"You have to choose between trusting the natural stability of gold and the natural stability of the honesty and intelligence of the members of the Government and, with due respect to these gentlemen, I advise you to vote for gold." (George Bernard Shaw)
When the Portuguese began to fight their way into the gold trade, they discovered that there was a great demand for human labour in the interior, that is, in the area where the gold was being produced. In order to profit from this demand they began to buy or capture slaves in the area of Benin.
“once extracted from the earth it can be made into artefacts or coins, melted down again, turned into bars or jewelleries, sold, smuggled, looted or stolen; changing its appearance but retaining its essential character.”
“Early European attempts at mining were failures because they were based on assumptions that indigenous production methods could be improved upon. As experience showed, this was just not true.”
Almost everyone has some, yet it is one of the rarest of all the world’s metals. It has been estimated that it comprises only 3.5 parts per billion of the world’s crust, yet tens of thousands of people are employed to find it and mine it. Men & women have died for it and empires have risen & fallen