ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The evolution of dogs

Updated on July 9, 2009

Once upon a time, humans and canines led totally separate lives. The humans hunted using various hand made weapons and the dogs, reunited in packs, used their powerful teeth. It all stayed this way until towards the end of the Ice Age around 12,000 BC when both humans and dogs realized that mutual benefit could have derived from their companionship.

Dogs for once, realized the advantage of having access to a reliable source of food and came to appreciate the luxuries of warmth and shelter. Humans on the other hand, found helpful collaborators in hunting, and later the dog's herding and guarding qualities were appreciated.

Perhaps one of the many reasons that made dogs feel comfortable living among humans was the fact that they were gregarious beings used to live in a pack. Prior to domestication, dogs used to aggregate with other dogs of different gender and age and were accustomed to having a leader to whom the were submissive.

With humans the same dynamics remained, they were servant and submissive to their human leaders and they enjoyed leading social lives.

At a closer look, dogs belong to the family of Canidae, carniverous creatures encompassing 38 species. Their communication is based primarily of body language, facial expressions and limited vocalization. There are diverse theories on the dogs' evolution. In most cases there are claims that the ancestor of the dog is the wolf, (Canis Lupus), however, it could be the wolf was not the only ancestor. There are theories about the inclusion of other species resembling dogs and related to the wolf.

Wolves and dogs have great similarities in their DNA, indeed, dogs and wolves can successfully breed and produce fertile specimens able to breed as well.

Studies on wolf behaviors may be helpful on deriving insights on dog behaviors. However, one must not focus mainly on the study on wolves to come to conclusions about today's dog behavior. Doing so would be quite like comparing chimp behaviors with humans, both species certainly are miles away from being similar in many ways!

There have been archaeological findings of dogs buried along with humans from 14,000 years ago. This was proof that back at those times dogs were valued and perceived as loyal companions. Still as of today, this legacy continues, both humans and dogs teaming up and enjoying each others company, yet under totally different circumstances.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)