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Congo Peafowl - Exotic Rare Peafowl Species

Updated on August 13, 2016
Picture Of Congo Peafowl
Picture Of Congo Peafowl

African Congo peafowl or African Congo peacock also popularly called as Congolese peafowls or Congolese peacocks, with the scientific name Afropavo Congensis are very beautiful, exotic rare beautiful African birds which also look very unique. In fact, they are very rare kind of peafowls or peacocks found mostly in Congo, which is located in Africa.

You can read more information and facts about Congo peacocks here.

These birds are native to Congo and now they are considered "vulnerable"in the Red List of IUCN as their population have decreased drastically over time. The reasons for the decrease in their population are the hunting of the birds for meat, and also the loss of natural habitats due to the destruction of rain forests. The widespread mining in Africa is another major reason for the loss of habitats in the wild.

The scientific name for Congo peafowls, more commonly known as the Congo peacocks, is Afropavo Congensis. They are also known as mbulu in Congolese.

Just like the other peafowls, they belong to the family Phasianidae which includes the grouse, pheasants and partridges. But Congo peacocks are not really known or popular like the other peacock species like the blue, green and white peacocks. This is mainly because they are rare birds found mostly in and around Congo, the reason why they are named as Congo peafowls. They also look quite different compared to the other peacocks, as they don't have long tails like the usual peacocks.

Congo peafowls are mostly found in the rainforests in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and also places nearby. They are thought to exist in Ituri forest, forests between Lomami and Congo rivers and also places near to Lomako river, Yekokora river, Lukenie river, Sankuru river etc.

Physical Appearance And Characteristics Of Congo Peafowls

The feathers of the Congo peacocks is a mix of bronze and green colours in the upper parts, but in the lower parts the feather colour is usually black. Long and white bristles can be seen in the crown and violet blue colours can be observed at the end of the tail feathers, wing coverts etc. The throat is vivid red in colour.

The female birds are smaller than the male birds, and they have mostly rusty brown coloured and glossy green coloured feathers. They also have a short brown crown. The length of the male birds is about 65 to 70 cm while the length of the female birds is about 60 t0 65 cm.

Due to the secretive nature of the Congo peafowls and also due to the difficulty in accessing the natural habitats of these birds in the wild, there are not much studies conducted that reveal the nature and nesting habits of these birds in their natural habitats in the wild. The studies conducted were based on those under captivation in zoos, and the data shows that the Congo peafowls show the characteristics of both peafowls and guinea fowls. It is observed that they live in pairs and they form small territories within their habitats.

The Congo peafowls are monogamous in nature and they form strong pairs that usually last a lifetime.

Congo peafowls are also good parents. Both the male and female birds take care of the baby peafowls known as the pea chicks by feeding and guarding them, till they are able to provide for themselves.

Congo Peafowls Pair
Congo Peafowls Pair | Source

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More Interesting Facts About The Congo Peafowls

It is interesting to learn that the Congo peafowls were referred as the blue Indian peafowls in the zoos where they were displayed.

It was in 1936 that the Congo peafowls were discovered by Dr. James P. Chapin in the Royal Museum in Central Africa.

Later, years after they were first discovered, Dr. Chapin who worked with the New York Zoological Society located seven of the species in the wild and brought them to the United States.

Conservation Of Congo Peafowl

The conservation of Congo peafowls is important as their population is found decreasing over the years, and as they are prone to extinction. In few zoos and National Parks around the world, Congo peafowls are saved and conserved by captive breeding.

Congo Peafowls In Bronx Zoo

Congo Peafowls can be seen in the Bronx zoo in New York City, where the zoo is located inside the Bronx Park. In the United States, you might be able to see them in the San Diego Zoo also.

The other zoos where you can find the Congo peafowls are the Antwerp Zoo in Belgium, the Maiko and Salonga National Parks, Okapi WildLife Reserve, Kahuzi Biega National Park, the Lomako Yekokala reserve etc.

Close Up Image of the female bird
Close Up Image of the female bird | Source


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    • VioletteRose profile image

      VioletteRose 3 years ago from Chicago

      I agree! Thank so much for stopping by :)

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 3 years ago from USA

      What beautiful birds with such vivid colors. Even the females' pattern is pretty. I am so saddened that as our population explodes, the numbers of many animal species dwindles. Humans do not share the planet well.

    • VioletteRose profile image

      VioletteRose 3 years ago from Chicago

      Thank you all :)

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Unique features and so beautiful. Informative and useful.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      This is another interesting hub about birds. Thanks for the information, VioletteRose. The Congo peafowl is beautiful!

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

      It was interesting learning about this rare bird called a Congo peafowl. I think that they are pretty. Pinning to my birds board.

    • VioletteRose profile image

      VioletteRose 3 years ago from Chicago

      I too love the beautiful and exotic birds, thanks for commenting billybuc :)

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I love exotic birds. Thanks for the information on this one.