ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Using DAP Dog Appeasing Pheromones for Dogs

Updated on December 15, 2013
What do DAP diffusers have to do with nursing pups?
What do DAP diffusers have to do with nursing pups? | Source

What Exactly are DAP diffusers for Dogs?

You may have heard about DAP diffusers for puppies and dogs and may be wondering what all the hype is about. It's time to unravel all the mysteries surrounding this product. The term DAP is just as an acronym used for depicting "Dog Appeasing Pheromones." First of all, what exactly are pheromones? Pheromones are simply chemical messengers meant to carry information between individuals of the same species. In dogs, pheromones play a role in canine reproduction and canine social behavior.

In the case of nursing puppies, it was found that lactating dogs produced special pheromones right after parturition, about 3 to 5 days after giving birth. These pheromones are produced in the inter-mammary sulcus and are detected by the puppies via the Jacobson organ, also known as the vomero-nasal organ, which is located right above the puppy's hard palate and it's purpose is to detect pheromones. What's the purpose of these pheromones? The pheromones are meant to comfort and reduce stress, reassuring the newborn pups. The good news is that research has shown that the reassuring properties of DAP endure throughout the dog's adulthood. Nowadays, the dog appeasing pheromone is replicated using a synthetic form that is sold in plug-in diffusers.

What are DAP diffusers mainly used for? The products are advertised to work for various situations. According to the DAP diffuser by Ceva, it can be used to cope with stressful situation such as a new baby, fireworks, a new baby, holiday parties, separation anxiety, helping a puppy settle in a new home and helping promote learning in indoor puppy classes. Last but not least, it can be used under the direction of dog behavior professional to help manage behavior problems. However, DAP is not recommended for hyperactivity or aggression. It will also not work for bored dogs or dogs who need to learn house training, unless related to stress.

Studies Conducted on DAP for Dogs

There were quite several studies conducted on DAP diffusers for different situations. This is a brief rundown on some of the most popular ones. Hyperlinks are clickable for those who want to view the actual studies.

  • A study conducted on hospitalized dogs revealed that DAP helped in decreasing separation-induced anxiety, distress, and fear and possibly facilitated recovery in hospitalized dogs.
  • A clinical trial conducted on 30 dogs suffering firework phobia showed a reduction in the severity of their symptoms following the continuous use of D.A.P.
  • A study conducted on the use of DAP in shelter dogs revealed that DAP has the potential for being a useful palliative tool for decreasing some behavioral indicators of stress in dogs.
  • A placebo-controlled investigation conducted in a vet's office waiting room revealed that the use of DAP resulted in greater relaxation but there no effect on aggressive behavior during examination.
  • A study conducted on newly adopted puppies from a pet store revealed that signs of distress such as vocalizations were significantly lower in the group treated with DAP.

DAP is now available also under the form of a spray and in the form of collars impregnated with the appeasing pheromones. As effective as these products can be in reducing certain types of stress, it's important to recognize that at times behavioral problems in dogs can stem from medical causes. On top of that, for certain behavior problems in dogs, a DAP diffuser may be an aid, requiring accompanying behavior modification conducted by a professional.

Disclaimer: if your dog is exhibiting behavioral problems, consult with a vet to rule out medical causes and then consult with a dog behavior professional such as a board-certified veterinary behaviorist, certified applied animal behaviorist or a dog trainer well-versed in dealing with dog behavior problems using positive, force-free methods.

Alexadry©, all rights reserved, do not copy.

How Adaptil DAP helps puppies and dogs


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • grand old lady profile image

      Mona Sabalones Gonzalez 

      7 years ago from Philippines

      Okay, thanks for the link:)

    • alexadry profile imageAUTHOR

      Adrienne Farricelli 

      7 years ago

      Most likely not, you may find a front-attachment harness helpful for that here is a hub about them:

      along with training:

    • grand old lady profile image

      Mona Sabalones Gonzalez 

      7 years ago from Philippines

      I wonder if this will help my dog stop tugging at her leash? She's big and strong and relentless and I'm ready to try anything.

    • alexadry profile imageAUTHOR

      Adrienne Farricelli 

      7 years ago

      Thanks for the votes up, we use them for all dogs who come for boarding, training and behavior modification, and so far I am very happy and the dogs seem to adjust quicker.

    • Dreamhowl profile image

      Jessica Peri 

      7 years ago from United States

      It's great to know that these products actually work. We sell these at my job in the form of sprays, diffusers and collars and I feel more confident about recommending them to customers now. Voted up!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)