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Where Do Chameleons Live in the World?

Updated on September 2, 2017

If you were thinking about buying a chameleon or a baby chameleon as a pet, you are making the right choice. They are great pets and extraordinary lizards that prove that nature and living beings are amazing. Before buying a chameleon, it is important to know as much as possible about them. This way, you will begin to understand their behavior and their needs.

So, where do chameleons come from? They belong to the chamaeleonidae family which is part of the old world lizard category. There are over 170 species of chameleons in the world and they are all different from each other. You will be fascinated by their ability to change the color of their skin, as well as by their ability to hide and hunt their pray.

You need to know these things about chameleons

Most chameleon types originate from Madagascar, Africa and South of the Sahara desert. Also, there is a species that has its roots in Asia, one in Southern India, one in Sri Lanka and some in the eastern coast of Europe. More than 90 species live in African and Madagascan trees, but they are often encountered in Malaga, Spain, too. Other species live in Hawaii, California and Florida.

Regardless of the species or type of chameleons, they are all incredible reptiles that have adapted their visual abilities to hunting. Their zygodactylous feet are great for hunting, while their long and extendable tongues help them swallow insects in an instant. They can move their eyes independently, having what scientists call a stereoscopic vision.

Climbing and hunting is what they are the best at, which is why it is very important to be offered the right accessories, plants and toys when hold captive. Preferably, they will have small fake or natural trees, Ficus plants, leaves and plenty of places to hide in. Also, being used to live in humid environments, they feel best in a foggy habitat. Placing a mister or a dripper inside their tank or cage will make them feel like home.

One of the most attractive characteristic of chameleons of all types is the fact that they can change the color of their skin in certain conditions. More than that, some species change the patterns, too. Depending on the species, they can change their coloration from pink, to blue, red, orange, pink, brown, yellow, turquoise, green, purple and many more. This occurs due to their superficial skin layer that contains pigments and their guanine crystal cells.

The color change function in chameleons of all species is meant to protect these lizards from enemies and attacks. Their most basic instinct is to camouflage. Social signaling is another reason why they change the color of their skin. Also, it takes place as a reaction to various temperature ranges. Intentions to other chameleons or the physiological changes are, at the same time, among the situations in which they change color. According to experts, a dark color on the skin of a chameleon means that they give up, while brighter colors are being displayed when they become aggressive.

Buy a chameleon as a pet if you want to own one of the most fascinating reptiles on the planet.

© 2017 Nick Carter

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