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Endangered Animals in North America

Updated on June 23, 2014
ArtByLinda profile image

The author is an amateur artist and photographer that loves to travel with her husband of 35 years.

Animals that are Endanger in North America

When we think of animals that are extinct or endangered, we often think of them as being native to some other country.

Imagine my surprise when I found out that there are animals that are endangered right in our own "backyard".

These are a list of Animals, including mammals, amphibians and reptiles that are listed as endangered, critically endangered, extinct in the wild or already extinct in North America.

Mammals listed in the United States

87 records in the US alone - and these are just the mammals

Inverted Common Name

Bat, gray

Bat, Hawaiian hoary

Bat, Indiana

Bat, lesser long-nosed

Bat, little Mariana fruit

Bat, Mariana fruit (=Mariana flying fox)

Bat, Mexican long-nosed

Bat, Ozark big-eared

Bat, Virginia big-eared

Bear, American black

Bear, grizzly

Bear, Louisiana black

Bear, polar

Bison, wood

Caribou, woodland

Deer, Columbian white-tailed

Deer, key

Ferret, black-footed

Fox, San Joaquin kit

Fox, San Miguel Island

Fox, Santa Catalina Island

Fox, Santa Cruz Island

Fox, Santa Rosa Island


Jaguarundi, Gulf Coast

Jaguarundi, Sinaloan

Kangaroo rat, Fresno

Kangaroo rat, giant

Kangaroo rat, Morro Bay

Kangaroo rat, San Bernardino Merriam's

Kangaroo rat, Stephens'

Kangaroo rat, Tipton

Lynx, Canada

Manatee, West Indian

Mountain beaver, Point Arena

Mouse, Alabama beach

Mouse, Anastasia Island beach

Mouse, Choctawhatchee beach

Mouse, Key Largo cotton

Mouse, Pacific pocket

Mouse, Perdido Key beach

Mouse, Preble's meadow jumping

Mouse, salt marsh harvest

Mouse, southeastern beach

Mouse, St. Andrew beach


Otter, Northern Sea

Otter, southern sea

Panther, Florida

Prairie dog, Utah

Pronghorn, Sonoran

Puma (=cougar), eastern

Puma (=mountain lion)

Rabbit, Lower Keys marsh

Rabbit, pygmy

Rabbit, riparian brush

Rice rat

Seal, Guadalupe fur

Seal, Hawaiian monk

Sea-lion, Steller

Sea-lion, Steller

Seal, spotted

Sheep, Peninsular bighorn

Sheep, Sierra Nevada bighorn

Shrew, Buena Vista Lake ornate

Squirrel, Carolina northern flying

Squirrel, Delmarva Peninsula fox

Squirrel, Mount Graham red

Squirrel, northern Idaho ground

Squirrel, Virginia northern flying

Vole, Amargosa

Vole, Florida salt marsh

Vole, Hualapai Mexican

Whale, Beluga

Whale, blue

Whale, bowhead

Whale, finback

Whale, humpback

Whale, killer

Whale, North Atlantic Right

Whale, North Pacific Right

Whale, Sei

Whale, sperm

Wolf, gray

Wolf, red

Woodrat, Key Largo

Woodrat, riparian (=San Joaquin Valley)

Spotlight - San Joaquin Antelope Ground Squirrel

Ammospermophilus nelsoni

These adorable little squirres are listed as endangered because they are only found in the central and wester San Joaquin Valley and neighboring areas of Cuyama Valley, Panoche Valley, Carrizo Plain, and the Elkhorn Plains. Their habitat is on the decline and their population numbers are decreasing by less than 30% over the last ten years.

Their Habitat consists of dry flat or rolling terrain, and they live on grassy, sparsely shrubby ground (shrubs include saltbush, ephedra, bladder pod, goldenbush, and snakeweed.

These squirrels seldom dig their own burrows; most often they use burrows made by other small mammals under shrubs, in banks of the arroyos, at the bottom of alluvial fans.

Breeding season is in the spring, they give birth in March after a gestation period of 26 days and usually the babies are not seen until around April when they begin their first adventures above ground to find food. The only breed once a year, and have litters of from six to twelve babies, averaging nine. Their lifespan ranges from less than a year to five or more years. The average is less than a year.

They eat bugs, green vegetation and forb seeds.

Their decline is a result of loss of habitat due to agricultural and urban development as well as oil and gas exploration practices. Primary existing threats include loss of habitat due to agricultural development, urbanization, and petroleum extraction, and the use of rodenticides for ground squirrel control. Overgrazing and associated loss of shrub cover is a concern in some areas. These threats will be alleviated by the implementation of the San Joaquin Endangered Species Recovery Plan.

Endangered Animals - Learn more about endangered animals

Hope for Animals and Their World: - How Endangered Species Are Being Rescued from the Brink

Wild Echoes: - Encounters with the Most Endangered Animals in North America

What can you do to help?

You have already begun, the first thing is to become aware.

What animals are Endangered?

Where do they live?

Am I impacting them in some way?

We have to share this earth, lets find a way to live together with them without destroying them.

Should we save the endangered animals? - Tell us your opinion

Should we save the endangered animals?

Yes, we should help save all the endangered animals because

Yes, we should help save all the endangered animals because

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    • Frankie Kangas 5 years ago from California

      Yes, I think we should try to save them all. I truly believe that man is the man reason many are extinct or on their way to extinction. If they are dying off because of evolution, then so be it. But I'll bet it's mostly man's fault. Over-hunting, habitat destruction, etc.

    No, it is just natural selection, the strongest will survive and adapt.

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      • MargoPArrowsmith 6 years ago

        Well, some of them would be gone without us, that is evolution.

        We should, however, work to save the ones that we are unnaturally making extinct.

      Thank you for taking the first step to learn what animals are endangered in North America. Please leave a comment or share your ideas or thoughts below.

      Please share your thoughts here

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        • WildFacesGallery profile image

          Mona 6 years ago from Iowa

          That's really quite a list though not surprising.

        • MargoPArrowsmith profile image

          MargoPArrowsmith 6 years ago

          This is a lens to be proud of!

        • norma-holt profile image

          norma-holt 6 years ago

          Great lens and a good wake up call. Featured on Save Planet Earth - well done,.

        • dustytoes profile image

          dustytoes 6 years ago

          Wow, you have put a lot of work in here. The pictures are wonderful. Now I am a bit more knowledgeable.

        • imolaK profile image

          imolaK 6 years ago

          Fantastic lens with nice photos. Blessed!

        • Joyce Mann profile image

          Joyce T. Mann 6 years ago from Bucks County, Pennsylvania USA

          These animals are all oh so beautiful. May they all survive!

        • profile image

          DonMcCyclist1 5 years ago

          I'd say you've got makings of lots of lenses with what you include here, but however you present it, I'm glad it's here. Best wishes in expressing your passion for endangered creatures (and maybe humans without knowing it have our turn on the endangered list).

        • Franksterk profile image

          Frankie Kangas 5 years ago from California

          Thank you so much for sharing your findings. It is scary that there are sooo many animals going extinct. Angel Blessings. Bear hugs, Frankster

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