How to Feed a Pet Leopard Gecko
The Size of Prey
The size of prey that a leopard gecko can devour, depends on the size of the gecko. The size of the prey that one feed a pet leopard gecko should be no longer than the length and should be half the width of the leopard geckos head. Baby geckos should be fed small meal worms or small crickets. Mid-sized geckos should be fed large cricket, medium to large meal worms, and/or small to medium super worms. Adult geckos should be fed large crickets, large meal worms, large super worms, and/or pink mice (pink mice should only be offered to adult geckos no more than once per month due to the fact that pink mice are very fattening).
Leopard Gecko Diet Selection
There is a large variety of insects when it comes to feeding a leopard gecko.
Super worms (adult geckos only)
Pink mice (adult geckos only)
The best diet for leopard geckos are the appropriate sized, commercially raised crickets and meal worms. Adult geckos can eat a more variety of foods which may include super worms and/or pink mice. He market today offers owners with a variety of dried and frozen meal options for leopard geckos. Most geckos need to be conditioned to eat dried and/or frozen prey. Some geckos take to these stagnant food options, others refuse to eat them (it all depends on the individual geckos food preference).
How to Prepare Leopard Gecko Food
Upon purchase of live leopard gecko food it is important to gut load crickets or meals worms prior to feeding a leopard gecko pet. To gut load live food for a leopard gecko, put the crickets, meal worms, etc in a plastic container and provide high quality food for the bugs to eat (before feeding them to a gecko). There are commercial cricket meals and gut load that are filled with vitamins and minerals that are essential for a leopard gecko to consume. One can also gut load gecko food by placing carrots, orange slices, and kale in the plastic container overnight with the gecko live gecko food (these foods will also provide necessary water to keep the bugs alive).
Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation
Leopard geckos are very tolerant creatures to do not require as much vitamin and mineral supplementation as other lizards do. One essential supplementation that leopard geckos do require is calcium. Minutes prior to feeding the pet leopard gecko, once should dust the food with calcium powder. Some breeders will tell an individual owner to keep a small dish of calcium in the enclosure at all times, while also dusting the food with calcium prior to feeding. Immature/baby geckos should be supplemented at every feeding, while adult geckos only need to be supplemented every other feeding (but it won't hurt them to dust the food in every feeding).
When and How to Feed a Leopard Gecko
Most lizards need to eat a wide variety of food everyday, leopard geckos are not as high maintenance as other reptiles/lizards. Leopard geckos only need to eat once a week (or biweekly at the least). A leopard can go a very long time without food, but to ensure the health of the pet leopard gecko one should feed the gecko several times each month, while offering the gecko a variety of food. A leopard gecko should be fed at least twice, preferably three or four, times per month. A baby leopard gecko should be fed everyday or every two days. Ideally, each time a leopard gecko is fed, it should be a different type of food (if one feeds the gecko crickets, the next time the gecko is fed one should offer meal worms, or super worms), but many owners have been successful in keeping leopard geckos healthy by only offering properly gut loaded and calcium dusted crickets and/or meal worms. The food provided to a leopard gecko should be placed in shallow ceramic dishes, an clean ashtray, plastic jars, or small plastic pet dishes. This will help prevent the meal worms and/or super worms from escaping into the enclosure and burrowing and hiding in the substrate. If crickets are fed to the leopard gecko placing them into a dish will help reduce the rate at which the crickets disperse into the enclosure.
Watering a Leopard Gecko
A pet leopard gecko should have a filled water dish in the enclosure at all times. A leopard gecko needs to drink water on a daily basis just as any other living creature. Even though a leopard gecko can go a period of time without food and water, an owner should still provide clean water every few days. Water should be provided in a shallow container similar, but separate from the feeding dish. The water needs to be visible to the gecko, and the dish should be shallow enough so the gecko can drink out of it in the same manner as a dog or a cat would. Some say to remove the water dish after a few hours and offer water again in a day or two, but if the water stay in the enclosure at all times, it is very important to change the water every few days to prevent bacterial growth and fecal contamination for these things can cause infection and illness in the leopard gecko. All dishes in the enclosure should be cleaned and disinfected once a month (the same as cleaning and disinfecting the entire enclosure).
Philippe de Vosjoli, Roger Klingenberg, Ron Tremper, and Brian Viets. The Leopard Gecko Manual. Irvine: Advanced Vivarium Systems, Inc. 2004. Print.
Read On About Shedding and Tail Loss in Leopard Geckos
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Learn how leopard geckos shed and possible shedding problems and tail loss in order to raise a healthy leopard gecko.