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The American Eskimo Dog

Updated on October 25, 2009
Standard, Miniature and Toy
Standard, Miniature and Toy

History and Recognition

The American Eskimo is part over the Spitz family. They have a strong connection to the German Spitz. Due to the anti-German feelings during World War I, when German Spitz got to America they were changed to the American Eskimo Dog. They are know separate breeds but still closely related. The Italian Spitz, Pomeranian, Keeshound and Samoyed are all related to the American Eskimo Dog, which I will call the AED. The name AED, came from Mr. and Mrs. F.M Hall in 1913. They registered the first breed with the UKC. Their kennel name was, "American Eskimo". AED was used in the circus with Barnum and Bailey. Pal Pierre, was the first dog to every walk a tight rope. He was a AED. The popularity of the breed spread when they started with circus acts all over the United States. The Studbooks were closed in 1969 when the first North American Eskimo Dog Association was formed. The AED club of America was formed in 1985 for the purpose of achieving AKC recognition. The AKC recognized the AED on July 1, 1995. They have many talents including, watchdog, guarding, narcotics detection, agility, competitive obedience and preforming tricks. They are recognized by APRI, UKC, NKC, CKC, ACR and DRA. They are with the non-sporting group. They can also be called the Spitz, Eskie. They come in three different sizes, Standard, Miniature and Toy.

Description and Temperament

 The AED looks just like a miniature samoyed but is beautiful and small to medium sized. Having three different sizes there is an Eskie for all different house sizes. The AED is a wedged shaped head with muzzle and skull about the same length. They have a heavily plumped tail cured over their back, and triangular-shaped ears. The neck is well carried and the topline is good and level. They have perfect legs and feet for troting in their blod energetic action. They come in cream markings, white with biscuit or all white. Their skin color is gray or pink. Black is usually color of their eyelids, gums, nose, and pads. The fur around the neck is slightly thicker, which gives them a mane or ruff, mostly in males. The AEDis longer then taller. The coat should not curl or wave, they should have perfectly straight hair. The undercoat should be harshly thick. Eyes are only brown, not blue. They can have an average of 5 puppies, depending on the size. They live about 15 years if they have the proper care.

The AED is a loving, affectionate, and charming dog. They are Hardy and Playful but very good with kids. They are very smart and willing to please their owners. Alert and Easy to train, the rank in the top 10 at obedience trails. They have a natural work driving personality. They are weary of strangers, but once introduced, they become instant and lifelong friends. They need a firm  and confident leader who will accept them as part of the family, but also be consistent. If he thinks he is the leader of the household it will bring up any issues with the dog. Inluding problems could be, separation anxiety, obsessive barking, dog aggressiveness willful, and unwanted guarding. Without enough mental and physical exercising or stimulation they can become hypractive, high strung, and running in circles. Many people are oblious to small dogs becoming powerful over them.

Health, Size, Living Conditions


Toy: 9-12 Inches and 6-10 pounds.

Minature: 12-15 inches and 10-20 pounds.

Standard: 15-19 inches and 18-35 pounds.

Health: They are a fairly healthy breed, even though they do have problems with their eyes and tear ducts. Some could get hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Their coat is great for keeping fleas away. They will gain weight easily if no given good exercise.

Living Conditions: Toys are bes for apartment or townhouse life. They are most active inside. The Miniature like to be in and out, and they could be custom to condo, or suburb life. The Standard is a country dog. They love the country. They can live in a suburb life. but not accustomed to apartment life.


 The AED does need a long walk everyday. They will do good in a yard, where they are safely enclosed. However, they still need to be taken for a walk to satisfy their migration instinct. Toys wont need as much an exercise, they love to just romp around inside. Maybe do circle around the table.

Other Tips:

How to confront your breeder, if you think they have lied or served you wrong.

If you have papers that describe the dog or have any details on the dog, try to take the matter to court. If you want to return the dog, insist on her paying for spent food and vet bills. Also remember it is the customers responsibility to see both parents. If you think you have the wrong size dog, or breed, this could be a result of buying from a puppy mill. Having a Lawyer send the breeder a letter asking for at least partial refund. You must have a valid bill of sale stating what you bought, for how much, or it will be hard to hold up in court.

How to tell a Bad Breeder when you see one.

  • Sells males less then females.
  • Sells show quality dogs, but they don't show?
  • Sells any puppy with full registration, regardless of health.
  • Breeding stock which has came from, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Czech Republic, Russia, etc.
  •  No good Breeder sells to a Broker
  • Brokers puppies from Eastern European Puppy Mills.
  • Does not have verifiable health clearances.
  • Will not give you proof of healthy breeding lines.
  • Will not show you parents.
  • Will not sign any documentation.
  • They claim the dogs have healthier European lines.
  • They have parents that have been bred before a year old, and have been bred every heat cycle.
  • If the breeder doesn't follow up on previous litters.
  • They claim to have a USDA license,this is a puppy factory.
  • They have a AKC inspection. All AKC breeders have inspections, this is nothing special.
  • The breeder wants to hand deliver the puppy. This means they don't want you to come to their facilities.
  • A crafty way to scam a buyer is to make pretty and colorful websites.
  • They should never require any money upfront without any paperwork.
  • Sells the dog without a contract.
  • Puppies registered with other than AKC registry. This doesn't guarantee a great breeder, but responsible Americans, use the AKC.
  • If they don't ask questions to you.
  • Has pay pal or credit card systems set up for payment.
  • "I just breed nice puppies for nice people" equals bad breeding hallmark.
  • Breeds more then one Breed.
  • Champion Bloodlines are another trick. This could mean one  dog in 64 pedigrees has won a championship. This also infers the parents are no champions.
  • Does not have a lifetime return policy.
  • They have puppies just in time for Christmas, Easter, Mothers day etc. this is a quick way to make money. do have any idea how much planning it took for them to find the dog right on time? pathetic. 


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    • profile image

      Mei 5 years ago

      I have two. Both were rescues and both have unique personalities. The first I believe to be a dead on German Spitz dead on to the dog in the snow photo above. He is 6 yrs. old a deaf. But otherwise a great dog but extremely resource protective and busy bodies over the second to the point of putting him on edge all the time. The second dog was rescued a year later as a companion to the first. He looks similar but has more Japanese Spitz characteristics as his front paws and legs are thicker and he has a very fluffy lay over tail. He can hear and both are walk run twice a day for one / two miles.

      My question is how do I get the deaf dog to accept the hearing dog? They have been together 16 months and are walked together but fed at the same time in their own crates. The deaf dog stays close to me under the breakfast room table and will not allow the other to approach without a bark down. Friends tell me that the hearing dog pushes the deaf dogs buttons. Could that be the case? I tend to be equally affectionate and give treats to both at the same time, feed them very hi quality duck based dog food and exercise them together. The deaf dog on walks will greet strangers very affectionately and the hearing will will be very standoffish towards strangers and aggressive towards large male dogs. Both get along well with females on leash and prefer the company of both small males and females at the dog park but will tend to roam solo after checking out the the other dogs.

      How do I get the deaf dog to stop barking down the hearing dog? FYI both are treat motivated.

    • CMENYART1 profile image

      CMENYART1 5 years ago from North Cackalackie

      This is awesome!! We have 2 Eskies: Boo-a 12 year old standard, and Angel-an 11 year old miniature. Your line "They are weary of strangers, but once introduced, they become instant and life long friends" is so completely true. Very well written and informative. Voted up.

    • Benoitsmidget profile image

      Benoitsmidget 6 years ago from Boston

      My first Eskie, Luigi, was the love of my life for many years. After his passing, I knew I wanted another. It took me 6 years, but I am now the owner of a 3 year old Eskie, which I've had since he was 12 weeks. Dakota is a great dog and makes me realize on a daily basis, that I was right in getting another one. A picture of Luigi still lives on my desk and I will never forget him. I guess God has blessed me twice. Great Hub.

    • tammyswallow profile image

      Tammy 6 years ago from North Carolina

      That is a helpful article. I got my Yuki because I thought she would be like a malamute I had many years ago. Though she is "challenging" she is vibrant and loving. Great article!

    • AshleyNikole profile image

      AshleyNikole 8 years ago from Virginia

      Glad to hear we do actually have some dog lovers still.

      Anyone else would of tosses him out.

      Im glad you have a happy ending :) The best of luck.

    • Stimp profile image

      Stimp 8 years ago from Upper Midwest

      Very Very informative. although I love my little "Marley" Eskie.....he makes me laugh minute by minute, I wish I had known all this info prior to choosing a breeder. I was so desperate to heal my heart.....she so desperate to take advantage of that and make a buck....HOWEVER, I got my baby OUT of THAT situation and he is now in his forever home. Thanks again. ~Stimp