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Facts About Attractive Squirrels You Want to Know

Updated on December 15, 2014

The Squirrels

Over 275 types of Squirrels in this world! These are parted into 5 subfamilies, with about 50 genera and approximately 280 species which include the Tree Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Ground Squirrel etc.

Squirrels lives in nearly every environment from tropical rainforest to semiarid desert, only keep away from the Polar Regions and the driest of deserts. Normally Squirrels are born in the early spring with the average bunch consisting of four.

Normally an adult Squirrel lives lonely but in the too much cold condition it could give okay to share its nets with other squirrels to preserve heat. Once the temperature rises then again, the visitors are normally shown the door!

Photo courtesy: Keven Law

Photo courtesy: Photobucket

About Squirrels

At the beginning Greeks used the word 'Skiouros' for Squirrel (Skia means shade and Oura means tail) linking the creature as one who sits in shadow of its tail. Centuries later, the French formed a noun 'esquirrel' to portray this creature from where the word 'Squirrel' was derived.

With a brain the size of walnut, Squirrels interconnect through a series of chirps, these in adding with tail signals, from the basis of a 'language'. Storing food for a rainy day is a characteristic Squirrel habit. Squirrels use their razor sharp sense of smell to track down buried nuts and can dig extensive holes in the process. Birds, especially crows, will observe a squirrel bury a nut and will dig it up as soon as the squirrel leaves. This tiny creature is clever about finding its food packs. A squirrel will break the shell of a nut by licking it before it is buried. This leaves a smell on the nut which helps this animal find it later in need. Really Ingenious!

Squirrels eyes are situated high, and on each side of their head. This lets them a wide field of vision, without twisting their head. A squirrel's eyes are always looking for predators and they rarely focus on what they are eating.

The sweat glands of a tree squirrel are located on its feet so when it is hot or excited it leave wet trace on dry surface. This is also how the little creature marks its territory. These Squirrels are the cleanest animals in the rodent family, male take twice as long as females to groom themselves and we thought the female of the sex was vain!


The gray squirrels diet consists of nuts, seeds and fruit. It will eat bird eggs, bugs, and even an animal carcass if there is no other food source available. The gray squirrel requires some salt in its diet, and may find this salt in the soil along roads where snow and ice may have been.

Squirrels chew on tree branches to sharpen and clean their teeth. That's why you may see many small branches on the ground around large trees. They will also chew on power lines for the same reason; this has caused many major power outages throughout the country. The dry corn that is being sold as squirrel feed in department stores is NOT squirrel food and is perhaps adding to squirrel malnutrition.

Photo courtesy: Photobucket


Squirrel As a Pet

Pet Squirrel
Pet Squirrel | Source

Squirrels are rarely kept as house pets, provided they are preferred young enough and are hand raised in a proper manner. It can be taught to do tricks, and is said to be as smart as dogs in their capability to learn behaviours. Squirrels are extremely high maintenance and babies who have not yet opened their eyes must be nourished every two to three hours - even through the night.

Squirrels are the most active in late winter, when the mating season begins. The males will chase females, as well as, chase off other suitors. This ritual of chasing is occurs through the trees at a top speed. They perform some of the most breathtaking acrobatics imaginable.

If you find a baby squirrel, first make an effort to reunite him with his mother.

Photo courtesy: Photobucket

Red Squirrel
Red Squirrel | Source

Keep In Mind

It is better not to raise orphaned mammals alone. The littermates that are left to them will converge on each other, rather than on their human foster parent. Their existence in the wild depends on interaction with their own species, right socialization, and at least an indifferent view of humans.

Photo courtesy: Photobucket

Flying Squirrel

More About Squirrels

The Tree Squirrel is a very exclusive animal. It is one of very few wild animals that have improved to humans and learned to live together with man. It can live on both natural foods and hand outs. The squirrel is an acrobatic admiration to young and old. Its bulky tail makes it the most recognized mammal on earth. It shocks us with bold high wire acts, as it races through the tree branches. Its strength of mind to find a way to get seeds from a so called "squirrel proof" bird feeder is an amusement to watch. Squirrels are repeatedly chased away from bird feeders. There is a great demand for squirrel-proof Bird Feeders. General public will go so far as to put hot sauce on seeds to keep squirrels away.

The gray squirrel has been known to build a nest in many unusual places, in an upper floor or a crawl space seems to be the most familiar. Squirrels have also built nests in automobiles, chimneys and under balconies.

When a squirrel detects danger, its first reflex is to stand motionless. If on the ground it will speed to the closest tree, or other climbable object to escape. If it is in a tree, it will encircle the trunk with its body pressed closely to the bark.

Life Style

Squirrels are generally born in the early spring. The average family contains of four. This fluctuates with climate and location. A second brood can occur in mid-summer, if there is enough food supply. The interval of gestation differs from 33 days in the littler species of pine squirrels, up to 60 days for the larger species such as the familiar gray and fox squirrels.

In the summer squirrels are very active two to three hours following sunrise, then they'll relax in the afternoon. Start again the activity two hours before sunset. The squirrel will withdraw to its nest well before dark, and will hardly leave the nest in the dark. In the winter, the squirrel will finished its activities between dawn and mid- day, and will stay in or around the nest until the next day.

For the time of winter storms, or grave cold, the squirrel may not leave the nest for days. Although, the tree squirrel does not sleep through winter!

Squirrel Bite

Squirrels teeth grow unceasingly. Their tooth's will grow six inches per year, but stay short due to the continuous wear they receive. The most normal type of squirrel bite is a result of feeding a squirrel by hand.

Never hold the food between your fingers; chances are very good you will be bitten.

Flying Squirrels - Video - Despite their name, flying squirrels don't actually fly... they glide.

Squirrels on Amazon Search

Eastern Gray Squirrel - Vid - .

Thanks for your visit - I would love to have your valuable comments about Squirrels or your views/suggestions etc. about this hub.

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    • Merrci profile image

      Merry Citarella 3 years ago from Oregon's Southern Coast

      I love squirrels too! Had no idea there were that many varieties. Very interesting.

    • MVKilgore profile image

      M. Victor Kilgore 3 years ago

      They are fun to watch..

    • vineliner57 profile image

      Hal Gall 4 years ago from Bloomington, IN

      I have a few squirrels just outside my window. I like to watch them, and our cats are fascinated by them.

    • profile image

      TanoCalvenoa 4 years ago

      I love tree squirrels, we have tree squirrels where I live and they are very entertaining as they jump from branch to branch and chase one another.

    • profile image

      cmadden 4 years ago

      I have a friend who can con squirrels into eating out of his hand; we call him the Squirrel Whisperer. Really enjoyed this lens!

    • Mamabyrd profile image

      Mamabyrd 5 years ago

      Squirrels are such smart creatures. We are always trying to find new ways to keep them out of our attic.

    • profile image

      DebMartin 5 years ago

      I love squirrels. Thanks for creating a lens that is a tribute to squirrels. They are smart and wonderful companions. I always have a few around my home knocking on my door or running up my rake handle for a treat. I have flying, red, black, gray and fox squirrels in my area.

    • PennyHowe profile image

      PennyHowe 5 years ago

      Great lens. Thanks for sharing all of this super info on squirrels. I love squirrels and I really enjoyed all your photos.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Returning to enjoy this well done and so interesting study to the squirrel family, they certainly are ingenious and one would wonder at times if they have an engineering degree because they are so good at figuring out how to get what they want and are so entertaining to watch.

    • Tennyhawk profile image

      Tennyhawk 5 years ago

      Very cool lens! Squirrels are fun, and we can learn a lot from their storage habits. Save for a rainy day.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      They are super cute and super fast. Ever tried catching a squirrel !!!

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 5 years ago

      Such a cute squirrel lens! Love it!

    • eccles1 profile image

      eccles1 5 years ago

      I love Squirrels !

    • TolovajWordsmith profile image

      Tolovaj Publishing House 5 years ago from Ljubljana

      I love squirrels. Just take a look at my avatar and you'll know I am telling the truth:)

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Very educational. Thank you for taking the time to review my lens. It means a lot.

    • sukkran trichy profile image

      sukkran trichy 5 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @anonymous: yes you can

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      can i use one of your pictures for a school project?

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Stopping back to enjoy your love for squirrels, they are such interesting creatures and its fun to observed them in the wild as they follow their instincts. I love watching them play chase and they sure can go through the trees fast.

    • TaraWojt profile image

      Tara Wojtaszek 5 years ago

      I just love squirrels, they're so cute, but I didn't know there are 275 types of squirrels.

    • mrsclaus411 profile image

      mrsclaus411 5 years ago

      I like watching squirrels.

    • FallenAngel 483 profile image

      FallenAngel 483 5 years ago

      The squirrels in my garden have such great personalities. I can believe they are as intelligent as a dog. Thanks for a lovely lens with lots of cute squirrel pics.

    • profile image

      AnimalHouse 5 years ago

      There's something relaxing about watching squirrels jump from one tree to another.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I love watching squirrels jumping in my yard, we don't have trees and our yard is small. But they come from the neighbourhood and jump past us, making us marvel at the energy and speed they execute.

    • profile image

      julieannbrady 5 years ago

      Did you know that I am seriously inspired by squirrels? On any given day, I will see usually a dozen of them through my office window ... conceivably flying through the trees. They have given me a chuckle as I've seen them checking out the various trees that I have trimmed in the yard. They honestly appear smarter than we might give them credit.

    • mel-kav profile image

      mel-kav 5 years ago

      I really enjoyed this lens. I love watching squirrels and their antics. However, I had squirrels that kept chewing through the siding of my house and getting into the attic - I did not enjoy that - they can really destroy things. But I still like them!

    • MelonyVaughan profile image

      MelonyVaughan 5 years ago

      What a beautiful lens!

    • David Dove profile image

      David Dove 6 years ago

      Nature is the key to a full human life

    • jdwheeler profile image

      jdwheeler 6 years ago

      We have 3 giant pecan trees in our yard and it's a big playground for all the squirrels in our neighborhood. They chase each other up and down it all day long.

    • profile image

      Oosquid 6 years ago

      275 types of squirrel wow, I didn't know that. It's hard to think of a squirrel as a rodent, they seem a million miles away from rats. Very informative lens.

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 6 years ago from Canada

      I love watching squirrels out in the wild. They are such fast moving chattering little creatures that they are an absolute joy to behold.

    • hlkljgk profile image

      hlkljgk 6 years ago from Western Mass

      love the photos on this lens; and i love squirrels. :)

    • firstcookbooklady profile image

      Char Milbrett 6 years ago from Minnesota

      i have added your lens to my squirrel lens

    • darciefrench lm profile image

      darciefrench lm 6 years ago

      I love this adorable lens about squirrels - angel blessed -:)

    • Brankica LM profile image

      Brankica 6 years ago from Fort Lauderdale

      Blessed this fabulous lens :)

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Delightfully and wonderfully done. Corn is NOT squirrel food, who would have thought! We don't want to get them malnourished by loving them in the worn direction. I wonder who is supposed to consume corn as it is getting a reputation, now even the squirrels. Your flying squirrel picture is amazing!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Wow...squirrels scare me, well one at my house who like to stand on the edge of the roof over the garage and leap to the tree as I'm walking in...BUT your pictures and info makes them look beautiful and seem friendly. Except for the flying one that I thought was a bat...grin. Excellent lens!

    • evelynsaenz1 profile image

      Evelyn Saenz 6 years ago from Royalton

      I never knew there were so many different kinds of squirrels before and I found it fascinating that they sweat through their paws. I will be looking for squirrels tearing through the tops of the trees near my house. I hope it isn't too late this year.Blessed by a SquidAngel.

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 6 years ago from Southampton, UK

      Excellent lens. When I lived in Florida we had 2 small squirrels who would follow me in the hope that I had peanuts on me. They would come and take them out of my hand without any fear at all. Really enjoyed this lens, blessed by an angel.

    • garyrh1 profile image

      garyrh1 6 years ago

      Squirrels are awesome, but my favorite rodent by far is the ferret.

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 6 years ago

      Magnificent lens and wonderful animal. *-*Blessed*-* and featured on Angel blessings for Dogs on Squidoo - Other animals

    • profile image

      weldingreptile 6 years ago

      I love squirrels!!! : )

    • Sylvestermouse profile image

      Cynthia Sylvestermouse 7 years ago from United States

      Wow! This is a great lens, full of information and adorable pictures. I love squirrels!

    • Tyla MacAllister profile image

      Tyla MacAllister 7 years ago

      I love squirrels! I had no idea there were so many types of squirrels in the world. We have gray squirrels here and they are a lot of fun to watch. Some people go to great lengths to keep them out of their bird feeders but I don't mind them because they are so cute. Flying squirrels used to be common in this area but they are a rare site now. What a shame. I really enjoyed this informative and fun lens.

    • profile image

      Gift-Guide 7 years ago

      The photo of squirrel with flowers is so cute. Love this lens.

    • SandyMertens profile image

      Sandy Mertens 7 years ago from Frozen Tundra

      I didn't know they were so clean. Great lens and photos.

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Good lens, the squirrel is so under rated:)