ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is the purpose of a zoo nowadays?

Updated on June 21, 2011


1 Introduction

2 To satisfy public demand and interest

3 Scientific studies of animal

4 Protection of rare species

5 A tourist attraction

6 To arouse people’s awareness about animals

7 Human- animal relationships

1 Zoos have become nowadays highly sophisticated organisations. The general opinion is that a zoo organised along scientific lines can do more good than harm to animals. Most people and governments now believe that a zoo fulfils many valuable purposes and the high costs are justified. In fact, zoos have a wide range of interests and purposes, especially in a world which is more and more urbanised and industrialised.

2 These urban populations, cut off as they are from rich natural surroundings, require some form of contact with animals. The wider is the variety of animals, the greater the satisfaction of the public. The zoo therefore has a cultural purpose in the first place. Then it has an educational one. Going to the zoo means entering a new world, forgetting the steel and glass environment. Children and adults go to the zoo for recreation. Both have an innate interest in animals. A zoo enables them to have a safe, close view of the world’s zoological wealth.

3 A zoo also has the purpose of catering for the needs of scientists. Research in animal behaviour, disease, feeding and breeding habits can be effectively carried out in zoos. The scientific researcher can study his subject at ease and return to it as frequently as he needs. Zoos reproduce as accurately as possible – with the help of modern technical means – the natural environment of animals. Bears, for example, are kept in a bare, white open space to give them a semblance of their real Arctic home. Animals therefore fail to perceive they are in captivity and so are not stressed. A lot of new scientific knowledge about animals has been obtained by close studies in zoos.

4 Zoos today have another quite urgent purpose. A number of animals are in danger of getting extinct in the forests. In Mauritius, the kestrel is being saved from extinction by its reproduction in captivity here, and also in the USA with the help of the WWF. The giant panda in China is also facing extinction, and a number of zoos are trying to make pandas reproduce in captivity. Some years back, Madrid Zoo filmed the birth of a baby panda for the world to see. The Siberian tiger and the orang-utan are being saved likewise. However, to prevent genetic degeneration, scientists justly believe animals born in captivity should later be released in the wild.

5 A zoo is also a place of pride for a country. London Zoo is one of the landmarks in the City. Vincennes, near Paris, has a zoo that attracts millions of visitors every year. The zoo has thus become a place of tourist attraction. A slice of the jungle is brought to the urban environment of skyscrapers. However, few zoos can claim to be a complete representation of the world’s animals. So each zoo has its own characteristics, specialities or sceneries. The Londoner finds pleasure in visiting San Diego Zoo in the USA – the latter being different from London Zoo.

6 But zoos also have other common aims. One is to arouse in people the awareness about the importance and functions of animals in the wider world, and to sustain this awareness. The people will grow with the conviction that animals must be protected, not shot down. A zoo can do a lot to form an animal-conscious population so that the natural reserves of the country can be better maintained. It may instil in the ordinary citizen the idea that animals must not be over-hunted. Animals play an important role in the ecology of the planet and help to maintain the balance of nature.

7 And above all, a zoo illustrates more tellingly the need for a good relationship between man and animal. This cannot be achieved if man does not have a better knowledge of his close companions. Animals are biologically inferior to man. This is why they need us to help them in their business of living and sustaining nature and humans. Animals can be better understood by all people with the help of a zoo. They will thus have from man the respect and protection which they so much need. *

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      rorshak sobchak 7 years ago

      I love going to the zoos. It is extremely fun I haven't went since I was a little lad. I enjoyed the write up.

    • Rob Winters profile image

      Rob Winters 7 years ago

      Very nice elaboration of the values of Zoo's.Many people don't stop to think about this in such depth. Some modern Zoo's have really embraced the positive aspects you describe which is great.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)