ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Pets and Animals»
  • Farm Animals & Livestock

A New Beekeeper

Updated on March 25, 2012

Liquid Gold

The Egyptians sacrificed it to their river gods, the Romans slathered it on their battle wounds to promote healing, and medieval lords hoarded it for their personal use. Because it was so expensive, it was used in cooking only by the very wealthy.

It is also my most favorite treat in the world: Honey. Honeycomb, to be precise, liberally oozing with tasty, sweet honey, and chewy wax. It's like natural, honey flavored chewing gum, and it a 100% pure and natural sweetener, said to have anti-bacterial healing properties if used on wounds, and good for allergies if it's produced local to your area thanks to the pollen naturally contained within it.

Honeycomb, the perfect snack
Honeycomb, the perfect snack

Starting My Adventure

Not too long ago, I asked a friend what she thought about about beekeeping. She seemed to think it was a great idea, because she and her husband go through a lot of honey. Since we're pretty much in the same boat (mostly because I'm trying to replace refined white sugars with raw honey in baking), I decided that beekeeping would be an interesting hobby to start; and from what I could tell, my friend was already picking out hive locations.

So I signed up for the local beekeeping course. A three day course, to be exact, which started last Saturday. Because I wanted to be prepared, and knew that a whole lot of information was about to be dumped on me, I've spent the last couple of weeks reading and researching anything involving bees. As a start on this subject, I'll describe the typical hive types you might encounter in the beekeeping trade.

The old fashioned skep
The old fashioned skep

Hives are Homes Too

Just about everyone can picture the traditional idea of a beehive: the skep, a sort of woven basket. A swarm is then caught, and the bees allowed to build their comb inside the basket. The downside of the skep is that in the old days, they had no way of harvesting the honey effectively without killing the hive. Nowadays, if people wanted to try the skep hive, the original basket could be over-turned and a second basket placed on top. Eventually, the bees move into the upper basket, and the first basket can be taken away to be harvested. Skeps have been in use for about 2000 years, and used to be made from wicker that was coated with mud and dung, but from the Middle Ages onward were woven from straw.

Langstroth Hives
Langstroth Hives

The Langstroth Hive: A Commercial Beekeepers Friend

Nowadays, the most common hive structure you see is the Langstroth hive: square, stacked boxes (sometimes up to 10 boxes in a stack), typically painted white, with 8 to 10 frames in each box of beeswax or plastic foundation. It's most often used by commercial beekeepers, as it's relatively easy to manipulate the frames and boxes (the bees don't make cross comb), and the honey is easier to extract or to make cut comb. The bees draw out the hexagons on the foundation and go from there. The Langstroth hive is good for those of you who want to focus on honey harvesting. The only drawbacks I can see involve weight (not that great for people with bad backs or disabilities), the height of the hive in the height of the season (more prone to falling over or twisting while in transport), and the amount of disturbance caused the bees as you inspect each of the boxes.

Kenyan Top Bar Hive
Kenyan Top Bar Hive

Top Bar Hives

There are differing opinions about everything, and beekeeping is no exception. They often say that you can ask 10 different beekeepers for advice and get 11 different opinions, and not everyone will quite agree with everyone else. This certainly applies to hives, which brings us to the top bar hive. Now, people who are experienced with Langstroth hives will not often agree with the use of top bar hives, but don't let that stop you from considering it. The typical top bar hive is long, horizontal, and looks a lot like an over-sized bird house. There are no frames or foundation, only a top bar that has been fitted with a spline along it's length, and brushed with beeswax. The bees will build frame free comb along this wax coated spline, usually without incident, although there are higher chances of them building comb across several frames. Because the hives are usually built with an inverted trapezoid design, the bees are less likely to attach their comb to the sides of the hive body. As there is no frame or foundation to support the comb, honey extraction is somewhat more difficult, and usually involves crushing the comb in a muslin bag and draining. As the bees have to build more comb after each harvest, the top bar hive yields less honey and more beeswax. The size of the hive is extended sideways, instead of vertically, and the bees can be persuaded to store their honey separately.

There's Always Options

Other hive types include "bee gums", hives made in the southeastern US from sections of hollowed log, usually from red gum trees; a UK version of hive called a National, which is similar to a Langstroth hive; the WBC, a double walled hive that, although insulated well for bad weather is usually avoided by beekeepers because it is a hassle to remove the outer cover; the Dartington Long Deep (DLD) which can take up to 17 frames and can house two colonies of bees because it has two entrances; the Beehaus, which is similar to the Dartington; and finally, the Warre hive, which is similar to the Langstroth, but uses the top bars only instead of frames.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)