personality, author, businesswoman, and fashion designer.
Melania Trump is the current First Lady of the United States and wife of the 45th President of the United States, Donald Trump.
Donald Trump is an American businessman, television personality, and politician who became president of the United States in 2016.
A frontier doctor of the 19th century who was key to ending the spread of yellow fever and confirmed the theory that yellow fever is transmitted by a particular mosquito species, rather than by direct contact
Michael Faraday was an English scientist famous for his discoveries in electricity and electrochemistry.
Michelle Obama is an American lawyer who became First Lady of the United States when her husband Barack Obama became president. She served two terms as First Lady from 2007 to 2019 and was the first African-American woman in that position.
Joe Biden was the 47th Vice President of the United States between 2009 and 2017. He is a member of the Democratic Party and represented Delaware in the U.S. Senator for six terms. On November 2, 2020, Joe Biden became the 46th president of the United States.
This is the second part of a two-part biography of Barack Obama covering his time as president of the United States and his retirement from public life.
This is part one of a two-part biography of Barack Obama, from his birth in Hawaii and his estrangement with his father, to his rise through the Illinois Senate until his arrival at the U.S. Senate.
“Black Monday,” as it came to be known, happened on October 19, 1987, and is the day the stock market took its worst one-day percentage drop in history. What were the causes, and will it happen again?
James Madison was the fourth president of the United States and one of main architects of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.
No other vice president has led such a troubled, complicated, unrestrained, and mysterious life as Aaron Burr. The famous and deadly duel between Burr and Alexander Hamilton in 1804 sealed his place in the annals of American History.
John Marshall was important in the development of the legal system of the United States, helping to lay the basis for United States constitutional law and make the Supreme Court what it is today. He served as the fourth Chief Justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835.
Benjamin Franklin was a man with many skills and talents. To name a few, he was an American Founding Father, a diplomat, scientist, inventor, author, and publisher. He is one of the founding fathers of the United States of America.
With all the discussion of whether an athlete should kneel or stand during the singing of the National Anthem, it brings up the question - where did this song we all know come from? The National Anthem was written during the War of 1812 to celebrate the resilience of the Americans.
Hillary Rodham Clinton, as wife of President Bill Clinton, served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. This is a short biography of her time in that office.
A short biography of Hillary Rodham Clinton, the wife of Bill Clinton, covering the years from her birth up through her years in Arkansas. She was interested in politics as early as high school.
Bill Clinton was the 42th President of the United States. from 1993 to 2001. He previously served as governor and attorney general of Arkansas. Clinton became the second U.S. president to be impeached after Andrew Johnson.
The Peace silver dollar came into being through the vocal requests of coin collectors to commemorate the end of World War I. It was the last dollar coin to be made of silver for general circulation.
Whether you love it, hate it, or don’t know much about it, marijuana is becoming a part of many American’s lives. It's legal in many states for medical and recreational usage.
Wernher von Braun was a German-American aerospace engineer who was one of the founders of the space program in the United States.
Charles A. Lindbergh was an American aviator, inventor, and military officer known for making the first non-stop transatlantic flight from North America to mainland Europe.
Dr. Robert Goddard was an American physicist, engineer, inventor, and professor, mostly known for being the creator of the first liquid-fueled rocket.
Watergate was a major political scandal that rocked the 1970s. Starting with a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters and ultimately leading to the downfall of President Richard Nixon.
Gerald R. Ford Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977, following the resignation of Richard Nixon.
Richard Nixon was the thirty-seventh President of the United States, in office between 1969 and 1974. Nixon had to resign due to the Watergate scandal and cover-up.
The Iran-Contra affair was a secret arrangement in the 80s to provide funds to the Nicaraguan Contra rebels from profits gained by selling arms to Iran during the administration of President Reagan.
Dan Quayle is an American politician who served as the 44th Vice President of the United States from 1989 to 1993, teaming with President George H.W. Bush.
The 1979 Iranian hostage crisis was an event that galvanized the nation as 52 Americans were held hostage for over a year in Iran. The drama drug for 444 days to become a major international event and soured the relationship between the United States and Iran.
President Ronald Reagan was a conservative icon who reshaped American politics and laid the groundwork for the end of the Cold War.
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and United States President Jimmy Carter signed the Camp David Accords in 1979 that resolved a conflict between Israel and Egypt that had gone on for decades.
John H. Glenn Jr. was an American aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio. In 1962, he was the first American to orbit the Earth, circling it three times. He set another record in 1998, at age 77, when he became the oldest human to journey into space.
The words "In God We Trust" have been on United States money for over a century. How did this motto get on our money? - here is the story.
The former First Lady Rosalynn Carter along with her husband, Jimmy Carter, have been active with the Habitat for Humanity organization and the Carter Center. During her years in the White House, she was active in politics, even sitting in on Cabinet meetings.
Jimmy Carter served as the 39th president of the United States. He presidency was embattled by the energy crisis, a Cold War with the Soviet Union, and civil unrest in America. The American Hostage Crisis in Iran was the turning point that cost him a second term as president.
Mike Pence is an American politician who has been serving as the 50th Governor of Indiana since January 2013. He is currently the Vice President of the United States.
Alexander Hamilton was an American statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was an influential promoter of the U.S. Constitution and founded the nation's finacial system.
The United States Federal governement loves to spend money resulting in a large debt. Is this large national debt significant or should we worry?
The ship Admiral Gardner sank in a raging storm in 1809 sending it to the bottom of the ocean along with thousands of copper coins that would take nearly two centuries to recover.
Put and Call Options can be used to help the investor protect their stock investments or can be used to generate income for the investor. This article is an introduction to equity options.
The shipwreck of the El Cazador with its vast silver coin hoard in 1784 would trigger a sequence of events which lead to America’s purchase of the vast track of land known as the Louisiana Territory.
The 2016 Mercury Dime Centennial Gold Coin. This is an event 100 years in the making. Beautifully struck in .9999 fine 24–karat gold and weighs one-tenth of a Troy ounce.
The world's love affair with gold continues after five thousand years. Gold is rare and beautiful, but where does it come from and what do we use it for?
What are the pros and cons of owning physical gold? This article addresses this question and presents both sides of the issue.
The gold standard was a monetary system by which the value of a currency was defined in terms of gold, for which the currency could be exchanged. The gold standard was generally abandoned in the Depression of the 1930s.
Nearly everyone is a coffee drinker, but few know where it comes from. Here's a short history of this magical hot black liquid.
Margaret Thatcher the first female prime minister of Britain, was a controversial leader of a conservative ideology during her time in office. She served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
William the Conqueror, sometimes known as William the Bastard, made himself the mightiest noble in France and then changed the course of England’s history by his conquest of that country. He reigning in England from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Angela Merkel has been the Chancellor of Germany since 2005, and the leader of the Christian Democratic Union since 2000. She is the first female Chancellor of Germany.
The mathematician Norbert Wiener invented the field of cybernetics, inspiring a generation of scientists and engineers to think of computer technology as a means to extend human capabilities.
On July 13, 2016, Theresa May became the United Kingdom’s second female Prime Minister after Margaret Thatcher.
Error Lincoln cent coins are interesting and fun to collect. Type of errors include: clipped planchet, blank planchet, defective die, off-center strike, and broadstrike.
Selling books on Amazon is not as easy as writing a book and uploading it to the platform. New authors, especially, find sales to be few and far between. There are ways to improve your book sales.
Real Estate Investment Trusts (REIT) and Masters Limited Partnerships (MLP) are investment vehicles that typically return a higher than average dividend.
Bonds or bond funds should be an important part of every investor's portfolio. They offer a steady return on your investment without the volatility of the stock market.
Tired of the bank CD’s paying less than one percent? Quality dividend-paying stocks can be an alternative to these low yields.
In today’s low-interest environment for investments, there is an alternative to the low rates, that is, high quality high yield dividend paying stocks. This article goes over the basic concepts necessary to invest in quality dividend paying stocks.
Thomas Edison ranks as one of the greatest inventors that has walked the face of the earth. He is responsible for inventing many of the wonderful devices we have come to enjoy in our daily lives.
Don’t get frustrated with all the information on stock market charts and tables. Learn the basics so you can safely and profitably buy and sell stocks.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition opened up the western United States for settlers.
Jesse Owens was the star athlete of the 1936 Berlin "Nazi" Olympic Games. A four-time gold medalist, he is one of the most celebrated U.S. track and field athletes in history.
Humphrey Bogart was a star of the silver screen during the 1940's and 1950's. He acted in dozens of movies and was a house-hold name during his time. The movies Casablanca and The African Queen were two of his most popular movies.
Lauren Bacall was a great American actress who worked in the film industry for most of her life. She won numerous awards and stared in dozens of movies.
A woman who overcame tremendous odds to become a well known astronomer that help classify the stars and become the Curator of Astronomical Photographs at Harvard College Observatory.
Edward Pickering was instrumental in bring the systematic study of Astronomy to Harvard College Observatory.
Henrietta Leavitt was a female astronomer who overcame the handicap of deafness to make important discovers that led to our understanding of the scale of the universe. She is most remembered for her discover of the relationship between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variables.
Harlow Shapley was one of the most remarkable astronomers of his era. He helped us determine our place in the Universe.
Edmund Halley wasn't just a great astronomer he made important contributions to science in many areas.
An outstanding astronomer and scientist that advanced our understanding of comets and orbital theory. He proposed the icy conglomerate, or "dirty snowball," hypothesis of comet composition.
NASA's Mars rover named Curiosity continues to roam the planet and gather valuable scientific information about the red planet.
These chunks of ice and rock are plentiful in the solar system and occasionally one makes a dramatic visit to the night sky.
Annie Jump Cannon was an inspiring woman astronomer who, despite her handicap of being deaf, rose to prominence and developed a system for classification of stars that is still in use today.
Maria Mitchell was a trail blazer in her day. She was an accomplished astronomer and teacher and set an example for many young women.
The crypto currency Bitcoin is rapidly moving toward the main stream. Learn about buying and using this digital currency.
The latest orbiter to reach Mars was launched by the Indian government. The Indians are the latest member in a most exclusive club to reach the red planet, which includes Russia, Europe and the USA. Interestingly, they are the first nation to...
Percival Lowell was a tireless astronomer who added greatly to our understanding of Mars and started the search for the planet Pluto. He founded the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona.
Edwin Hubble was an astronomer the made discoveries that fundamentally altered our understanding of the scale of the universe.
NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft will explore the Red Planet’s upper atmosphere, ionosphere and interactions with the sun and solar wind.
The two moons of Mars are large rocks that look like lumpy potatoes and their names are Phobos and Deimos. Mars' moons are among the smallest natural satellites in the solar system.
Mars is often called the “Fourth Rock from the Sun” and is the last of the solid planets before we encounter the gas giants of Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Uranus. Mars has a thin atmosphere, exhibits weather, and is the most like the Earth of any of the planets.
It is possible that the Sun could have a really minor tantrum and spit an insignificant portion of its mass at us and literally plunge us right back into the Dark Ages. No power; no lights; no computers, elevators, radio or television; no cars...
Getting started with your own eBook isn't as hard as you might think. Give it a try!
Audio books comprise the fastest growing sector of the publishing industry. This is not surprising at all, given the convenience offered to avid readers by the audio book platform.
Don't get duped when it comes to buying and selling silver bullion. Do it the right way—just like the pros do.
Twitter isn't only a means of connecting with your friends and family, it can be a valuable business asset to the word out about your product or service.
Twitter can be used to increase your market share. This is a test case for using Twitter to market 2012 American Silver Eagle coins on eBay.
The American Silver Eagle one-Troy-ounce silver coin is a very popular coin with silver collectors and investors. Tables list quantities minted by year and likely eBay prices.