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Worm Farm Care and Maintenance

Updated on April 2, 2011

Me so happy

Some helpful worm tips

In my last hub I told you how to build a worm farm that would one day rule the word. Now I'll tell you how to build up your army and keep them going strong. Maintenance is one of the most important things to a worm farm. Just like anything else that lives, you have to take care of it to keep it going. So here are a few things to take into consideration when trying to maintain your worm farm. Enjoy.

Food and Feeding: As I said in my last hub keep to natural garden trimmings, egg shells, coffee, and vegetables. You don't just throw it all in there and call it a day though. Worms like their food to be prepared too. Get some candles, a nice table cloth, romantic music, and hope for the best. But in all reality I like to get a metal bucket and just put everything in it. Then I like to get a shovel and just chop it all up into really small pieces, this helps spread it out better and also it's easier for the worms to deal with. When adding paper, try to use paper that has as little chemicals as possible. I like to get shredded paper and soak it in water, then I drain the water and let the paper try out, this gets a lot of the chemicals out and is better for the worms. I feed my worms about once a week, depending how much food is left, it's always a good idea to get it into small pieces then spread it all around the farm then use the soil to cover it up so the food is all covered and the worms can eat in peace. Try and keep the soil as most as possible without it being mud, moist is good but mud is bad.

Bedding: I don't know about you, but I don't like crawling around in my own crap. Worms crap in the farm that they also build, you should change out the bedding every month or so, when it starts to smell like crap, it's time to change it. You can prolong this process by every week or so adding fresh dirt and removing some. You should again layer the farm with dirt, paper, grass, etc. Make sure when you are removing dirt to be careful not to harm any worms or throw any away.

Harvesting worms: When you're ready to get some worms out of the farm there are a few ways you can do it. Some people make electrical probes you can stick in the ground and it electrocutes the ground and the worms come up. I find this very dangerous both for the worms and the person using it so I don't recommend it and will not be telling you how to make one. I prefer to just stick my hands in the dirt and start going through it. I recommend leaving the smaller ones and taking only the larger ones so that they have time to grow. One little trick I found was filling one corner of the rub with a lot of water, for some reason the worms are drawn to the water and will start to hang out right around the edge of the pool and are easy pickin. If you're looking to add more worms to your collection, I recommend going outside when it rains heavy and worms will literally just be crawling around on the grass, cement, and everywhere else.

So there you have it, basically you just need to feed them, clean their home and keep them happy. Worms are very delicate and it doesn't take much to harm them. Keep it simple and in no time your worms will turn into American Gladiators. When in doubt, drop a question and I'll let you know what I think as soon as I can.

Got a question? ask me here

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    • YoJDawg profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Arroyo Grande

      Well i wouldn't put any citrus in the farm. It tends to be strong for worms. Also getting too wet can cause the worms to want to get away because they are drowning. If your kids do put a lot of food I would take some out and also mix it around. It helps spread everything and help keep or compost.

    • profile image

      Adam from HongKong 

      7 years ago

      We started up a worm farm at school here with the kids.

      We have a multi story worm bin out on a deck in the open. It started out well, wed been feeding them mainly fruit scraps and coffees grinds. The worms seemed happy we were feeding them every day. There was a couple of heavy days of rain, and the soil was quite wet.

      There was the odd bit of orange peel going in, which was hard to monitor as there was kids in charge of the food scraps. We had a n ant invasion, and some grubs and fly move in which didnt seem to help either, and the worms appear to have squirmed away. Any tips for our next try ? I think it got too wet , and there was too much food going into the farm but any help would be much apprieciated.

      worm noob and the grade 3kids

    • YoJDawg profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Arroyo Grande

      I would put in about a half a gallon and mix it all up. If the soil feels moist through out the whole thing then you should be good. The trick is not to drown them but to leave it moist enough for them to move and breathe. I like to keep a layer of really wet fluid at the bottom of leaves and dirt so that when it would dry out on top, it would pull the moisture from the bottom up. Also keeping it well hidden from light and heat keeps the bucket nice and moist.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I have started a 5-gal pail as a worm farm. I have newspaper, soil,compost. I purchased worms on-line. I need to know how moist I should keep the soil. I also hear feed them once a week. Nothing I have seen gives me an indication of how much for a container this size. I have 250 Red Wigglers in the pail.

      Any help would be appreciated. Thank you.

    • YoJDawg profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Arroyo Grande

      I dont have a certain website off hand, i just looked online at a few different options. Mostly depends on how in depth you want to go with it. Mine was basically just a bin with dirt and a few different layers of vegetation. i left a pretty good gap at the top so they couldn't escape though.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      where can i find the best instructions for building a worm farm? i am getting conflicting instructions from different web sites. my current bins are plastic tubs but we are having a mass exit of worms. what could be the problem?

    • profile image

      CoUrT nEy 

      10 years ago

      i want to keep my worms inside my dorm room. where should i keep front of the window or in a dark corner? Also, i can't seem to get the worm farm right...i'm starting over now because i made a bad mistake. I put grapefruit peelings in there. i thought they'd like them..after reading what you said about that i felt horrible; poor little worms!

      However, I don't want to buy my worms at the store, I enjoy digging them up and finding them on my own to put in there together. Will this make a difference?

    • YoJDawg profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from Arroyo Grande

      Mr. Pages, anything that is solid, leak free and easier enough for you to get your hands in there and check it out is good. A bathtub would be an awesome tub because not only does it look cool but the width and depth would be ideal. Also because it is thick it would hold in a lot of the natural heat created. Right now im using a plastic tub that people put under their beds because it is not too deep by plenty wide.

      Mini Pages, i'd say i have about 150-200 worms. I could totaly be wrong but when i go through it all it seems about that.

    • jamestedmondson profile image


      10 years ago from San Francisco

      What is your favorite use for worms?

      Mine would be to dare Russel Vreeland to eat one, and with the right farm, I could do that hundreds of time.

      How many worms would you guess are in your farm?

    • Paul Edmondson profile image

      Paul Edmondson 

      11 years ago from Burlingame, CA

      When I was a kid there was a worm farm at my grandmother's house in an old bathtub. Any recommendations on containers for worms?

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 

      11 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Thanks for the great HUB.

      regards Zsuzsy

    • YoJDawg profile imageAUTHOR


      11 years ago from Arroyo Grande

      Well i recommend trying again? what failed? if you need help im always down for spreading the worm love

    • Whitney05 profile image


      11 years ago from Georgia

      I tried to raise worms for compost when I was younger... It didnt' work. :-\


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