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Updated on July 25, 2016


Spaying or Neutering is a sterilization technique that involves removal of the reproductive organs either a considerably large part or all of it from dogs. Spaying in dogs can be done in two different ways, (1) ovariohysterectomy; a term used to describe the technique practiced on female dogs, (2) Castration or gonadectomy; a method practiced on the male dogs. The "Neutering" term can be used when referring to both genders. Both ovariohysterectomy and Castration are known as fixing.


Spaying Male dogs

Neutering (Gonadectomy) is a procedure done on the male dogs, and it removes the basis of circulating testosterone by getting rid of the testicles, which is alleged to be the main influence on the observed changes in the behavior of the treated dogs. In male dogs, testosterone affects the dog’s brain largely at two points during their development. They include; prenatally and during its sexual maturity. Testosterone can diffuse in the uterus through the uterine blood flow and the amniotic membrane. Once it arrives at the male dog’s brain, it brings about the gender-specific changes.


Spaying Female dogs

Spaying (ovariohysterectomy) is the removal of the female dog’s uterus and ovaries by surgical means. They also tamper with the source of progesterone and estrogen in female dogs. This influences the cycling fluctuations in progesterones and estrogen that they have on the female dog behavior. The two hormones should balance in the blood circulation to avoid dramatic effects on the dogs.


Benefits of Spaying

A specialist or veterinarian performs these surgical procedures. They render the animal being unable to reproduce.

  • It has been proved that Sterilized animals have happier and longer lives. Spaying if effectively done completely eliminates the discomfort and stress that the female undergoes during heat periods. The female dogs are also, not in the risk of contracting uterine cancer. The risk of your dog of mammary cancer is also greatly reduced. The female dog should be spayed before they reach maturity. By so doing, the full health benefits are achieved. Spaying the dog before the first heat cycle reduces the mammary cancer risk by one-seventh.

  • Spaying or Neutering dogs can significantly save dogs from deaths and suffering caused by their overpopulation. This technique is affordable and a routine surgery. It is vital in preventing the unwanted and excessive birth of dogs. This solution is best for the dogs that might end up struggling and those suffering in the streets. Spaying is a superior solution to dogs abused by cruel people and those wandering all over with no homes.

  • On the other hand, Neutering reduces the likelihood of the male to roam or fight. The risk of contracting Prostate cancer is reduced. The male dog also has minimal chances of attack by contagious, deadly diseases. Such diseases include those spread through body fluids like feline leukemia and feline AIDS. Neutering of the male dog prevents some unwanted sexual behaviors. These include humping, male aggression, and urine marking. It also reduces the male dogs risk for perianal tumors.


Effects of Spaying

  • The dog first experience little discomfort though sterilizing is kept safe to dogs. That is why pain medication is performed during the operations. The dog will be back to normal after approximately one or two days. For all the reasons stated above, it is evident to understand why it is crucial to Spay or Neuter our dogs.

  • Problems resulting to failure to spaying and neutering may make communities spend a lot of money and resources. The cost of neutering or spaying is by far lower than the expense of feeding, housing and rounding up strays and abandoned animals.

  • All cities and countries in the world are always concerned by the animals’ overpopulation crisis. The action led to the requirement of everyone who does not neuter or spay their dogs to pay a fee known as the breeder’s fee. Areas, where the law of spaying and neutering is mandatory, have experienced fewer numbers of animals (including dogs) being subsequently euthanized and taken to their facilities.

  • Spaying and neutering do not affect the dogs’ weight as many people think. The tendency of the dog being inactive and overweight is because of overfeeding it. It is also because of lack of exercise. The thought that a dog will gain weight for being sterilized is not right at all.


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