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Veronica's Random Dose - The World's Smallest Bat.

Updated on June 10, 2010
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Weighing in about 2 g (0.071 oz) [about the weight of a penny!], and measuring about 1.25 inches, this lightweight flying mammal has been classified as not only the smallest known bat of it's peers; it has also been classed as the smallest mammal of the entire animal kingdom.

Named after it's discoverer; Thai biologist Kitti Thonglongya ; the bumblebee bat or Kitti's hog-nosed bat - as it's commonly named, is definitely a unique specimen.

In addition to being so small, the Kitti's hog-nosed bat possesses a pig-like nose, large ears with swollen ear canal covers, and no tail.

Equipped with a wingspan of approximately five inches long, the Kitti's hog-nosed bat/ bumblebee bat is well adapted for hovering, which works well when feeding time arrives.

Using a combination of *echolocation and their wonderfully adaptable wings, the Kitt's hog-nosed bat/ bumblebee bat plucks small insects (such as spiders) from the foliage of trees, glean beetles from plant leaves, and catches a majority of its prey in flight (such as small flies).

[* "a physiological process for locating distant or invisible objects (as prey) by sound waves reflected back to the emitter (as a bat) from the objects" - Merriam Webster Online Dictionary]

* Habitat and Distribution.

Due to their extreme rarity, the Kitti's hog-nosed/bumblebee bat, can only be found in the Sai Yok National Park in Thailand and in south-eastern parts of Myanmar .

Considering their size, staying warm is extremely important. Therefore, the preferred roosting spots of these unique bats are in the warm upper regions of limestone caves with high ceilings, consisting of a bevy of chambers - providing more protection and minimizing the loss of this little bat's body heat.

* Conservation/Survival Risk.

Unfortunately, due to logging, road construction, tourism, and deforestation, the very survival of the Kitti's hog-nosed bat/bumblebee bat is at risk.

According to the 2008 IUCN Red List Of Threatened Species , this tiny bat has been classified as vulnerable, which means that it is likely to become endangered unless the circumstance threatening its survival and reproduction improve. Fortunately for this rare species, the website stated that steps are being taken to conserve the fragile habitat of this tiny creature.

Sadly, the population trend of this unique bat is steadily on the decline. Hopefully, with an increased awareness surrounding the plight of these tiny creatures, and further education regarding how mankind's actions are adversely effecting the Kitt's hog-nosed bat/bumblebee bat, the survival rate of these rare specimens will go from vulnerable , to least concerned (stable population).



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    • Veronica Allen profile imageAUTHOR

      Veronica Allen 

      7 years ago from Georgia

      That is sooooo cool edward. I wrote this article last year so there just maybe a bat that exceeds the size or lack of size in the bumblebee bat. I will have to look into that. Thanks for sharing. :)

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I read that there is this "philippine bamboo bat" which is much smaller than the bumblebee bat.

    • Veronica Allen profile imageAUTHOR

      Veronica Allen 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Thanks angela_michelle for taking the time to stop by and leave this comment. I will provide a link to your hub as well. Thank you.

    • angela_michelle profile image

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Great job, one of my hubs has the hog nosed bat in it, I will make a link to your hub, I think others will really enjoy it! Great job!

    • Veronica Allen profile imageAUTHOR

      Veronica Allen 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Thanks for stopping by habee and your complement. That's my youngest when she was just a wee - little lass. I tend to agree, this bat no doubt is mistaken for a small insect many times.

    • habee profile image

      Holle Abee 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Amazing. I'll bet some folks think it's a bug or moth!

      Beautiful baby in your avatar pic, BTW!

    • Veronica Allen profile imageAUTHOR

      Veronica Allen 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Thanks for your feedback quicksand - long time no hear, I hope things are going well for you. Thanks for your warm wishes, and I hope the new year comes in safe for you and your family.

    • quicksand profile image


      8 years ago

      It is very likely that the creature could be mistaken for an insect.

      Merry Xmas to you!

    • Veronica Allen profile imageAUTHOR

      Veronica Allen 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Thank you D.A.L. for stopping by. It's my hopes too that this tiny creature's habitat will be preserved, thereby preserving it.

    • D.A.L. profile image


      8 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      Excellent informative article. Let us hope that this unique mammal is saved from extinction by the efforts of those concerned. Thank you for bringing it to our attention.

    • Veronica Allen profile imageAUTHOR

      Veronica Allen 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Thanks creativeone59 and BkCreative for stopping by. Yes BkCreative, this poor little creature is in danger of becoming a part of the endangered list if its habitat isn't protected.

      Creativeone59 - this was my first time hearing of this bat as well.

    • BkCreative profile image


      8 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

      Well, I clicked on the word in your hub, 'bumblebee bat' - so I could see it. Wow! Too bad, it's very existence is in jeopardy.

      Thanks for the information!

    • creativeone59 profile image

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you Veronica for a very interesting hub, I didn't even know they existed. Thank you for sharing. Godspeed. creativeone59

    • Veronica Allen profile imageAUTHOR

      Veronica Allen 

      8 years ago from Georgia

      Thanks fastfreta and Hello, hello for stopping by - and so promptly to. I haven't seen the new feature fastfreta, but I'm going to check it out. Thank you for keeping me in mind. We have so many great hubbers out there that it's hard to pick and choose. I'll be sure to check it out.

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      8 years ago from London, UK

      Very, very interesting and I learned a lot. I never heard of it. Thank you very much.

    • fastfreta profile image

      Alfreta Sailor 

      8 years ago from Southern California

      You probably can easily mistake it for something else, being so little. So interesting. You did again Veronica. Have you seen the new feature that a hubber suggested in the forum about suggesting other hubbers hub. Go over and check it out, it's great. I am intending to recommend one of yours, however I'm having a tough time, because they are all go great.


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