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Joined 11 years ago

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  • Utamaro


    9 years ago

    The most representative Japanese color-print artist of the Ukiyo-e, or Popular, school, Kitagawa Utamaro (1753-1806) was one of the first Japanese artists to be consistently popular in the West. He was born in Edo (modern Tokyo), where he received...

  • Emperor Meiji

    Emperor Meiji

    9 years ago

    The one hundred and twenty-second emperor of Japan, Mutsuhito (1852-1919) ascended to the throne in 1867 and adopted the name Meiji ('Enlightened Rule') for the period of his reign, which saw major changes in internal and external policies, these...

  • Japanese Prose

    Japanese Prose

    10 years ago

    From the tenth century, the travel diary and personal diary became popular prose forms. The Tosa Nikki (The Gossamer Years), covers the life of a prime minister's second wife between AD 954 and 974, and the Genji Monogatari (c.1010) describes the...

  • Japanese Poetry

    Japanese Poetry

    10 years ago

    Because all Japanese words end in one of only a few vowels, rhyme is not important in Japanese poetry. Instead, a particular balance of syllables is used, arranged over a set number of lines. This form also distinguishes poetry from prose....

  • Kamakura Period

    Kamakura Period

    9 years ago

    Civil unrest, renewed contact with China and the introduction of Zen all had a marked effect on Japanese art and architecture. In the architecture of the Kamakura period a tone of solemn austerity prevails with an emphasis on verticality. Both...

  • Meiji Period

    Meiji Period

    9 years ago

    With the Meiji restoration (1868) came a great enthusiasm for all things western, which naturally had an impact upon art and architecture. In painting, the introduction of concepts such as shading and perspective gave rise to a school of realism. ...

  • Momoyama Period

    Momoyama Period

    9 years ago

    Japan's finest teahouses were constructed during this period. Prominent among their designers was Seno no Rikyu (1521-91) whose Taian at Kyoto (1582), using traditional wood, plaster and matting, creates a mood of poetic rusticity. The other main...

  • Nara Period

    Nara Period

    9 years ago

    Japanese Buddhism found its finest expression in the arts and architecture of the Nara period. The establishment of the new capital allowed the development of more complex and permanent forms of architecture. Outstanding are the Toshodaiji Temple...

  • Yayoi Period

    Yayoi Period

    9 years ago

    The succeeding Yayoi culture developed a form of raised dwelling supported by piles and introduced a roof which was the forerunner of the pavilion type. The Yayoi Japanese erected a number of megalithic structures, most notably the huge stone...

  • Heian Period

    Heian Period

    9 years ago

    This era saw a temporary waning of Chinese influence and the gradual assertion of essentially Japanese design in the arts. In architecture, the demands of building the new capital at Heian-kyo (now Kyoto) led to the first palaces, temples and...

  • Muromachi Period

    Muromachi Period

    9 years ago

    This was not an era of great architectural development; the most important innovations were the adoption of additional storeys in Japanese buildings and the full development of the shoin style of domestic architecture. The powerful Shogun...

  • Edo Period

    Edo Period

    9 years ago

    Edo (modern Tokyo) became the capital under the Tokugawa shogunate which encouraged the construction of many religious buildings. Their own mausoleums at Nikko (1634-36) are the culmination of opulent display in Japanese art. They comprise a series...

  • Asuka Period

    Asuka Period

    9 years ago

    During the second half of the fifth century, Buddhism became the official religion of Japan. Chinese art and custom, first introduced during the Yayoi period, almost entirely supplanted the indigenous culture. Representation of the major Buddhist...

  • Hokkaido Island

    Hokkaido Island

    9 years ago

    The second largest and northernmost of the four main islands of Japan, Hokkaido is Japan's largest prefecture and the least developed of the islands. Hokkaido covers 78,040 km2, which is approximately 21 per cent of Japan's total land area, and has...

  • Hiroshige


    9 years ago

    Hiroshige (1797-1858) was a Japanese painter and printmaker, who is best known for his landscapes in snow, rain, mist, and moonlight. Hiroshige, whose surname was Ando but is sometimes given as Utagawa, was born in Edo (Tokyo), the son of a...

  • Hokusai


    9 years ago

    Hokusai (1760-1849) was a Japanese Ukiyo-e painter and designer of color woodcut prints, who influenced the French impressionist painters, especially Paul Gauguin. Hokusai, whose adopted surname was Katsushika, was born in Edo (Tokyo) in 1760. At...

  • Shigeru Yoshida

    Shigeru Yoshida

    9 years ago

    Shigeru Yoshida was a Japanese statesman born in Tokyo, Japan, September 22, 1878. He was the son of Tsuna Takeuchi, but he was adopted by Kenzo Yoshida and married the daughter of the statesman Count Nobuaki Makino. After graduating from Tokyo...

  • Yukio Mishima

    Yukio Mishima

    9 years ago

    Yukio Mishima, was a Japanese novelist and playwright. Born Kimitake Hiraoka in Tokyo, Japan, January 14, 1925. Mishima is the most widely read author in Japanese literature. His intensely romantic heroes, obsessed with unattainable ideals that make...

  • Senjuro Hayashi

    Senjuro Hayashi

    9 years ago

    Senjuro Hayashi was a Japanese general. Born Ishikawa, Japan, February 23, 1876. Hayashi was a career officer in the Japanese army and one of a group of militarists who came to exercise control over the Japanese government before World War II. As...

  • Kyushu


    9 years ago

    Kyushu is an island of Japan, southernmost of the four main Japanese islands, lying between the East China and Philippine seas, just south of the chief Japanese island of Honshu, to which it was connected in 1942 by a 2.3-mile railway tunnel under...

  • Eisai


    9 years ago

    Eisai (1141-1215) was a Japanese monk, who is honored as the founder of Zen Buddhism in Japan. He was born into a family of Shinto priests in Bitchu province (now part of Okayama prefecture) and at 14 entered the monastery of Tendai sect of Buddhism...

  • Sesshu


    7 years ago

    Sesshu (1420-1506), was the greatest Japanese master of ink painting. He studied under the landscape painter Shubun and was deeply influenced by Zen Buddhism. Like his colleagues he painted mainly Chinese landscapes in the Chinese manner, but during...

  • Noh


    9 years ago

    Noh is a form of Japanese drama. The noh drama was developed in the 14th century under the patronage of the imperial court and the aristocracy. The stylized actions and gestures, exotic costumes, and highly conventionalized stage settings of the noh...

  • Okinawa, Japan

    Okinawa, Japan

    9 years ago

    Okinawa is an island of Japan; in the Pacific Ocean about 350 miles (560 km) south of the main islands; in the prefecture of the Ryukyus. Area 454 square miles (1,176 sq km); island group 544 square miles (1,409 sq km). Okinawa is the largest of...

  • Joruri


    11 years ago

    Joruri is Japanese puppet drama. Joruri, also called bunraku, originated in the late 16th century and achieved its greatest popularity in the 18th century. The puppets are about half life-size, and each one is manipulated by three men. Although the...

  • Kyoto


    11 years ago

    Kyoto is a a city in Japan, the capital of Kyoto Prefecture, on Honshu Island, 26 miles north-northeast of Osaka, and 319 miles by rail west-southwest of Tokyo. The ancient capital of Japan and center of her civilization for more than 1,000 years. ...

  • Minamoto no Yoritomo

    Minamoto no Yoritomo

    9 years ago

    Minamoto no Yoritomo was a Japanese shogun, founder of the Kamakura shogunate. During the 12th century the local aristocracy in Japan became transformed into a professional military class (the bushi). Rivalry between the two most influential bushi...

  • Kabuki


    9 years ago

    Kabuki is the most popular form of Japanese drama. Kabuki originated at the end of the 16th century. Although it incorporates some of the highly stylized dances and the static, unrealistic poses of the noh theater, kabuki developed as a much freer,...

  • Jujutsu


    9 years ago

    Jujutsu is the Japanese method of unarmed combat, originally used by samurai, or warriors, in battle, when themselves disarmed or when fighting a disarmed opponent. Brought from China in ancient times, this "art of suppleness" (as the word means)...

  • Samurai History

    Samurai History

    9 years ago

    The Samurai were warriors of feudal Japan. The word samurai is derived from the verb sa-murau, which means "to serve", and was used in the early Middle Ages in Japan to denote the soldiers on guard duty at the emperor's palace. Subsequently, it was...

  • Japanese Woodcuts

    Japanese Woodcuts

    9 years ago

    The Japanese woodcut has influenced contemporary artists working in the medium in Europe and the United States for several generations. Early Japanese art was linked to the culture of China, particularly in the visual arts. The Japanese learned the...

  • Mikado


    9 years ago

    Mikado (Japanese Mi for exalted, and Kado for gate), is an ancient and poetic title of the Japanese emperor, similar to the Sublime Porte title of the Ottomans; probably transferred to the ruler and judge from the gateway to his palace, where he did...


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