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Updated on September 25, 2015

History of the Pomeranian

The modern-day Pomeranian is the descendant of the sled dogs from Greenland and Lapland, which were brought to Pomerania, which is in Europe. The breeders in Pomerania improved the breed's coat. They, also, bred the dog down to a smaller size for city living.

The dogs were about 20 pounds when they reached England. There, English breeders, reduced the size further. They are the breeders who are responsible for the different colors the Pomeranians now come in.

Pomeranian Temperament

Pomeranians are very active dogs. They are intelligent, courageous, and very loyal.

Despite their size, this breed enjoys to walk, which make them great walking companions.

Pomeranians are confident, commanding, and outgoing.

This breed is not recommended for families with smaller children because them can become temperamental and a little nippy.

Pomeranians make excellent watch dogs and will sound a bark when they sense danger.

The Pomeranian is lively and eager to learn. On average, they get along well with other household pets if given a proper introduction.

Pomeranians love to just hang out in your lap, so they truly are a lap dog.

The breed can live well in an apartment and a house with a small yard, but do remember they like to walk...

Pomeranian Appearance

The average Pomeranian ranges in weight from 3 to 7 pounds.

They have two coats- a thick, fluffy undercoat and a straight, coarse top coat.

Pomeranians come in 13 different colors, which are all accepted by the AKC. The colors include black, black & tan, blue, blue & tan, chocolate, chocolate & tan, cream, cream sable, orange, orange sable, red, red sable, and sable.

Although rare, but the Pomeranian can, also, appear in beaver, brindle, chocolate sable, white, and wolf sable.

Pomeranian Health

Pomeranians often live an average lifespan of 12 to 16 years, but it's not impossible for the breed to live 18 to 20 years.

The most common health problem in Pomeranians is luxating patella.

Patent ductus arteriosus (a congenital heart defect) and collapsing trachea have become serious problems in the breed, as well.

Dry eye and cataracts, are also, common in Pomeranians.

Skin disorders are very common, especially allergies that will often lead to acute moist dermatitis or "hot spots" and follicular dysplasia (also known as alopecia X).


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    • profile image

      lovedogsandjustinbieber 7 years ago

      I know alot about pomeranians there the best i have one they need atenntion and are the best love kids but dont drop em they will get up to 3 to 7 pounds adult weight so dont feed them alot they are small love other dogs and cats and are great with allergies and dont need to be groomed they have soft hair and love to swim love baths and are perfect for people who love to not let pets get dirty i call them the drama kings or queens haha ! love em, so much there bark will go on so tell them not to bark and your welcome america remember i famous i am im victoria stillwell the dog trainer thanks and have a blessed doggie day or / night :)

    • Silver Poet profile image

      Silver Poet 7 years ago from the computer of a midwestern American writer

      Having recently seen one of these amazing dogs, I wished to learn more about them. Good hub!

    • MrMarmalade profile image

      MrMarmalade 10 years ago from Sydney

      Great hub,

      Have retired from honorary Dog reporter to the new Dog communicator and reporter Congratulations