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Updated on March 27, 2010

We learned from the science of evolution that the first man was APE. Now let us take a careful study of this particular specie. BONOBO

The Bonobo is endangered and is found in the wild only in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Along with the Common Chimpanzee, the Bonobo is the closest extant relative to humans. Since the two species are not proficient swimmers, it is possible that the formation of the Congo River 1.5–2 million years ago led to the speciation of the Bonobo.

They live south of the river, and thereby were separated from the ancestors of the Common Chimpanzee, which live north of the river.
German anatomist Ernst Schwarz is credited with having discovered the Bonobo in 1928, based on his analysis of a skull in the Tervuren museum in Belgium that previously had been thought to have belonged to a juvenile chimpanzee. Schwarz published his findings in 1929. In 1933, American anatomist Harold Coolidge offered a more detailed description of the Bonobo, and elevated it to species status.

Common name Bonobo and the scientific name for the Bonobo is Pan paniscus.

Social behaviour:

Females are considered to have a higher social status in their matriarchal culture. Strong female bonding allows groups of female Bonobos to dominate the community. Aggressive encounters between males and females are rare, and males are tolerant of infants and juveniles.
Bonobo tends to be variable since the groups exhibit a fission-fusion pattern.

A community of approximately one hundred will split into small groups during the day while looking for food, and then come back together to sleep. They sleep in trees in nests that they construct.

Closeness to humans:

Bonobos are capable of passing the mirror-recognition test for self-awareness. They communicate primarily through vocal means, although the meanings of their vocalizations are not currently known.

However, most humans do understand their facial expressions and some of their natural hand gestures, such as their invitation to play. One study analyzed and recorded sounds made by human babies and Bonobos when they were tickled. It found although the Bonobo's laugh was a higher frequency, the laugh followed a similar spectrographic pattern to human babies.


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    • Rossimobis profile image

      Chibuzo Melvin Mobis 7 years ago from Biafra

      thesailor,sure we are the supreme ones,thanks for commenting.

    • thesailor profile image

      thesailor 7 years ago from Seven Seas

      Wow, what a loveable Bonobos. They really are affectionate with each other. Although, they resemble human qualities, yet, we are still the supreme ones, because we are able to talk in order to express our feelings. Nice hub, Rossimobis.