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The Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized dog. They have a thick double coat, called a plush coat. The top coat protects them from the elements, while the undercoat serves as insulation. The Siberian has a dignified appearance. He is light on his feet, and capable of pulling light loads at a moderate speed for long distances in extreme temperatures.
Originating in north-eastern Asia, the Siberian was bred by the Chukchi people as an endurance sled dog. The Chukchi were semi nomadic people, and the development of the breed was of complete necessity to their survival. They needed a dog that could pull light loads, which had endurance, stamina, speed, and a resistance to the bitter cold. This dog also needed to be able to travel at moderate speeds under a light load, and use a minimum expenditure of energy. The Chukchi kept their lines pure through the nineteenth century by isolating their stock. It is shown that the dogs of the Chukchi people are the direct (and only) descendants of the Siberian Husky.
In the early 1900’s, Americans in Alaska started to hear about this superior sled dog in Siberia. The first team to make an appearance in America came in 1909 for the All-Alaska Sweepstakes Race. In this year, a large number of these dogs were imported to Alaska by Charles Fox Maule Ramsay. Ramsay owned a team which was driven by John (Iron Man) Johnson. He won the 400-mile Sweepstakes in the year 1910.
Over the next fifteen years teams of Siberians took almost every win known by man at the time. Many of these were owned, raced, and bred by Leonhard Seppala. But it wasn’t until 1925 that these breed came into its own.
In 1925, the town of Nome, Alaska was hit by a diphtheria epidemic. Antitoxin was needed urgently, but there was none to be found in the town. Many drivers and teams were called upon, and a relay was formed to deliver the lifesaving serum back to Nome by way of dog sled team. Though Balto was the lead dog who ultimately made the last leg of the journey to Nome, it was Togo who had been immortalized for the act. Togo was the lead dog of Seppala’s team. This heroic act, known as the “Serum Run” brought national attention to the Siberian Husky, and Leonhard Seppala took his dogs on a personal appearance tour. It is well known that Leonhard’s dogs had a wonderful and delightful temperament, which won the respect of the states, mainly those of New England, where he also competed in races.
It wasn’t until 1930 that the Siberian Husky was recognized as an official breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
In 1980, the first (and only to date) Siberian won Best In Show at the Westminister Kennel Club dog show. This amazing breed example was American/Canadian Champion Innisfree Sierra Cinnar.
The Siberian has a wonderful temperament. He is a loving dog, who would rather cover you with slobbery kisses than anything else. He is an energetic breed, and requires daily walks, or a large fenced in area. He can be stubborn and independent. The Siberian cannot be trusted off leash. They have an instinct to run, and that instinct will carry them wherever they desire. Do not expect him to come back to you. 9 times out of 10 he will not. Do not believe that if you “bond” with him he will not run. A breed as independent as the Siberian is not held in place by a bond to his owner.
The breed standard of the Siberian Husky as printed in “The Complete Dog Book 20th Addition”, an official publication of the American Kennel Club.
Siberian Husky, pages 330 – 334.
Siberian Husky Breed Standard
The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog, quick and light on his feet and free and graceful in action. His moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest his Northern heritage. His characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at a moderate speed over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed and endurance. The males of the Siberian Husky breed are masculine but never coarse; the bitches are feminine but without weakness of structure. In proper condition, with muscle firm and well developed, the Siberian Husky does not carry excess weight.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Height--Dogs, 21 to 23½ inches at the withers. Bitches, 20 to 22 inches at the withers. Weight--Dogs, 45 to 60 pounds. Bitches, 35 to 50 pounds. Weight is in proportion to height. The measurements mentioned above represent the extreme height and weight limits with no preference given to either extreme. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight should be penalized. In profile, the length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the rear point of the croup is slightly longer than the height of the body from the ground to the top of the withers. Disqualification--Dogs over 23½ inches and bitches over 22 inches.
Expression is keen, but friendly; interested and even mischievous. Eyes almond shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely. Eyes may be brown or blue in color; one of each or parti-colored are acceptable. Faults--Eyes set too obliquely; set too close together. Ears of medium size, triangular in shape, close fitting and set high on the head. They are thick, well furred, slightly arched at the back, and strongly erect, with slightly rounded tips pointing straight up. Faults--Ears too large in proportion to the head; too wide set; not strongly erect. Skull of medium size and in proportion to the body; slightly rounded on top and tapering from the widest point to the eyes. Faults--Head clumsy or heavy; head too finely chiseled. Stop--The stop is well-defined and the bridge of the nose is straight from the stop to the tip. Fault--Insufficient stop. Muzzle of medium length; that is, the distance from the tip of the nose to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput. The muzzle is of medium width, tapering gradually to the nose, with the tip neither pointed nor square. Faults Muzzle either too snipy or too coarse; muzzle too short or too long. Nose black in gray, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; may be flesh-colored in pure white dogs. The pink-streaked "snow nose" is acceptable. Lips are well pigmented and close fitting. Teeth closing in a scissors bite. Fault--Any bite other than scissors.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck medium in length, arched and carried proudly erect when dog is standing. When moving at a trot, the neck is extended so that the head is carried slightly forward. Faults--Neck too short and thick; neck too long. Chest deep and strong, but not too broad, with the deepest point being just behind and level with the elbows. The ribs are well sprung from the spine but flattened on the sides to allow for freedom of action. Faults--Chest too broad; "barrel ribs"; ribs too flat or weak. Back--The back is straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to croup. It is of medium length, neither cobby nor slack from excessive length. The loin is taut and lean, narrower than the rib cage, and with a slight tuck-up. The croup slopes away from the spine at an angle, but never so steeply as to restrict the rearward thrust of the hind legs. Faults--Weak or slack back; roached back; sloping topline.
The well furred tail of fox-brush shape is set on just below the level of the topline, and is usually carried over the back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog is at attention. When carried up, the tail does not curl to either side of the body, nor does it snap flat against the back. A trailing tail is normal for the dog when in repose. Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the same length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance of a round brush. Faults--A snapped or tightly curled tail; highly plumed tail; tail set too low or too high.
Shoulders--The shoulder blade is well laid back. The upper arm angles slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow, and is never perpendicular to the ground. The muscles and ligaments holding the shoulder to the rib cage are firm and well developed. Faults--Straight shoulders; loose shoulders. Forelegs--When standing and viewed from the front, the legs are moderately spaced, parallel and straight, with the elbows close to the body and turned neither in nor out. Viewed from the side, pasterns are slightly slanted, with the pastern joint strong, but flexible. Bone is substantial but never heavy. Length of the leg from elbow to ground is slightly more than the distance from the elbow to the top of withers. Dewclaws on forelegs may be removed. Faults--Weak pasterns; too heavy bone; too narrow or too wide in the front; out at the elbows. Feet oval in shape but not long. The paws are medium in size, compact and well furred between the toes and pads. The pads are tough and thickly cushioned. The paws neither turn in nor out when the dog is in natural stance. Faults--Soft or splayed toes; paws too large and clumsy; paws too small and delicate; toeing in or out.
When standing and viewed from the rear, the hind legs are moderately spaced and parallel. The upper thighs are well muscled and powerful, the stifles well bent, the hock joint well-defined and set low to the ground. Dewclaws, if any, are to be removed. Faults--Straight stifles, cow-hocks, too narrow or too wide in the rear.
The coat of the Siberian Husky is double and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance, but is never so long as to obscure the clean-cut outline of the dog. The undercoat is soft and dense and of sufficient length to support the outer coat. The guard hairs of the outer coat are straight and somewhat smooth lying, never harsh nor standing straight off from the body. It should be noted that the absence of the undercoat during the shedding season is normal. Trimming of whiskers and fur between the toes and around the feet to present a neater appearance is permissible. Trimming the fur on any other part of the dog is not to be condoned and should be severely penalized. Faults--Long, rough, or shaggy coat; texture too harsh or too silky; trimming of the coat, except as permitted above.
All colors from black to pure white are allowed. A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.
The Siberian Husky's characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He is quick and light on his feet, and when in the show ring should be gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the hindquarters. When viewed from the front to rear while moving at a walk the Siberian Husky does not single-track, but as the speed increases the legs gradually angle inward until the pads are falling on a line directly under the longitudinal center of the body. As the pad marks converge, the forelegs and hind legs are carried straightforward, with neither elbows nor stifles turned in or out. Each hind leg moves in the path of the foreleg on the same side. While the dog is gaiting, the topline remains firm and level. Faults--Short, prancing or choppy gait, lumbering or rolling gait; crossing or crabbing.
The characteristic temperament of the Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and outgoing. He does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs. Some measure of reserve and dignity may be expected in the mature dog. His intelligence, tractability, and eager disposition make him an agreeable companion and willing worker.
The most important breed characteristics of the Siberian Husky are medium size, moderate bone, well balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, proper coat, pleasing head and ears, correct tail, and good disposition. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight, constricted or clumsy gait, or long, rough coat should be penalized. The Siberian Husky never appears so heavy or coarse as to suggest a freighting animal; nor is he so light and fragile as to suggest a sprint-racing animal. In both sexes the Siberian Husky gives the appearance of being capable of great endurance. In addition to the faults already noted, the obvious structural faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Siberian Husky as in any other breed, even though they are not specifically mentioned herein.
Dogs over 23½ inches and bitches over 22 inches.
Approved October 9, 1990
Effective November 28, 1990