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English Garden Birds

Updated on April 30, 2013

If you are wondering what bird you have seen in your garden this page may help. Each year thousands of people spend an hour viewing the birds in their garden and then send the results in to the RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds) enabling them to draw up a list of the most common garden birds.

Here are the top 10 most seen English garden birds in 2013. The bird species are listed in order of most commonly seen first. If you've seen a bird in your garden there is a fair chance it will be one of these.

All of these bird species are regular visitors to bird tables and between them will eat seed mixes, fat balls and peanuts. If you really want to treat them you can get special softbill mixes which the blackbirds and robins will love, niger seed which is popular with goldfinches and mealworms which most of these species will find very acceptable.

Male blackbird and worm
Male blackbird and worm | Source


Blackbirds are the most commonly seen English garden birds. The males are a glossy black with striking orange beaks. The females are a dark slightly mottled brown with browny black beaks. You will often see them in pairs probing your lawn for insects and worms.

If you have a bird table blackbirds will often pick up the seed from the ground which has fallen from the table.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Blue titBlue tit
Blue tit
Blue tit | Source
Blue tit
Blue tit | Source

Blue Tit

Blue tits are one of the bird species which you are likely to see hanging off your peanut feeder if you have one. They prefer to visit and feed in gardens where there is a reasonable amount of tree cover for them to retreat to. If you don't have a feeder look up into your garden trees where they can often be seen feeding on tiny insects amongst the branches.

Blue tits are a bit smaller than great tits and lack the solid black line down their chest. They also have a small blue cap rather than a larger black cap on their head. Males and females look the same.

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Male chaffinchMale chaffinch backfemale chaffinch back
Male chaffinch
Male chaffinch | Source
Male chaffinch back
Male chaffinch back | Source
female chaffinch back
female chaffinch back | Source


Chaffinches are the most common finch that you will see in an English garden. Finches have a thick triangular beak. Males chaffinches are really pretty with a red chest and a grey cap. The red starts just above the eyes and ends between their legs, so they have much more red on them than a robin. They have a chestnut, black and white back.

Female chaffinches have a greyish brown chest and cap and brown instead of chestnut on their back. But the black and white marking on their back are the same as on the male.

Great tit
Great tit | Source

Great Tit

Great tits are the second most common tit species which you might see in your garden. They are slightly larger than the blue tit. They have a distinctive black stripe running right down their chest and a solid black cap which stops level with their eyes.

Males and females look the same.

House sparrows in ivy
House sparrows in ivy | Source

House Sparrow

Although house sparrows are still common their numbers have fallen considerably, so it is good to encourage them in your garden. House sparrows are so sociable that they even prefer to nest in adjoining nest boxes. If you see a sparrow in your garden there are likely to be several more nearby.

Male house sparrows have a grey cap, chestnut back and a grey chest with a black bib. Female house sparrows have a brown head and back with grey chest. House sparrows have a thick finch like beak.

Their song is easy to identify. They are the one species of bird that actually goes "cheap cheap cheap"! It is a very tuneless song but quite cute.

Flock of starlings
Flock of starlings | Source


Starlings are slightly smaller than a blackbird, they have a similar medium length thin beak and can appear all black from a distance. However a closer look will show you that they actually have white ticking over the black and they can glam iridescent purple and green in the sunlight.

They are easy to recognise because of their behaviour. Unlike blackbirds they like to go about in flocks and if you see a flock of black birds on the telephone or electricity lines they will usually be starlings. During the breeding season the flocks are smaller with perhaps 6 - 20 birds hanging around together. In winter they can form giant superflocks with as many as one million birds. These huge flocks are known as murmurations,

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Goldfinch | Source
Goldfinch | Source


The goldfinch has a bit of a misleading name because the only gold on it is a streak on each wing.

If you look up into a tree and see one singing you will see a whitish/buff chest and a red mask on the face. They have a darker buff back and black and white on the wings as well as the yellow.

During the winter you might see them in little flocks in your garden. During spring and summer they might appear singly or in pairs.

The goldfinch has a finer beak than most other finches and specialise in eating thistle and teasel seeds.

Male and female goldfinches look the same.

Wood pigeon
Wood pigeon | Source


The woodpigeon is the largest bird on this list and is quite a lot bigger than a blackbird. It is easy to dismiss woodpigeons as boring grey birds, but they actually have a lovely pinkish chest with a smart patch of green on the back of their neck and a flash of white on the side of their necks.

Male and female woodpigeons look the same. You will usually see them in pairs in your garden wither making a slightly clumsy assault on your bird table or sitting companionably in a tree cooing to each other.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Robin at nightRobin in snow
Robin at night
Robin at night | Source
Robin in snow
Robin in snow | Source


If you hear a bird singing in your garden or under a streetlamp at night it is very unlikely to be a nightingale and much more likely to be a European robin. They have sweet voices, are very territorial and will sometimes even sing in winter just to let other robins know that they are in charge of this space.

The robin's red chest is well known, it extends to two thirds of the way down their front The rest if the front is creamy white. There is a bluish grey line around the red. Their backs are brown Male and female robins are identical to each other. You are most likely to see them singly or in pairs in your garden. Robins never form flocks.

Collared Dove
Collared Dove | Source

Collared Dove

The collared Dove is smaller then a wood pigeon and more uniformly coloured beigey grey. Collared doves will often appear in your garden in pairs and sit on a branch gently cooing away. The individual pictured is a young bird I was hand rearing many years ago. They are not usually so tame as to come in to the house and sit on your music collection!

Adult collared doves have a narrow black neck collar. Males and females are identical.

Collared doves are unusual on this list because they are not native to the UK. They are actually an Asian species of bird which arrived in the UK in the 1950s, probably escaped or released pets. They bred and rapidly spread throughout England. Despite not being native they don't cause any problems and don't seem to have had a negative effect on native wildlife.


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    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 

      6 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      We love to watch the birds in our back yard and most are the same that you are seeing there.

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      7 years ago from India

      Very interesting hub. I love to watch birds though I don't know the names of many of them.

      Voted up and shared

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 

      7 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      I enjoy hearing about birds all over the world, so thanks for doing this. You might be pleased to know that your European Robin appeared in a US bird calendar. I think it was by mistake, but all the same, it brought me great pleasure to see it.

    • travmaj profile image


      7 years ago from australia

      Great interesting hub. I recognise so many of the birds you mention - memories of 'Nature Walks' with my dad and also when I was at school. (many years ago)

      We always looked out for the Robin in the winter months -

    • Seeker7 profile image

      Helen Murphy Howell 

      7 years ago from Fife, Scotland

      What a lovely and interesting hub about our garden birds. I'm in Fife on the east coast of Scotland and I've seen most of the birds except the goldfinch, so maybe that one is found in England rather than the colder north.

      We're lucky to have a few trees in our garden and so we have a pair of wood pigeons building their nest right now - they are lovely birds I think! I'm not sure, I had two magpies nesting as well for the last few years, but I don't know if the wood pigeons have scared them off? There are also collared doves as well - I have a real soft spot for them. But sadly, I think it must be true about the wee sparrows, they are definitely not around in nearly the same numbers as years ago. I remember as a child Mum putting out bread and there would be loads of sparrows eating - but today there are only a handful. Very sad. So here's hoping their numbers start to increase. Have you any idea why their numbers have went down?

      Great hub + voted up!!


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