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How to Prevent Fleas and Ticks on Your Pets

Updated on December 9, 2012
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Methods of fleas and ticks control

There are many options for preventing and curing flea and tick infestations on domestic animals nowadays. Some are better at preventing, while others are best suited to kill non wanted insects.

Most known method of flea control are definetely collars and shampoos.

Flea collars

Flea collars are useful and economical method of flea control. A Flea collar is used to protect pets from fleas and ticks. Collar is impregnated with chemicals that repel or kill fleas. Pesticide is safe for skin contact and non-toxic for pet in case animal chews on the collar.

Flea collars are designed for providing effective protection against parasits. Flea collar works either by emitting a gas, which is toxic for fleas but doesn't hurt your pet, or by being absorbed into animal's fat layer. The last ones are much more effective.

Normal flea collars are effective for killing adult fleas, while some others have Insect Growth Regulator (IGR), which prevents flea egg and larval development as well. IGR's collars use non-toxic chemicals and are much more effective.

IGR Flea Collars (Insect Growth Regulator)

The main advantage of Insect Growth Regulator flea collars is that they break the flea lifecycle. Young fleas won't grow into adult phase where they can breed and will die off before they can lay eggs. Main chemical componetns of IGRs are hydoprene and methoprene, which distrupt normal life cycle of insects, and prevent their development. They are however non-toxic to pets.

IGR flea collars are non-toxic to pets and people and are safe way of preventing and controling flea infestations. IGR components are also used for some other treatments in pills and other oral consuming medicine for pets. Some similar oral medications are Insect Development Inhibitors (IDIs). IDIs prevent flea eggs from hatching, while IGRs prevent flea larvae from turning to adult flea. Insect Growth Regulators are also used in insecticide foggers and premise sprays to treat environmental flea issues.


Since IGR only prevents reproduction, but may not actually kill all the adult fleas and ticks, it's a good idea to use combination of flea prevention and treatment. Some flea collars use combined methods of flea control, insecticide kills adult fleas and IGR components prevent their reproduction. For ultimate population control, flea collars can be combined with other methods and products for flea treatment.

Flea pills

Flea Pill is another effective method of flea control. It helps distrupting flea birth cycle and stops dog scratching of infected area. Flea pills are to be taken regulary by oral consumption. They contain chemicals harmless to your dog, but deadly to fleas.

There are more kinds of flea pills for dogs and cats. Some are more potent and work immediately showing great effects in short time, but others may work better in long-term flea treatment. Which flea pills you will buy, depends on your dog also. The bigger and heavier the dog, stronger the pill will be. If you have small dog, rather double check and consent with your vet before giving him flea pill that might be too strong for him.

If you will treat flea infestation with dog flea pills, you should know that same rules as for flea collars apply when treating with pills. You should get rid of fleas in dog's bedding and other areas where your dogs hang out. Vacuum and spray your rugs, floor to be sure to get rid of all the fleas.

Before buying flea pills you should talk to the vet, who will prescribe appropriate dosage and kind of pill.

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    • luk45 profile imageAUTHOR

      luk45 

      5 years ago

      Thanks for the question... I will update hub with other methods of flea control once I find an hour or two.

    • sleepylog profile image

      Sleepylog 

      5 years ago from Australia

      What about the spot-on treatments that you just put on their skin on the back of their neck once a month?

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