ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Dogs for veterans!

Updated on June 18, 2014

Service and therapy dogs give veterans something to lean on.

Far too many soldiers return from the war with disabling injuries and disabilities that make it difficult for them to cope with the challenges of every day life.

But there is hope. Specially trained dogs of all shapes, sizes and color are helping these veterans in a wide variety of ways to give them the assistance they need to help them live a more full life.

This lens honors these canine heroes who give of their lives to veterans throughout the United States, and serve them unselfishly; providing them with much needed assistance, comfort and friendship.

Service dogs help disabled veterans.

New York's ABC 7 News reports about a new service dog program by Dogs for Deaf and Disabled Americans (AKA NEADS) of Princeton, MA. The dogs are raised primarily by prisoners, then trained for the specific challenges facing disabled veterans.

Dogs are heroes in veterans eyes.

Canine compassion: Paws for Purple Hearts

With a year-old golden retriever at his feet, Iraq war veteran Christopher Hill slept soundly through the night - something the muscular Marine staff sergeant hadn't experienced in four years.

Veterans Helped by Healing Paws

Deuce, a chocolate Labrador retriever, knows exactly which patients at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington give the best treats, said his owner, Harvey Naranjo.

Both he and Deuce are part of the Military Advanced Training Center, a department at Walter Reed that cares for severely disabled veterans.

Vietnam vet's pet helps ease traumatic stress remaining from war

A Vietnam veteran with post-traumatic stress disorder received an unconventional prescription in July - a cat named Patch.

(Photo by Alan Poizner for The New York Times)

Nolls helps Joe adjust to life after Afghanistan

Joe Keck is a soldier in the US Army who lost his left arm while serving in Afghanistan.

When Joe heard about the NEADS Canines for Combat Veterans Program while recuperating at Walter Reed, he requested that a Service Dog help him carry his text books and open heavy doors for him as he plans on returning to college. He also asked if his Service Dog could pick up small objects for him as it was difficult to do this with his prosthetic device.

Now Nolls, a big black lab, who was raised by inmates at the Hampshire County Jail fills the bill becoming Joe's extra hand.

Photo and story courtesy of Canines for Combat Veterans

Chris shares his story of PTSD and how his dog, Pele, helps him get through the day.

War dogs are veterans too.

Working alongside brave soldiers, K9 Corps have helped soldiers since WW I fight for our freedom - saving many, many lives, with no regard for their own.

Many times these dogs are wounded and in need of therapy themselves. In 2008, a new $15 million veterinary hospital for four-legged military personnel opened at Lackland Air Force Base, offering a long overdue facility that gives advanced medical treatment for combat-wounded dogs.

Over the years these dogs have given their lives to military service, while others return home to live out their life in the peace and comfort of their handler families.

Visit my Dogs of War lens and learn more about our canine military heroes throughout history.

This lens is brought to you by... - where you can shop for cool stuff for cool dogs. has put together, in one place, all the cool stuff you need for your dog.

Find dog beds, all natural foods and treats, collars, leashes, charms, training and agility gear, vitamins and supplements, books, clothing, toys, crates, dog seat belts, t-shirts and other cool stuff for two and four-leggers!

And the best part is they donate 10% of their profits to dog shelters and rescues!

Give me some woofs!

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Radgrl profile image


      5 years ago

      Nice lens! I'm a veteran but not during wartime. Thanks for recognizing veterans. I think it's wonderful service dogs are helping veterans.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Great lens, thanks for bringing attention to the veterans and their special helpers. Much appreciated!

    • Loretta L profile image

      Loretta Livingstone 

      6 years ago from Chilterns, UK.

      What a lovely and unusual lens.

    • Englishmastiffe profile image


      7 years ago

      Veterans are a great for us. I know that they deserve dogs and these animals can provide some great comfort for all of us.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      This is an excellent lens with amazing and thought provoking information, thank you for sharing. ~Blessed by a SquidAngel~

    • softclaws profile image


      7 years ago

      meow :)

    • Rowangaia profile image


      7 years ago

      I love this lens: thank you so much!

    • Onemargaret LM profile image

      Onemargaret LM 

      7 years ago

      Pets always make a person feel good. And a dog really is man's best friend. Much better than some two-legged animals.

    • Gypzeerose profile image

      Rose Jones 

      7 years ago

      Back to sprinkle some angel dust, and to let you know I listed this lens as a related lens to my Veterans Site lens.

    • BLemley profile image

      Beverly Lemley 

      7 years ago from Raleigh, NC

      Fantastic, beautiful lens ~ very meaningful, and great info for everyone to see and understand the power of the pet-assisted therapy dogs to change lives. SquidAngel blessed, and I have put this on my Field of Honor at Attention lens! I truly loved those videos! I am passing this link along! Bless the trainers! B : )

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I'm a Vietnam vet, purple heart recipient and a serious dog lover. What's not to like about this lens. Thanks much for putting it together. Semper Fi

    • ATTHED LM profile image

      ATTHED LM 

      7 years ago

      As a dog owning vet (unscathed I hasten to add) I agree 100% with the other comments, great lens.


    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Woof woof, what a great lens!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      These faithful creatures are not only helping out war veterans but also other, normal people, by acting as a stress reliever! I forget all my worries, sorrows and anger when I see my Shaggy boy! He understands my mood very well and acts accordingly.

    • tvyps profile image

      Teri Villars 

      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Very cool. I am a disabled vet & have a dog. She seems to know when things are not right and comes to visit me. Squid Angel blessed!

    • gengonow profile image


      8 years ago

      Love this lens, thank you!

    • SheGetsCreative profile image

      Angela F 

      8 years ago from Seattle, WA

      Excellent lens - featuring on my Dogs of War.

    • desa999 lm profile image

      desa999 lm 

      8 years ago

      Hi, I wasn't even aware this program existed. Thank you for the detailed information.

    • marlene3 profile image


      8 years ago

      Nice lens- You have created very helpful & informative lens. Thanks

    • bames24 lm profile image

      bames24 lm 

      8 years ago

      woof woof woof woof woof... that means 5 stars :)

    • JanezKranjski profile image


      8 years ago

      This guys are doing very noble work. Respect.

    • SquidooMBA profile image


      8 years ago

      Two of my best friends train service dogs. Thanks for spreading the word.

    • LittleLindaPinda profile image

      Little Linda Pinda 

      8 years ago from Florida

      We will never know just how smart dogs are. I find their intelligence amazing too. It seems like they know what we are thinking too.

    • Twilight-Squid profile image


      8 years ago

      Brava on featuring these wonderful service dogs who assist our heroic military men and women, not to mention the trainers/handlers. They all deserve our support.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      i love how dogs work too :-) and they work for food, shelter and affection. they are amazing creatures. great lens!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Wonderful, wonderful lens - amazing dogs and amazing people. Thank you for sharing. If only I could double-bless this!

    • jdwheeler profile image


      8 years ago

      Dogs are such amazing animals. They are truly man's (woman's) best friend!

    • yano jl profile image

      yano jl 

      8 years ago

      This is a great idea Johann! Win-WIn for everyone. Your love and respect for our veterans (and animals) does not go unnoticed or unappreciated. Thank you!

      1 more SquidLike for you, my friend.

    • DieselJoe profile image


      8 years ago

      Thanks for supporting the Troops!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Love dogs, Love our Veterans! Great Lens!!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      This is lens is amazing! I love dogs, I love veterans too, coz my father is one of them. I salute all because they are all courageous and loyal. Thanks for creating a lens dedicated for them!

      Bahrns Material Handling

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      An awesome service for amazing people. And a wonderful lens, thank you.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Wonderful lens, thanks for sharing. Just stopping by to say Hello and wish you a great week.

    • Julia Morais profile image

      Julia Morais 

      8 years ago

      I love dogs. These dogs are amazing. This is a great lens dedicated to both veterans and man's best friend.

    • modernchakra profile image


      8 years ago

      When I was studying music therapy I came across a program that used pets as therapy and gave high school students the opportunity to have responsibility and a companion. I am very thankful that dogs are being used in service to veterans, a very unique and healthy way to enhance a person's life. Thank you for taking the time to right this. Woof Woof!

    • SusanDeppner profile image

      Susan Deppner 

      8 years ago from Arkansas USA

      Awesome lens! No doubt that dogs are therapeutic, but these trained assistance dogs are totally amazing.

    • squid-pinkchic18 profile image


      8 years ago

      Beautiful lens, dogs can be such a blessing - this is a great example of that.

    • Gypzeerose profile image

      Rose Jones 

      8 years ago

      I love dogs so much, and I have written about service dogs as well. Dogs for vets are definitely some of my favorites - especially the dogs that were being trained by prisoners to help traumatized veterans - rehabilitating for both of them.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      enjoyed my visit to your lens tonight, earned a 'thumbs up' from this avid dog lover.

    • freyalou profile image


      8 years ago

      So many touching stories here. Dogs are amazing!

    • Kelsey-Budden-16 profile image


      8 years ago

      Great lens! :) It's very good to know that, dogs are becoming of more service to people each year. ;) I know I couldn't live without my dog and, I don't have any disabilities or anything. Gosh! Imagine what it feels like being a veteran finding his strength all over again! It just goes to show, veterans have heroes too! :)

    • staymor profile image


      8 years ago

      Just a great lens.

    • RaintreeAnnie profile image


      8 years ago from UK

      I Love this page... I have met quite a few guide dogs, assistance dogs etc and know how much they mean to their families. Amazing connections are formed. Good to know how dogs are helping veterans too.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Very informative! Very nice topic :)

    • rashmis lm profile image

      rashmis lm 

      8 years ago

      Gr8 work, keep it up. Thx for sharing.

    • wheresthekarma profile image


      8 years ago

      Aww love this lens!! So sweet. God bless the doggies!! Our best friends. :)

    • favored profile image

      Fay Favored 

      8 years ago from USA

      I loved this lens. Thank you for sharing these stories and helping us to remember all who are involved with keeping America what she!

    • lasertek lm profile image

      lasertek lm 

      8 years ago

      Great topic! Thanks for sharing.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Quite an interesting topic. Tangential but related to this is that I am a dog walker and I walk a jack Russel for an 80 year old lady. She used to live alone and it took a while to get used to having a dog in the house again, and she nearly gave it away as it had too much energy, but now that I walk it three times a week she finds it indispensable. A cure non judgmental company that brings joy to many people, that's dogs for everyone I think ,,,

    • BlueStarling profile image


      8 years ago

      Somewhere I read an article written by an Iraq veteran who talked about how his dog saved his life. He was depressed to the point of suicide, and one night, intending to end it all, he got out his gun. But his dog sat there, looking at him, and he couldn't do it. Dogs help us in endless ways. Enjoyed the videos. Wonderful lens.

    • TheGourmetCoffe profile image


      8 years ago

      Very nice lens. My wife's first family dog was a military service dog with some amazing training as I hear from family stories. Love reading about the service dogs and the amazing things they do for humans: rescue, seeking survivors in earthquakes, capturing criminals, etc. Thank you for sharing your insights.

    • renstar lm profile image

      renstar lm 

      8 years ago

      Great lens, My Dads old dog was an ex military large German Shepherd that saw world war 2 over in France, Umm loved that dog when I was 6

    • Shoputopian profile image


      8 years ago from Lower Mainland of BC

      Angel blessed this is a great topic...

    • Brandi Bush profile image


      8 years ago from Maryland

      These dogs for veterans are amazing. I'm featuring this on my "Patriotic Lenses on Squidoo" lens. Thanks for sharing about these special animals!

    • tyler70 profile image


      8 years ago

      Great lens! What a great topic to choose to write about!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      I think it is great idea and a fantastic service to veterans!

    • LisaAuch1 profile image

      Lisa Auch 

      8 years ago from Scotland

      Blessed by a Passing Squid Angel High Paws! keep up the Woof woof work!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      I like this

    • profilesincolor profile image


      8 years ago

      5 woofs, 10 wags! Nice Work! :-)

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      You have done something that could be called as a great.Nice one,really impressive lens.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Nice article. I love dogs..Thanks for the lens

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Beautiful lens! I wish I own one.

    • ActiveDogToys profile image


      8 years ago

      What a great lens!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Great lens and congrats on LOTD!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Good story! Dogs are our hero.

    • Philippians468 profile image


      8 years ago

      thank you for this delightful lens! cheers

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Thanks for this important lens! Congrats!

    • vermontmom profile image


      8 years ago

      You've gotta love dogs. And the power of their unconditional love. Thanks!

    • ChrisDay LM profile image

      ChrisDay LM 

      8 years ago

      This is such important work - may you receive a reward in heaven. Congratulations on LotD.

    • Nancy Hardin profile image

      Nancy Carol Brown Hardin 

      8 years ago from Las Vegas, NV

      Great lens, and I'm sure our wounded warriors appreciate all the ways their canine friends help them. Thanks for sharing. Congratulations on LOTD.

    • KimGiancaterino profile image


      8 years ago

      Congratulations on LOTD! Excellent choice for Memorial Day.

    • jeremecausing profile image

      Jereme Causing 

      8 years ago from Philippines

      nice info

    • writerkath profile image


      8 years ago

      I've heard of these pups for veterans. Just wonderful! I'm really psyched that you are bringing this service to light. Blessings!

      :) Hugs,


    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Very nice gesture for a worthy cause - you should be commended on your efforts and lovely thoughts - keep it up :-}}

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Yay Puppies! Psst well done Johann, warm hugs, ear scratchies and belly rubs from Auntie Kathy LOL

      ~ Blessed by a Squidoo Angel ~

    • Faye Rutledge profile image

      Faye Rutledge 

      8 years ago from Concord VA

      Great lens! Congratulations on LotD!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Johann, you have outdone yourself here, congratulations on an important LOTD, you have me wiping tears of appreciation. About to feature on my Veterans and Veterans of War - USA and my Support Our Troops and Veterans....and my I Want a Dog, thank you!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      A friend has a sweet, smart, wonderful dog who needs a home. I'm going to send her your lens. Thanks for your work for this good cause.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Congrats on LOTD for such a heart warming lens.(injured vets aside naturally)

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Very nice LOTD. Dogs, pets, they are all such gifts in this life.

    • delia-delia profile image


      8 years ago

      Congratulations on LOTD! I have always liked this lens and cause...

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Great lens. Congrats on the Lense of the Day.

    • RiverCygnet profile image


      8 years ago

      Congrats on LOTD!!! Wonderful lens

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Congrats on LOTD!

    • retta719 profile image


      8 years ago from United States

      Congrats on LOTD ~ a beautiful lens and a wonderful cause!

    • Mistalina profile image


      8 years ago

      A marvelous lens. Thank you.

    • squidoopets profile image

      Darcie French 

      8 years ago from Abbotsford, BC

      I love hearing stories like this, very inspiring, many thanks

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Nice lens. Thanks.

    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 

      8 years ago from Colorado

      Really appreciated learning more about this powerful program. Animals are so healing. Congrats on LOTD and thank you for this focus on such an important mission.

    • gypsyman27 lm profile image

      gypsyman27 lm 

      8 years ago

      You know that pigeons were the most decorated animals in WWl. Good lens detailing K9 war efforts. See you around the galaxy...

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      What a great LOD for Memorial Day. Thanks to all the veterans who have kept us free!

    • jeffersonline profile image


      8 years ago

      A truly inspiring lens.

      As I'm typing this our soldiers, sailors and airmen are far from home with their lives on the line for us. Why does it take a Squidoo lens to highlight this? Why aren't our politicians doing more for our people?

      Thanks again for this, as a veteran myself, and one who came back safely, it's both moving and humbling at the same time.

    • Hero-Dogs LM profile image

      Hero-Dogs LM 

      8 years ago

      @nissan72: Obviously, this isn't my lens but I wanted to reply to nissan72's comments. Different organizations use different breeds for different reasons. Please keep in mind that dogs are/were bred for different reasons and thus have different tendencies. The AKC has a great explanation on what the different breed groups are bred to do.

      Hero Dogs Inc. and many other service dog organizations prefer to use "Retrievers" as "Service Dogs" because a large portion of how they will spend their time is actually retrieving items for the person they are teamed with. A service dogs' job can be quite stressful at times and they need to love what they do. Retrievers, retrieve on purpose. Those who love it will do it all day/night long, it is simply who they are.

      Again, please keep in mind that I am talking about a "service" dog (not a companion, not a therapy dog). I do know of other types of companion dog programs who do not "insist" on retriever breeds.

      Either way, I think dogs are the greatest! I know how much love they bring to my life which is why I volunteer to help provide Service Dogs to Wounded Veterans...seriously, it is the least I can do.

      Thank you for your service,


    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Me being a wife of a Veteran i would love to say first of all THANK YOU for this program.On another note i honestly believe Dogs are a wonderful therapy for any person ill or injured.I believe dogs are a connection between the ill or injured that Doctors cannot even replace or fix.Its amazing how much our 4 legged pets can do to help.But me also being an animal lover,i honestly hope and pray that any BREED can be a great therapy.I hope in all honesty that other BREEDS are considered,not just your ordinary Labs or Retrievers.I honesly believe that Pit bulls and American Bulldogs make awesome therapy dogs,they are loyal,loving,devoted,and caring when it comes to their owners.Me having not only a Veteran as a husband but also 3 children in the home,having 2 Pit bulls in my home that came to us from the shelter,have been not only been a complete blessing,but also a gift sent from God.They have helped my husband in many times of depression painful memories come out of it to only bring his good side back and back to the relaxed state.So i please ask that since this program is so wonderful,please also consider taking in breeds such as Pit bulls,American Bulldogs,Bull Terriers,Rottweilers,not just your average Labs and Retrievers or your little doggies,give these other Breeds to shine as for what they really are,great wonderful therapy dogs in so many ways.Thank You

    • BuckHawkcenter profile image


      8 years ago

      Johann, your stories are very inspiring. We have adopted a number of dogs to service people and their families. Some to be companions, some to be support, but all to be loved. It always warms my heart when I see the connection between canines and humans. Angel Blessed and featured on Angel Flys Over Dog Lenses*

    • Wednesday-Elf profile image


      9 years ago from Savannah, Georgia

      What a great program - providing service dogs to Veterans. My daughter's college roomie and best friend has been confined to a wheelchair for 15 years since a fall paralyzed her. Today she takes care of herself, goes to work, and travels... all with her service dog at her side -- the 2nd one, actually, first one is now retired. :) Knowing how much her dog does for her, both physically and mentally, I can easily see what such a dog can do for a wounded veteran. Excellent story, Johann! :)

    • delia-delia profile image


      9 years ago

      Great lens! I am so glad that they have programs like this...I'm going to look more into this...we should never forget our Veterans and if a pet can help heal this is fantastic.

    • GoPoochYourself profile image


      9 years ago

      This is so touching. I met a veteran who had a Borzoi as a PTSD support dog (from an organization called Operation Wolfhound). His dog stays calm and nuzzles him when he panics. It was really amazing!

    • Stazjia profile image

      Carol Fisher 

      9 years ago from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK

      Excellent information about the important role dogs can have helping veterans suffering from injuries or other effects of war. Blessed by an Angel.

    • The-Java-Gal profile image


      9 years ago

      Lot's of woofs from me. This is such important information. Service dogs offer so much more than just physical service to their owners. Making service dogs available to vets should have happened a long time ago. Not quite the same as owning a service dog, my dad was in a VA nursing home which was regularly visited by Hershey, a chocolate lab service dog, and he always cheered the guys up. Animals have the ability to reach deeper than humans can ever go sometimes. Thanks for this great information!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)